Chapter 3-Traffic Code

Subchapter 3A Traffic Regulations: General Definitions

3-3A-1 Definitions of words and phrases.

ORIGINAL AND RENEWAL OF REGISTRATION AND CERTIFICATE OF TITLE

3-3A-17 Misdemeanor to violate registration provisions.

3-3A-18 Vehicles subject to registration – exception.

3-3A-32 Registration card signed, carried, and exhibited.

3-3A-33 Exception.

3-3A-34 Plates or validation sticker furnished – retained by owner – special plates.

3-3A-37 Display of plates.

3-3A-38 Plates, method of attaching – imitations prohibited.

3-3A-41 Change of address or name or fuel type.

PERMITS TO NONRESIDENT OWNERS

3-3A-54 Registration required of certain nonresident carriers.

3-3A-55 Registration required for certain vehicles owned or operated by nonresidents.

OFFENSES AGAINST REGISTRATION LAWS AND SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF REGISTRATION.

3-3A-98 Operation without registration.

3-3A-99 Fraudulent use of registration.

3-3A-100 False evidences of registration.

OPERATORS AND CHAUFFEURS LICENSES

3-3A-174 Operators and chauffeurs licensed.

3-3A-180 Instruction permits.

3-3A-193 Restricted licenses.

3-3A-194 Minors school licenses.

HOURS OF OPERATION

3-3A-225 Maximum mechanical operation.

OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS

3-3A-229 Obedience to peace officers.

3-3A-231 Authorized emergency vehicles.

3-3A-232 Radar jamming devices – penalty.

3-3A-234 Bicycles, animals, or animal-drawn vehicles.

TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS

3-3A-256 Obedience to official traffic-control devices.

3-3A-257 Official traffic control signal.
OPERATION OF MOTORCYCLES AND MOTORIZED BICYCLES

3-3A-275 Operation of motorcycles and motorized bicycles.

CRIMINAL OFFENSES

3-3A-277 Reckless driving.

3-3A-277A Careless driving. A person commits careless driving if the person intentionally operates a motor vehicle on a public road or highway in any one of the following ways:

1. Creates or causes unnecessary tire squealing, skidding, or sliding upon acceleration or stopping.

2. Simulates a temporary race.

3. Causes any wheel or wheels to unnecessarily lose contact with the ground.

4. Causes the vehicle to unnecessarily turn abruptly or sway.
(Ord. 960, Passed December 17, 2001

3-3A-278 Drag racing prohibited.

3-3A-279 Eluding or attempting to elude pursuing law enforcement vehicles.

SPEED RESTRICTIONS

3-3A-285 Speed restrictions.

3-3A-286 Truck speed limits.

3-3A-287 Bus speed limits.

3-3A-288 Control of vehicle – reduced speed.

3-3A-294 Minimum speed regulation.

3-3A-295 Limitation on bridge or elevated structures.

DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY – OVERTAKING AND PASSING

3-3A-297 Driving on right-hand side of roadway – exceptions.

3-3A-298 Meeting and turning to right.

3-3A-299 Overtaking a vehicle.

3-3A-300 Failure to recognize signal.

3-3A-301 Burden of proof.

3-3A-302 Overtaking on the right.

3-3A-303 Limitations on overtaking on the left.

3-3A-304 Prohibited passing.

3-3A-305 One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.

3-3A-306 Roadways laned for traffic.

3-3A-307 Following too closely.

3-3A-309 Towing – convoys – drawbars.

3-3A-310 Towing four-wheeled trailers.

TURNING AND STARTING AND SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING

3-3A-311 Turning at intersections.

3-3A-312 Turning on curve or crest of grade.

3-3A-313 Starting parked vehicle.

3-3A-314 When signal required.

3-3A-315 Signal continuous.

3-3A-316 Stopping,

3-3A-317 Signals by hand and arm or signal device.

3-3A-318 Method of giving hand and arm signals.

RIGHT-OF-WAY

3-3A-319 Entering intersections from different highways.

3-3A-320 Left turns – yielding.

3-3A-321 Entering through highways.

3-3A-322 Vehicles entering stop or yield intersection.

3-3A-323 Backing vehicle on highway.

PEDESTRIANS RIGHTS AND DUTIES

3-3A-325 Pedestrians subject to signals.

3-3A-326 Pedestrians on left.

3-3A-327 Pedestrians’ right-of-way.

3-3A-328 Crossing at other than crosswalk.

3-3A-329 Duty of driver – pedestrians crossing or working on highways.

3-3A-331 Pedestrians soliciting rides.

3-3A-332 White canes restricted to blind person.

3-3A-340 Driving through safety zone.

SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

3-3A-353 Stop before crossing sidewalk – right-of-way.
STOPPING, STANDING, AND PARKING

3-3A-354 Stopping on traveled way.

3-3A-355 Disabled vehicle.

3-3A-358 Stopping, standing, or parking.

3-3A-360 Theaters, hotels, and auditoriums.

3-3A-361 Additional parking regulations.
MISCELLANEOUS RULES

3-3A-362 Unattended motor vehicles.

3-3A-363 Obstruction to driver’s view.

3-3A-364 Control of vehicle – signals.

3-3A-365 Coasting prohibited.

3-3A-366 Acts prohibited on fully controlled-access facilities.

3-3A-367 Following fire apparatus.

3-3A-368 Crossing fire hose.

3-3A-369 Putting debris on highway.

3-3A-370 Removing injurious material.

3-3A-371 Clearing up wrecks.

SCHOOL BUSES

3-3A-372 Discharging pupils – regulations.

3-3A-377 Speed of school bus.

SAFETY STANDARDS

3-3A-381 Movement of unsafe or improperly equipped vehicles.

3-3A-382 Upgrade pulls – minimum speed.

3-3A-383 Exceptions – slow vehicles identified.

LIGHTING EQUIPMENT

3-3A-389 Reflectors additional.

3-3A-390 Reflector requirements.

3-3A-391 Approval of reflectors.

3-3A-392 Clearance and identification lights.

3-3A-393 Color and mounting.

3-3A-394 Lamp or flag on projecting load.

3-3A-395 Lamps on parked vehicles.

3-3A-397 Lamps on bicycles.

3-3A-398 Lamps on other vehicles and equipment.

3-3A-402 Spot lamps.

3-3A-403 Auxiliary driving lamps.

3-3A-404 Signal lamps and signal devices.

3-3A-409 Mandatory lighting equipment.

3-3A-415 Required usage of lighting devices.

3-3A-419 Number of driving lamps required permitted.

3-3A-420 Number of lamps lighted.

3-3A-422 Red light in front.

3-3A-423 Flashing lights.

BRAKES, HITCHES, AND SWAY CONTROL

3-3A-430 Brake, hitch, and control requirements.
MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT

3-3A-432 Horns and warning devices.

3-3A-433 Sirens and bells prohibited.

3-3A-434 Bicycle sirens or whistles.

3-3A-436 Mufflers, prevention of noise.

3-3A-437 Mirrors.

3-3A-438 Windshield and windows.

3-3A-439 Windshield wipers.

3-3A-440 Restrictions as to tire equipment.

3-3A-441 Metal tires prohibited.

3-3A-442 Projections on wheels.

3-3A-444 Safety glass.

3-3A-445 Safety belts and safety harnesses use required.

3-3A-446 Child restraint devices.

SIZE, WEIGHT, AND LOAD.

3-3A-466 Increased loading capacity – regulation.

3-3A-467 Fawn Brook Estates Enforcement.

3-3A-468 Weight Restrictions – City Streets

3-3A-469 Load Restrictions – Maquoketa River Bridge

3-3A-470 Loud and Excessive Noise

3-3A-471 Engine Brakes and Compression Brakes.

SNOWMOBILES

3-3G-3 Registration and numbering required – competition registration.

3-3G-4 Registration with County Recorder – fee.

3-3G-5 Display of identification numbers.
3-3G-6 Registration – renewal – transfer.

3-3G-8 Exempt vehicles.

3-3G-9 Operation on roadways and highways.

3-3G-11 Mufflers required.

3-3G-12 Lamps required.

3-3G-13 Unlawful operation.

3-3G-14 Penalty.

3-3G-15 Operation pending registration.

3-3G-16 Special Events.

3-3G-17 Violation of “stop” sign.

3-3G-18 Negligence.

3-3G-19 Rented snowmobiles.

3-3G-20 Minors under twelve.

DEFINITIONS

3-3A-1 Definitions of words and phrases.

The following words and phrases when used in this chapter shall, for the purpose of this chapter, have the meanings respectively ascribed to them.

1. “Vehicle” means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway. “Vehicle” does not include:

A. Any device moved by human power.

B. Any device used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

C. Any integral part of a truck tractor or road tractor which is mounted on the frame of the truck tractor or road tractor immediately behind the cab and which may be used to transport persons and property but which cannot be drawn upon the highway by the truck tractor or another motor vehicle.

D. Any steering axle, dolly, auxiliary axle or other integral part of another vehicle which in and of itself is incapable of commercially transporting any person or property but is used primarily to support another vehicle.

2A. “Motor vehicle” means a vehicle which is self-propelled, but not including vehicles known as trackless trolleys which are propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires and are not operated upon rails.

2B. “Used motor vehicle” or “second-hand motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle of a type subject to registration under the laws of this state which has been sold “at retail” as defined in chapter 322 and previously registered in this or any other state.

2C. “New car” means a car which has not been sold “at retail” as defined in chapter
322.

2D. “Used car” means a car which has been sold “at retail” as defined in chapter 322 and previously registered in this state or any other state.

2E. “Car” or “automobile” means a motor vehicle designed primarily for carrying nine passengers or less, excluding motorcycles and motorized bicycles.

3A. “Motorcycle” means every motor vehicle having a saddle or seat for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground including a motor scooter but excluding a tractor and a motorized bicycle.

3B. “Motorized bicycle” or “motor bicycle” means a motor vehicle having a saddle or a seat for the use of a rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, with an engine having a displacement no greater than fifty cubic centimeters and not capable of operating at a speed in excess of twenty-five miles per hour on level ground unassisted by human power.

4. “Motor truck” means every motor vehicle designed primarily for carrying livestock, merchandise, freight of any kind, or over nine persons as passengers.

5. “Light delivery truck,” “panel delivery truck” or “pickup” means any motor vehicle designed to carry merchandise or freight of any kind, not to exceed two thousand pounds.

6. “Truck tractor” means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.

7. “Farm tractor” means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.

8. “Road tractor” means every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.

9. “Trailer” means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.

10. “Semitrailer” means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.

Wherever the word “trailer” is used in this chapter, same shall be construed to also include “semitrailer.”

A “semitrailer” shall be considered in this chapter separate from its power unit.

11. “Trailer coach” means either a trailer or semitrailer designed for carrying persons.

12. “Specially constructed vehicle” means every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder not originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model, or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles and not materially altered from its original construction.

13. “Reconstructed vehicle” means every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder materially altered from its original construction by the removal, addition, or substitution of essential parts, new or used.

14. “Essential parts” mean all integral and body parts of a vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder, the removal, alteration, or substitution of which would tend to conceal the identity of the vehicle or substantially alter its appearance, model, type, or mode of operation.

15. “Foreign vehicle” means every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder brought into this state from another state, territory, or country other than in the ordinary course of business by or through a manufacturer or dealer and not registered in this state.

16. “Implement of husbandry” means every vehicle which is designed for agricultural purposes and exclusively used, except as herein otherwise provided by the owner thereof, in the conduct of the owner’s agricultural operations. Implements of husbandry shall also include:

A. Portable livestock loading chutes without regard to whether such chutes are used by the owner in the conduct of the owner’s agricultural operations, provided that such chutes are not used as a vehicle on the highway for the purpose of transporting property.

B. Any vehicle which is principally designed for agricultural purposes and which is moved during daylight hours by a person either:

1. From a place at which the vehicles are manufactured, fabricated, repaired, or sold to a farm site or a retail seller or from a retail seller to a farm site;

2. To a place at which the vehicles are manufactured, fabricated, repaired, or sold to a farm site or a retail seller or from a retail seller from a farm site; or

3. From one farm site to another farm site. For the purpose of this subsection the term “farm site” means a place or location at which vehicles principally designed for agricultural purposes are used or intended to be used in agricultural operations or for the purpose of exhibiting, demonstrating, testing, or experimenting with the same, provided however, that said place or location shall not be deemed a “farm site” if the movement of said vehicle, from or to the place at which vehicles principally designed for agricultural purposes are manufactured, fabricated, repaired, or sold at retail, exceeds a distance of fifty miles.

C. Any semitrailer converted to a full trailer by the use of a dolly used by the owner in the conduct of the owner’s agricultural operations to transport agricultural products being towed by a farm tractor provided the vehicle is operated in compliance with the following requirements:

1. The towing unit is equipped with a braking device which can control the movement of and stop the vehicles. When the semitrailer is being towed at a speed of twenty miles per hour, the braking device shall be adequate to stop the vehicles within fifty feet from the point the brakes are applied. The semitrailer shall be equipped with brakes upon all wheels.

2. The towing vehicle shall be equipped with a rear view mirror to permit the operator a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred feet to the rear.

3. The semitrailer shall be equipped with a turn signal device which operates in conjunction with or separately from the rear taillight and shall be plainly visible from a distance of one hundred feet.

4. The semitrailer shall be equipped with two flashing amber lights, one on each side of the rear of the vehicle, and be plainly visible for a distance of five hundred feet in normal sunlight or at night.

5. The semitrailer shall be operated in compliance with sections 321.123 and 321.463.

Notwithstanding the other provisions of this subsection any vehicle covered thereby if it otherwise qualifies may be registered as special mobile equipment, or operated or moved under the provisions of sections 321.57 to 321.63, if the person in whose name such vehicle is to be registered or to whom a special plate or plates are to be issued elects to do so and under such circumstances the provisions of this subsection shall not be applicable to such vehicle, nor shall such vehicle be required to comply with the provisions of sections 321.384 to 321.429, when such vehicle is moved during daylight hours, provided however, the provisions of section 321.383 shall remain applicable to such vehicle.

All self-propelled machinery operated at speeds of less than thirty miles per hour, specifically designed for, or especially adapted to be capable of, incidental over-the-road and primary off-road usage, and used exclusively for the application of plant food materials, agricultural limestone or agricultural chemicals, and not specifically designed or intended for transportation of agricultural limestone and such chemicals and materials. Such machinery shall be operated in compliance with section 321-463.

17. “Special mobile equipment” means every vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and incidentally operated or moved over the highways, including trailers and bulk spreaders which are not self-propelled having a gross weight of not more than twelve tons used for the transportation of fertilizers and chemicals used for farm crop production, and other equipment used primarily for the application of fertilizers and chemicals in farm fields or for farm storage, but not including trucks mounted with applicators of such products, road construction or maintenance machinery and ditch-digging apparatus. The foregoing enumeration shall be deemed partial and shall not operate to exclude other such vehicles which are within the general terms of this subsection; provided that nothing contained in this section shall be construed to include portable mills or cornshellers mounted upon a motor vehicle or semitrailer.

18. “Pneumatic tire” means every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load.

19. “Solid tire” means every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load.

20. “Metal tire” means every tire the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material.

21. “Where a vehicle is kept” shall refer to the county of residence of the owner or to the county where the vehicle is mainly kept if said owner is a nonresident of the state.

22. “Garage” means every place of business where motor vehicles are received for housing, storage, or repair for compensation.

23. “Combination” or “Combination of vehicles” shall be construed to mean a group consisting of two or more motor vehicles, or a group consisting of a motor vehicle and one or more trailers, semitrailers or vehicles, which are coupled or fastened together for the purpose of being moved on the highways as a unit.

24. “Gross weight” shall mean the empty weight of a vehicle plus the maximum load to be carried thereon. The maximum load to be carried by a passenger-carrying vehicle shall be determined by multiplying one hundred fifty pounds by the number of passenger seats carried by such vehicle.

“Unladen weight” means the weight of a vehicle or vehicle combination without load.

25. “Combined gross weight” shall mean the gross weight of a motor vehicle plus the gross weight of a trailer or semitrailer to be drawn thereby.

26. “Authorized emergency vehicle” means vehicles of the fire department, police vehicles, ambulances and emergency vehicles owned by the United States, this state or any subdivision of this state or any municipality therein, and such privately owned ambulances, rescue or disaster vehicles as are designated or authorized by the director of transportation.

27. “School bus” means every vehicle operated for the transportation of children to or from school, except vehicles which are:

A. Privately owned and not operated for compensation,

B. Used exclusively in the transportation of the children in the immediate family of the driver,

C. Operated by a municipally or privately owned urban transit company for the transportation of children as part of or in addition to their regularly scheduled service, or

D. Designed to carry not more than nine persons as passengers, either school owned or privately owned, which are used to transport pupils to activity events in which the pupils are participants or used to transport pupils to their homes in case of illness or other emergency situations. The vehicles operated under the provisions of paragraph “D” of this section shall be operated by employees of the school district who are specifically approved by the local superintendent of schools for the assignment.

28. “Railroad” means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated upon stationary rails.

29. “Railroad train” means an engine or locomotive with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.

30. “Railroad corporation” means any corporation organized under the laws of this state or any other state for the purpose of operating the railroad within this state.

31. “Explosives” mean any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities, or packing that on ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructible effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb.

32. “Flammable liquid” means any liquid which has a flash point of 70 degrees F. or less, as determined by a Tagliabue or equivalent closed cup test device.

33. “Department” means the State Department of Transportation. “Commission” means the State Transportation Commission.

34. “Director” means the Director of the State Department of Transportation or the Director’s designee.

35. “Person” means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. Where the term “person” is used in connection with the registration of a motor vehicle, it shall include any corporation, association, copartnership, company, firm, or other aggregation of individuals which owns or controls such motor vehicle as actual owner, or for the purpose of sale or for renting, whether as agent, salesman, or otherwise.

36. “Owner” means a person who holds the legal title of a vehicle, or in the event a vehicle is the subject of a security agreement with an immediate right of possession vested in the debtor, then such debtor shall be deemed the owner for the purpose of this chapter.

37. “Nonresident” means every person who is not a resident of this state.

38. ”Dealer” means every person engaged in the business of buying, selling or exchanging vehicles of a type required to be registered hereunder and who has an established place of business for such purpose in this state.

39. “Transporter” means every person engaged in the business of delivering vehicles of a type required to be registered hereunder from a manufacturing, assembling, or distributing plant to dealers or sales agents of a manufacturer.

40. “Manufacturer” means every person engaged in the business of fabricating or assembling vehicles of a type required to be registered. It does not include a person who converts, modifies or alters a completed motor vehicle manufactured by another person. It includes a person who uses a completed motor vehicle manufactured by another person to construct a class “B” motor home as defined in section 321.124.

“Completed motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle which does not require any additional manufacturing operations to perform its intended function except the addition of readily attachable equipment, components or minor finishing operations.

41. “Established place of business” means the place actually occupied either continuously or at regular periods by a dealer or manufacturer where the dealer’s or manufacturer’s books and records are kept and a large share of the dealer’s or manufacturer’s business is transacted.

42. “Operator” means every person, other than a chauffeur, who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle upon a highway.

43. “Chauffeur” means any person who operates a motor vehicle, including a school bus, in the transportation of persons for wages, compensation or hire, or any person who operates, a truck tractor, road tractor or any motor truck which is required to be registered at a gross weight classification exceeding five tons, or any such motor vehicle exempt from registration which would be within the gross weight classification if not so exempt except when the operation by the owner or operator is occasional and merely incidental to the owner or operator’s principal business, is by a volunteer fire fighter operating fire apparatus, or is by a volunteer ambulance or rescue squad attendant operating ambulance or rescue squad apparatus. If a volunteer fire fighter or ambulance or rescue squad operator receives nominal compensation not based upon the value of the services performed, the fire fighter or operator shall be considered to be receiving no compensation and classified as a volunteer.

Subject to the provisions of section 321.179, a farmer or the farmer’s hired help shall not be deemed a chauffeur, when operating a truck owned by the farmer, and used exclusively in connection with the transportation of the farmer’s own products or property.

44. “Driver” means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.

45. “Peace officer” means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations in addition to its meaning in section 801.4.

46. “Local authorities” mean every county, municipal, and other local board or body having authority to adopt local Police regulations under the Constitution and laws of this State.

47. “Pedestrian” means any person afoot.

48. “Street” or “highway” means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for purposes of vehicular traffic.

49. “Private road” or “driveway” means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner but not by other persons.

50. “Roadway” means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.

51. “Sidewalk” means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.

52. “Laned highway” means a highway the roadway of which is divided into three or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.

53. “Through (or thru) highway” means every highway or portion thereof at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same and when stop signs are erected as provided in this chapter or such entrances are controlled by a peace officer or traffic-control signal. The term “arterial” is synonymous with “through” or “thru” when applied to highways of this State.

54. “Intersection” means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.

55. “Crosswalk” means that portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections. or, any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

56. “Safety zone” means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.

57. “Business district” means the territory contiguous to and including a highway when fifty percent or more of the frontage thereon for a distance of three hundred feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.

58. “Residence district” means the territory within a city contiguous to and including a highway, not comprising a business, suburban or school district, where forty percent or more of the frontage on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet or more is occupied by dwellings or by dwellings and buildings in use for business.

59. “School district” means the territory contiguous to and including a highway for a distance of two hundred feet in either direction from a schoolhouse in a city.

60. “Suburban district” means all other parts of a city not included in the business, school or residence districts.

61. The linear measure of the plot of ground upon which the building is located abutting upon the highway shall be deemed “frontage occupied by the building,” and the phrase “frontage on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet or more” shall mean the total frontage on both sides of the highway for such distance.

62. “Official traffic-control devices” mean all signs, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.

63. “Official traffic-control signal” means any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.

64. “Railroad sign” or “signal” means any sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.

65. “Traffic” means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel.

66. “Right of way” means the privilege of the immediate use of the highway.

67. “Alley” means a thoroughfare laid out, established and platted as such, by constituted authority.

68A. “Mobile home” means any vehicle without motive power used or so manufactured or constructed as to permit its being used as a conveyance upon the public streets and highways and so designed, constructed, or reconstructed as will permit the vehicle to be used as a place for human habitation by one or more persons.

68B. “Travel trailer” means a vehicle without motive power used or so manufactured or constructed as to permit its being used as a conveyance upon the public streets and highways and so designed to permit the vehicle to be used as a place of human habitation by one or more persons. Said vehicle may be up to eight feet in width and its overall length shall not exceed forty feet. Such vehicle shall be customarily or ordinarily used for vacation or recreational purposes and not used as a place of permanent habitation. If any such vehicle is used in this state as a place of human habitation for more than ninety consecutive days in one location it shall be classed as a mobile home regardless of the size limitations herein provided.

68C. “Fifth-wheel travel trailer” means a type of travel trailer which is towed by a pickup by a connecting device known as a fifth wheel. However, this type of travel trailer may have an overall length which shall not exceed forty feet.

68D. “Motor home” means a motor vehicle designed as an integral unit to be used as a conveyance upon the public streets and highways and for use as a temporary or recreational dwelling and having at least four, two of which shall be systems specified in subparagraphs (1), (4) or (5) of this paragraph, of the following permanently installed systems which meet American national standards institute and national fire protection association standards in effect on the date of manufacture:

(1) Cooking facilities.
(2) Ice box or mechanical refrigerator.
(3) Potable water supply including plumbing and a sink with faucet either self-contained or with connections for an external source, or both.
(4) Self-contained toilet or a toilet connected to a plumbing system with connection for external water disposal, or both.
(5) Heating or air conditioning system or both, separate from the vehicle engine or the vehicle engine electrical system.
(6) A one hundred ten – one hundred fifteen volt alternating current electrical system separate from the vehicle engine electrical system either with its own power supply or with a connection for an external source, or both, or a liquefied petroleum system and supply.

69. “Tandem axle” means any two or more consecutive axles whose centers are more than forty inches but not more than eighty-four inches apart.

70. “Guaranteed arrest bond certificate” means any printed, unexpired certificate issued by an automobile club or association to any of its members, or any printed, unexpired certificate issued by an insurance company authorized to write automobile liability insurance within this state, which said certificate is signed by such member or insured and contains a printed statement that such automobile club, association or insurance company and a surety company which is doing business in this state under the provisions of section 515.48, subsection 2, guarantee the appearance of the person whose signature appears on the certificate and that they will, in the event of failure of such person to appear in court at the time of trial, pay any fine or forfeiture imposed on such person in an amount not to exceed two hundred dollars. If such insurance company is itself qualified under the provisions of section 515.48, subsection 2, then it maybe its own surety. Bail in this form shall be subject to the forfeiture and enforcement provisions with respect to bail bonds in criminal cases as provided by law.

71. A “special truck” means a motor truck not used for hire with a gross weight registration of six through twenty tons used by a person engaged in farming to transport commodities produced only by the owner, or to transport commodities purchased by the owner for use in the owner’s own farming operation or occasional use for charitable purposes. “Special truck” also means a truck tractor which is modified by removal of a fifth wheel and carries the full load on the motor truck and which by reason of its conversion becomes a motor truck.

72. “Component part” means any part of a vehicle, other than a tire, having a component part number.

73. “Component part number” means the vehicle identification derivative consisting of numerical and alphabetical designations affixed to a component part by the manufacturer or the department or affixed by, or caused to be affixed by, the owner pursuant to rules promulgated by the department as a means of identifying the component part.

74. “Vehicle identification number” or the initials VIN mean the numerical and alphabetical designations affixed to a vehicle or a component part of a vehicle by the manufacturer or the department or affixed by, or caused to be affixed by, the owner pursuant to rules promulgated by the department as a means of identifying the vehicle.

75. “Demolisher” means any agency or person whose business is to convert a vehicle to junk, processed scrap or scrap metal, or otherwise to wreck or dismantle vehicles.

76. “Multipurpose vehicle” means a motor vehicle designed to carry not more than ten people, and constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation.

77. “Motor vehicle license” means any license or permit issued to a person to operate a motor vehicle on the highways of this state, including but not limited to operator, chauffeur, and motorized bicycle licenses and instruction and temporary permits.

78. “Vehicle rebuilder” means a person engaged in the business of rebuilding or restoring to operating condition vehicles subject to registration under this chapter, which have been damaged or wrecked.

79. “Used vehicle parts dealer” means a person engaged in the business of selling bodies, parts of bodies, frames or component parts of used vehicles subject to registration under this chapter.

80. “Vehicle salvager” means a person engaged in the business of scrapping vehicles, dismantling or storing wrecked or damaged vehicles or selling reusable parts of vehicles or storing vehicles not currently registered which vehicles are subject to registration under this chapter.

81. “Ambulance” means a motor vehicle which is equipped with life support systems and used to transport sick and injured persons who require emergency medical care to medical facilities.

82. “Registration year” means the period of twelve consecutive months beginning on the first day of the month following the month of the birth of the owner of the vehicle for vehicles registered by the County Treasurer and the calendar year for vehicles registered by the department of motor trucks and truck tractors with a combined gross weight exceeding five tons which are registered by the County Treasurer.

83. “Remanufactured vehicle” means every vehicle of a type required to be registered and having a gross vehicle weight rating of at least thirty thousand pounds that has been disassembled, resulting in the total separation of the major integral parts and which has been reassembled with those parts being replaced with new or rebuilt parts. In every instance, a new diesel engine and all new tires shall be installed and shall carry manufacturers’ warranties.

Every vehicle shall include but not be limited to, new or rebuilt component parts consisting of steering gear, clutch, transmission, differential, engine radiator, engine fan hub, engine starter, alternator, air compressor and cab. For purposes of this subsection, “rebuilt” means the replacement of any element of a component part which appears to limit the serviceability of the part. A minimum of twenty thousand dollars shall be expended on each vehicle and the expense must be verifiable by invoices, work orders, or other documentation as required by the department.

The department may establish equipment requirements and a vehicle inspection procedure for remanufactured vehicles. The department may establish a fee for the inspection of remanufactured vehicles not to exceed one hundred dollars for each vehicle inspected.

84. “Alcohol concentration” means the number of grams of alcohol per any of the following:

A. One hundred milliliters of blood.
B. Two hundred ten liters of breath.
C. Sixty-seven milliliters of urine.

85. “Alcoholic beverage” includes alcohol wine, spirits, beer, or any other beverage which contains ethyl alcohol and is fit for human consumption.

86. “All terrain vehicle” means a motor vehicle designed to travel on three or more wheels and designed primarily for off-road use but not including farm tractors, construction equipment, forestry vehicles or lawn and grounds maintenance vehicles.

ORIGINAL AND RENEWAL OF REGISTRATION AND CERTIFICATE OF TITLE

3-3A-17 Misdemeanor to violate registration provisions.

It is a misdemeanor punishable as provided in section 321.482, for any person to drive or move or for an owner knowingly to permit to be driven or moved upon any highway any vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder which is not registered, or for which the appropriate fee has not been paid when and as required hereunder.

3-3A-18 Vehicles subject to registration – exception.

Every motor vehicle, trailer, and semitrailer when driven or moved upon a highway shall be subject to the registration provisions of this chapter except:

1. Any such vehicle driven or moved upon a highway in conformance with the provisions of this chapter relating to manufacturers, transporters, dealers, or nonresidents, as contemplated by section 321.53 and chapter 326, or under a temporary registration permit issued by the department as hereinafter authorized.

2. Any such vehicle which is driven or moved upon a highway only for the purpose of crossing such highway from one property to another.

3. Any implement of husbandry.

4. Any special mobile equipment as herein defined.

5. Any vehicle which is used exclusively for interplant purposes, in the operation of an industrial or manufacturing plant, consisting of a single unit comprising a group of buildings separated by streets, alleys, or railroad tracks, and which vehicle is used solely to transport materials from one part of the plant to another or from an adjacent railroad track to the plant and in so doing incidentally using said streets or alleys for not more than one thousand feet.

6. Any vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.

7. Any school bus in this state used exclusively for the transportation of pupils to and from school or a school function or for the purposes provided in section 285.1, subsection 1. and section 285. 10, subsection 9. Upon application the department shall, without charge, issue a registration certificate and shall also issue registration plates which shall have imprinted thereon the words “Private School Bus” and a distinguishing number assigned to the applicant. Such plates shall be attached to the front and rear of each bus exempt from registration under this subsection.

8. Any mobile home.

3-3A-32 Registration card signed, carried and exhibited.

Every owner upon receipt of a registration card shall write the owner’s signature thereon with pen and ink in the space provided. Every such registration card shall at all times be carried in the vehicle to which it refers and shall be shown to any peace officer upon the officer’s request.
3-3A-33 Exception.

The provisions requiring that a registration card be carried in the vehicle to which it refers shall not apply when such card is used for the purpose of making application for renewal of registration or upon a transfer of registration of said vehicle.

3-3A-34 Plates or validation sticker furnished-retained by owner-special plates.

1. Plates issued. The County Treasurer upon receiving application, accompanied by proper fee, for registration of a vehicle shall issue to the owner one registration plate for a motorcycle, motorized bicycle, truck tractor, trailer, or semitrailer and two registration plates for every other motor vehicle. The registration plates, including special registration plates, shall be assigned to the owner of a vehicle. Whenever the owner of a registered vehicle transfers or assigns ownership of such vehicle to another person the owner shall remove the registration plates from the vehicle. The owner shall forward the plates to the County Treasurer where the vehicle is registered or the owner may have the plates assigned to another vehicle within thirty days after transfer, upon payment of the fees required by law. The owner shall immediately affix registration plates retained by the owner to another vehicle owned or acquired by such person, providing the owner complies with section 321.46.

2. Validation stickers. In lieu of issuing new registration plates each registration year for a vehicle renewing registration, the department may reassign the registration plates previously issued to the vehicle and may adopt and prescribe annual validation stickers indicating payment of registration fees. The department shall issue two validation stickers for each set of registration plates. One sticker shall specify the year of expiration of the registration period. The second sticker shall specify the month of expiration of the registration period and need not be reissued annually. The month of registration shall not be required on registration plates or validation stickers issued for vehicles registered under chapter 326. The stickers shall be displayed only on the rear registration plate, except that the stickers shall be displayed on the front registration plate of a truck-tractor.

The State Department of Transportation shall promulgate rules to provide for the placement of motor vehicle registration validation stickers on all registration plates issued for the motor vehicle when such validation stickers are issued in lieu of issuing new registration plates under the provisions of this section.

3. Radio operators plates. The owner of an automobile, light delivery truck, panel delivery truck, or pickup who holds an amateur radio license issued by the Federal Communications Commission may, upon written application to the County Treasurer accompanied by a fee of five dollars, order special registration plates bearing the call letters authorized the radio station covered by the person’s amateur radio license. When received by the County Treasurer, such special registration plates shall be issued to the applicant in exchange for the registration plates previously issued to the person. Not more than one set of special registration plates may be issued to an applicant. Said fee shall be in addition to and not in lieu of the fee for regular registration plates. Special registration plates must be surrendered upon expiration of the owner’s amateur radio license and the owner shall thereupon be entitled to the owner’s regular registration plates. The County Treasurer shall validate special plates in the same manner as regular registration plates, upon payment of five dollars in addition to the regular annual registration fee.

4. Multiyear plates. In lieu of issuing annual registration plates for trailers and semitrailers, the department may issue multiyear registration plates for a three-year period for trailers and semitrailers licensed under chapter 326 upon payment of the appropriate registration fee. Fees from three-year payments shall not be reduced or prorated.

5. Personalized registration plates

A. Upon application and the payment of a fee of twenty-five dollars, the Director may issue to the owner of a motor vehicle registered in this state or a trailer with a gross weight of one thousand pounds or less, personalized registration plates marked with the initials, letters, or a combination of numerals and letters requested by the owner. Upon receipt of the personalized registration plates, the applicant shall surrender the regular registration plates to the County Treasurer. The fee for issuance of the personalized registration plates shall be in addition to the regular annual registration fee.

B. The County Treasurer shall validate personalized registration plates in the same manner as regular registration plates are validated under this section at an annual fee of five dollars in addition to the regular annual registration fee.

C. The fees collected by the Director under this section shall he paid to the Treasurer of State and credited by the Treasurer of State as provided in section 321.145.

6. Sample vehicle registration plates. Vehicle registration plates displaying the general design of regular registration plates, with the word “sample” displayed on the plate, may be furnished to any person upon payment of a fee of three dollars, except that such plates may be furnished to Governmental agencies without cost. Sample registration plates shall not be attached to a vehicle moved on the highways of this state.

7. Handicapped plates. The owner of a motor vehicle subject to registration pursuant to section 32l.109 subsection 1, light delivery truck, panel delivery truck or pickup truck who is a handicapped or paraplegic person as defined in section 601E.1, may upon written application to the Department, order special registration plates designed by the Department bearing the international symbol of accessibility. The application shall be approved by the Department and the special registration plates shall be issued to the applicant in exchange for the previous registration plates issued to the person. The fee for the special plates shall be five dollars which shall be in addition to the regular annual registration fee. The Department shall validate the special plates in the same manner as regular registration plates are validated under this section at the regular annual registration fee. However, the special plates shall not be renewed without the applicant furnishing evidence to the department that the owner of the motor vehicle is still a handicapped or paraplegic person as defined in section 601E.1. The special registration plates shall be surrendered in exchange for regular registration plates when the owner of the motor vehicle no longer qualifies as a handicapped or paraplegic person as defined in section 601E. 1.

8. Prisoner of war plates. The owner of a motor vehicle subject to registration under section 321.109, subsection 1, light delivery, panel delivery truck or pickup who was a prisoner of war during the second world war at any time between December 7, 1941 and December 31, 1946, the Korean conflict at any time between June 25, 1950 and January 31, 1955 or the Vietnam conflict at any time between August 5, 1964 and June 30, 1973, all dates inclusive, may upon written application to the Department, order special registration plates designed by the Department in cooperation with the Adjutant General which plates signify that the applicant was a prisoner of war as defined in this subsection. Each applicant applying for special registration plates under this subsection may purchase only one set of registration plates under this subsection. The application is subject to approval by the Department, in consultation with the Adjutant General, and the special registration plates shall be issued to the applicant in exchange for the registration plates previously issued to the person. The special plates shall contain the letters “POW” and three numerals and shall be subject to an annual registration fee of fifteen dollars. The Department shall validate the special plates in the same manner as regular registration plates are validated under this section at the regular annual registration fee.

9. National Guard plates. The owner of a motor vehicle subject to registration pursuant to section 321.109, subsection 1, light delivery truck, panel delivery truck or pickup who is a member of the National Guard, as defined in chapter 29A, may upon written application to the Department, order special registration plates designed by the Department in cooperation with the Adjutant General which plates signify that the applicant is a member of the National Guard. The application shall he approved by the Department, in consultation with the Adjutant General, and the special registration plates shall be issued to the applicant in exchange for the registration plates previously issued to the person. The fee for the special plates shall be five dollars, which shall be in addition to the regular annual registration fee. The Department shall validate the special plates in the same manner as regular registration plates are validated under this section at the regular annual registration fee. Special registration plates shall be surrendered in exchange for regular registration plates upon termination of the owner’s membership in the active National Guard.

3-3A-37 Display of plates. Registration plates issued for a motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, motorized bicycle or a truck tractor shall be attached to the motor vehicle, one in the front and the other in the rear. The registration plate issued for a motorcycle or other vehicle required to be registered hereunder shall be attached to the rear of the vehicle. The registration plate issued for a truck tractor shall be attached to the front of the truck tractor. The special plate issued to a dealer shall be attached on the rear of the vehicle when operated on the highways of this state.

The registration plate issued for an auxiliary axle shall be attached to the rear thereof when directly visible from the rear, and in all other cases, shall he attached to the right frame of such axle so as to be visible from the right side of the vehicle utilizing such axle.

It is unlawful for the owner of a vehicle to place any frame around or over the registration plate which does not permit full view of all numerals and letters printed on the registration plate.

3-3A-38 Plates, method of attaching – imitations prohibited. Every registration plate shall at all times be securely fastened in a horizontal position to the vehicle for which it is issued so as to prevent the plate from swinging and at a height of not less than twelve inches from the ground, measuring from the bottom of such plate, in a place and position to be clearly visible and shall be maintained free from foreign materials or imitation plate or plates imitating or purporting to imitate the official license plate of any other state or territory of the United States or of any foreign government and in a condition to be clearly legible.

3-3A-41 Change of address or name or fuel type. Whenever any person after making application for or obtaining the registration of a vehicle shall move from the address named in the application or shown upon a registration card such person shall within ten days thereafter notify the County Treasurer of the County in which the registration of said vehicle is of record, in writing of the person’s old and new addresses.

Whenever the name of any person who has made application for or obtained the registration of a vehicle is thereafter legally changed such person shall within ten days notify the County Treasurer of the County in which the title of said vehicle is of record, of such former and new name.

A person who has registered a vehicle in a County, other than the County designated on the vehicle registration plate, may apply to the County Treasurer where the vehicle is registered for new registration plates upon payment of a fee of five dollars and the return of the former County registration plates.

When a motor vehicle is modified to use a different fuel type or to use more then one fuel type the person in whose name the vehicle is registered shall within thirty days notify the County Treasurer of the County in which the registration of the vehicle is of record of the new fuel type or alternative fuel types. The County Treasurer shall make the record of such changes available to the Department of Revenue. If the vehicle uses or may use a special fuel the County Treasurer shall issue a special fuel identification sticker.

PERMITS TO NONRESIDENT OWNERS

3-3A-54 Registration required of certain nonresident carriers. Nonresident owners of foreign vehicles operated within this State for the intrastate transportation of persons or property for compensation or for the intrastate transportation of merchandise shall register each such vehicle and pay the same fees therefor as is required with reference to like vehicles owned by residents of this State.

The term intrastate transportation as used herein shall mean the transportation for compensation of persons or property originating at any point or place in the State of Iowa and destined to any other point or place in said State irrespective of the route or highway or highways traversed, including the crossing of any State line of the State of Iowa, or the ticket or bill of lading issued and used for such transportation.

3-3A-55 Registration required for certain vehicles owned or operated by nonresidents. A nonresident owner or operator engaged in remunerative employment within the state or carrying on business within the state and owning or operating a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer within the state shall register each vehicle and pay the same fees for registration as are paid for like vehicles owned by residents of this State. However, this paragraph does not apply to a person commuting from the person’s residence in another state or whose employment is seasonal or temporary, not exceeding ninety days.

A nonresident owner of a motor vehicle operated within the State by a resident of the State shall register the vehicle and pay the same fees for registration as are paid for like vehicles owned by residents of this State. However, this paragraph does not apply to vehicles being operated by residents temporarily, not exceeding ninety days. It is unlawful for a resident to operate within the State an unregistered motor vehicle required to be registered under this paragraph.

OFFENSES AGAINST REGISTRATION LAWS AND SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF REGISTRATION

3-3A-98 Operation without registration. No person shall operate, nor shall an owner knowingly permit to be operated upon any highway any vehicle required to be registered and titled hereunder unless there shall be attached thereto and displayed thereon when and as required by this chapter a valid registration card and registration plate or plates issued therefor for the current registration year and unless a certificate of title has been issued for such vehicle except as otherwise expressly permitted in this chapter. Any violation of this section is a simple misdemeanor.

3-3A-99 Fraudulent use of registration. A person shall not knowingly lend to another a registration card, registration plate, special plate, or permit issued to the person if the other person desiring to borrow the card, plate, or permit would not be entitled to the use of it. A person shall not knowingly permit the use of a registration card, registration plate, special plate, or permit issued to the person by one not entitled to it, nor shall a person knowingly display upon a vehicle a registration card, registration plate or permit not issued for that vehicle under this chapter. A violation of this section is a serious misdemeanor.

3-3A-100 False evidences of registration. It is a fraudulent practice for any person to commit any of the following acts:

1. To alter with a fraudulent intent any certificate of title, manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate, registration card, registration plate, manufacturer’s vehicle identification plate, or permit issued by the Department or County Treasurer.

2. To forge or counterfeit any such document or plate.

3. To hold or use any such document or plate knowing the same to have been altered, forged or falsified.

4. To hold or use any certificate of title, manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate, registration card, registration plate, manufacturer’s vehicle identification plate, or permit issued by the Department or County Treasurer, for any vehicle to which such document or plate is not legally assigned.

5. To transfer in any manner or to offer to transfer in any manner a certificate of title, manufacturer’s or importer’s certificate to any vehicle on which a salvage certificate of title or junking certificate is required under section 321.52, with knowledge or reason to believe that the certificate will be used for a vehicle other than the vehicle for which the certificate is issued.

3-3A-115 Antique vehicles-model year plates permitted.

1. A motor vehicle twenty-five years old or older whose owner desires to use the motor vehicle exclusively for exhibition or educational purposes at State or County fairs, or other places where the motor vehicle may be exhibited for entertainment or education purposes, shall be given a registration for a registration fee of five dollars per annum permitting the driving of the motor vehicle upon the public roads and from State and County fairs or other places of entertainment or education for exhibition or educational purposes and to and from service stations for the purpose of receiving necessary maintenance.

2. The sale of a motor vehicle twenty-five years old or older which is primarily of value as a collector’s item and not as transportation is not subject to chapter 322 and any person may sell such a vehicle at retail or wholesale without a license as required under chapter 322.

3. The owner of a motor vehicle which is registered under subsection 1, may display a registration plate from or representing the model year of the motor vehicle, furnished by the person, in lieu of a current and valid Iowa registration plate issued to the vehicle, provided that any replaced current and valid Iowa registration plate and the registration card issued to the vehicle are simultaneously carried within the vehicle and are available for inspection to any peace officer upon the officer’s request.

OPERATORS AND CHAUFFEURS LICENSES

3-3A-174 Operators and chauffeurs licensed. A person, except those hereinafter expressly exempted shall not drive any motor vehicle upon a highway in this State unless such person has a valid motor vehicle license issued by the Department. No person shall operate a motor vehicle as a chauffeur unless he/she holds a valid chauffeur’s license.

Every licensee shall have the licensee’s, operator’s, or chauffeur’s, or motorized bicycle license or instruction permit in immediate possession at all times when operating a motor vehicle and shall display the same, upon demand of a judicial magistrate or district associate judge, a peace officer, or a field deputy or examiner of the Department. However, no person charged with violating this section shall be convicted if the person produces in court, within a reasonable time, an operator’s or chauffeur’s or motorized bicycle license or instruction permit issued to that person and valid at the time of the person’s arrest.

3-3A-180 Instruction permits.

1. Any person who is at least fourteen years of age and who, except for the person’s lack of instructions in operating a motor vehicle, would otherwise be qualified to obtain an operator’s license, shall upon meeting the requirements of section 321.186 other than driving demonstration, and upon paying the required fee, be issued a temporary instruction permit by the Department, entitling the permittee while having such permit in the permittee’s immediate possession to drive a motor vehicle upon the highways for a period of two years from the date of issuance when accompanied by a licensed operator or chauffeur who is at least eighteen years of age, or an approved driver education instructor, or a prospective driver education instructor who is enrolled in and has been specifically designated by a teacher education institution with a safety education program approved by the Department of Public Instruction, and who is actually occupying a seat beside the driver; except that any instruction permit issued to a person who is less than sixteen years of age shall entitle such permittee to drive a motor vehicle upon the highways only when accompanied by a parent or guardian, or an approved driver education instructor, or a prospective driver education instructor, who is enrolled in and has been specifically designated by a teacher education institution with a safety education program approved by the Department of Public Instruction, or by any person who is twenty-five years of age or more if written permission is granted by the parent or guardian, who is a holder of a valid operator’s or a chauffeur’s license, and who is actually occupying a seat beside the driver.

If the permit holder is driving a motorcycle, the qualified operator must be within audible and visual communications distance from the permit holder and is accompanying the permit holder on or in a different motor vehicle. However, only one permit holder shall be under the immediate supervision of an accompanying qualified operator, unless the qualified operator is an approved motorcycle or driver education instructor or a prospective driver or motorcycle education instructor, and the permit holder is enrolled in an approved motorcycle or driver education course, in which case no more than three students shall be under the immediate supervision of each instructor while on the highway.

2. A person, upon meeting each of the following requirements, shall be eligible to apply for a chauffeur’s instruction permit valid for the operation of a motor vehicle requiring a chauffeur’s license when the permittee is accompanied by a person, possessing a valid chauffeur’s license, properly licensed to drive the motor vehicle and actually occupying a seat beside the permittee. An applicant must be at least eighteen years of age, otherwise qualified to obtain a valid chauffeur’s license and must meet the requirements of section 32l.186 other than a driving demonstration. The chauffeur’s instruction permit shall be valid for a period not to exceed two years and shall be returned to the Department upon receipt of a valid chauffeur’s instruction license. Issuance of a chauffeur’s instruction permit shall not require the surrender of a valid operator’s license.

A permittee shall not be penalized for failing to have the permit in immediate possession if the permittee produces in court, within a reasonable time, an instruction permit issued to the permittee and valid at the time of the permittee’s arrest.

3-3A-193 Restricted licenses. When provided in rules adopted pursuant to chapter 17A, the Department upon issuing an operator’s or chauffeur’s license or motorized bicycle license shall have authority whenever good cause appears to impose restrictions suitable to the licensee’s driving ability with respect to the type of vehicle or special mechanical control devices required on a motor vehicle which the licensee may operate or such other restrictions applicable to the licensee, including licenses issued under section 321.194, as the Department may determine to be appropriate to assure the safe operation of a motor vehicle by the licensee. The Department shall not require a person issued a valid operator’s or chauffeur’s license to comply with any other licensing requirements in order to operate a motorized bicycle.

The Department may either issue a special restricted license or may set forth such restrictions upon the usual license form.

The Department may upon receiving satisfactory evidence of any violation of the restrictions of such license suspend or revoke the same but the licensee shall be entitled to a hearing as upon a suspension or revocation under this chapter.

It is a misdemeanor, punishable as provided in section 321.482, for any person to operate a motor vehicle in any manner in violation of the restrictions imposed in a restricted license issued to that person.

3-3A-194 Minors school licenses. Upon certification of a special need by the school board or the superintendent of the applicant’s school, the Department may issue a school license to a person between the ages of fourteen and eighteen years. The license shall entitle the holder, while having the license in immediate possession, to operate a motor vehicle during the hours of 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. over the most direct and accessible route between the licensee’s residence and schools of enrollment and between schools of enrollment for the purpose of attending duly scheduled courses of instruction and extracurricular activities at the schools or at any time when accompanied by a parent or guardian, driver education instructor, or prospective driver education instructor who is a holder of a valid operator’s or chauffeur’s license, and who is actually occupying a seat beside the driver. The license shall expire on the licensee’s eighteenth birthday or upon issuance of a restricted license under section 321.178, subsection 2, or operator’s license.

Each application shall be accompanied by a statement from the school board or superintendent of the applicant’s school. The statement shall be upon a form provided by the Department. The school board or superintendent shall certify that a need exists for the license and that the board and superintendent are not responsible for actions of the applicant which pertain to the use of the school license. The Department of Public Instruction shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 17A establishing criteria for issuing a statement of necessity. Upon receipt of a statement of necessity, the Department shall issue a school license. The fact that the applicant resides at a distance less than one mile from the applicant’s schools of enrollment is prima-facie evidence of the nonexistence of necessity for the issuance of a license.

A license issued under this section is subject to suspension or revocation in like manner as any other license or permit issued under a law of this State. The Department may also suspend a license upon receiving satisfactory evidence that the licensee has violated the restrictions of the license or has been involved in one or more accidents chargeable to the licensee. The Department may suspend a license issued under this section upon receiving a record of the licensee’s conviction for one violation and shall revoke the license upon receiving a record of conviction for two or more violations of a law of this State or a City Ordinance regulating the operation of motor vehicles on highways other than parking violations as defined in section 321.210. After revoking a license under this section the Department shall not grant an application for a new license or permit until the expiration of one year or until the licensee’s sixteenth birthday, whichever is the longer period.

HOURS OF OPERATION

3-3A-225 Maximum mechanical operation. No person shall operate a commercial vehicle for hire for more than a period of twelve hours out of any period of twenty-four hours upon the highways of this State without being relieved from duty for ten consecutive hours and where a driver puts in twelve hours driving out of any period of twenty-four hours, though not consecutive, the driver must be given at least eight hours off duty.

An urban transit company, as defined in section 321-19, subsection 2, shall be exempt from this section where service of peak hour loads requires split shifts for drivers. A driver for an urban transit company shall not drive for more than twelve hours in any twenty-four-hour period and a driver who operates vehicle on a split shift shall have not less than one hour off between shifts.

OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS

3-3A-229 Obedience to peace officers. No person shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any peace officer invested by law with authority to direct, control, or regulate traffic.

3-3A-231 Authorized emergency vehicles.

1. The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an emergency call or when in the pursuit of an actual or suspected perpetrator of a felony or in response to an incident dangerous to the public or when responding to but not upon returning from a fire alarm, may exercise the privileges set forth in this section.

2. The driver of any authorized emergency vehicle may:

A. Park or stand an authorized emergency vehicle, irrespective of the provisions of this chapter.

B. Disregard laws or regulations governing direction of movement for the minimum distance necessary before an alternative route that conforms to the traffic laws and regulations is available.

3. The driver of a Fire Department vehicle, Police vehicle or ambulance may:

A. Proceed past a red or stop signal or stop sign, but only after slowing down as may be necessary for safe operation.

B. Exceed the maximum speed limits so long as the driver does not endanger life or property.

4. The exemptions granted to an authorized emergency vehicle under subsection 2 and for a Fire Department vehicle, Police vehicle or ambulance as provided in subsection 3 shall apply only when such vehicle is making use of an audible signaling device meeting the requirements of section 321.433 or a visual signaling device approved by the Department except that use of an audible or visual signaling device shall not be required when exercising the exemption granted under subsection 3, paragraph “B” of this section when the vehicle is operated by a peace officer, pursuing a suspected violator of the speed restrictions imposed by or pursuant to this chapter, for the purpose of determining the speed of travel of such suspected violator.

5. The foregoing provisions shall not relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor shall such provisions protect the driver from the consequences of the driver’s reckless disregard for the safety of others.

3-3A-232 Radar jamming devices-penalty.

1. A person shall not sell, operate or possess a radar jamming device, except as otherwise provided in this section, when the device is in a vehicle operated on the highways of this State or the device is held for sale in this State.

2. This section does not apply to radar speed measuring devices purchased by, held for purchase for, or operated by peace officers using the devices in their official duties.

3. A radar jamming device may be seized by a peace officer subject to forfeiture as provided by chapter 809.

4. For the purpose of this section “radar jamming device” means any mechanism designed or used to transmit radio waves in the electromagnetic wave spectrum to interfere with the reception of those emitted from a device used by peace officers of this State to measure the speed of motor vehicles on the highways of this State and which is not designed for two-way transmission and cannot transmit in plain language.

3-3A-234 Bicycles, animals, or animal-drawn vehicles.

1. A person riding an animal or driving an animal drawing a vehicle upon a roadway is subject to the provisions of this chapter applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except those provisions of this chapter which by their nature can have no application.
(Ord. 991, Passed April 19, 2004)

TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS

3-3A-256 Obedience to official traffic-control devices. No driver of a vehicle shall disobey the instructions of any official traffic-control device placed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, unless at the time otherwise directed by a peace officer subject to the exceptions granted the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle.

3-3A-257 Official traffic control signal.

1. For the purposes of this section “stop at the official traffic control signal” means stopping at the first opportunity at either the clearly marked stop line or before entering the crosswalk or before entering the intersection.

2. Official traffic control signals consisting of colored lights or colored lighted arrows shall regulate vehicle and pedestrian traffic in the following manner:

A. A “steady circular red” light means vehicular traffic shall stop. Vehicular traffic shall remain standing until a signal to proceed is shown or vehicular traffic, unless prohibited by a sign, may cautiously enter the intersection to make a right turn from the right lane of traffic or a left turn from a one-way street to a one-way street from the left lane of traffic on a one-way street onto the leftmost lane of traffic on a one-way street. Turns made under this paragraph shall be made in a manner that does not interfere with other vehicular or pedestrian traffic lawfully using the intersection. Pedestrian traffic facing a steady circular red light shall not enter the roadway unless the pedestrian can safely cross the roadway without interfering with any vehicular traffic.

B. A “steady circular yellow” or “steady yellow arrow” light means vehicular traffic is warned that the related green movement is being terminated and vehicular traffic shall no longer proceed into the intersection and shall stop. If the stop cannot be made in safety, a vehicle may be driven cautiously through the intersection. Pedestrian traffic is warned that there is insufficient time to cross the intersection and any pedestrian starting to cross the roadway shall yield the right of way to all vehicles.

C. “A steady circular green” light means vehicular traffic may proceed straight, turn right or turn left through the intersection unless otherwise specifically prohibited. Vehicular traffic shall yield the right of way to other vehicular and pedestrian traffic lawfully within the intersection.

D. A “steady green arrow” light shown alone or with another official traffic control signal means vehicular traffic may cautiously enter the intersection and proceed in the direction indicated by the arrow. Vehicular traffic shall yield the right of way to other vehicles and pedestrians lawfully within the intersection.

E. A “flashing circular red” light means vehicular traffic shall stop and after stopping may proceed cautiously through the intersection yielding to all vehicles not required to stop or yield which are within the intersection or approaching so closely as to constitute a hazard, but then may proceed.

F. A “flashing yellow” light means vehicular traffic shall proceed through the intersection or past such signal with caution.
G. A “don’t walk” light is a pedestrian signal which means that pedestrian traffic facing the illuminated pedestrian signal shall not start to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal, and pedestrian traffic in the crossing shall proceed to a safety zone.

H. A “walk” light is a pedestrian signal which means that pedestrian traffic facing the illuminated pedestrian signal may proceed to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal and shall be given the right of way by drivers of all vehicles.

3. Official traffic-control devices are established at the following intersections
within the city limits of Maquoketa, Iowa:
Platt and Main
West Platt and Niagara
West Platt and Vermont
West Platt and Western
West Platt and Cresslane
West Platt and Highway 61 intersection – east of overpas (Ord. No. 1087, 11/01/10)
West Platt and Highway 61 intersection – west of overpass (Ord. No. 1087, 11/01/10)
South Main and Pleasant (Ord. No. 1028, 09/05/06) (Ord. No. 1100, 12-19-11)
South Main and Carlisle Drive (Ord. No. 1040, 01/02/07)
West Platt Street and McKinsey Drive (Ord. No. 1079, 02/15/10)
West Platt Street and Westgate Drive (Ord. No. 1079, 02/15/10)

3-3A-275 OPERATION OF MOTORCYCLES AND MOTORIZED BICYCLES

1. General. The motor vehicle laws apply to the operators of motorcycles and motorized bicycles to the extent practically applicable.

2. Riders.

A. Motorized Bicycles. A person operating a motorized bicycle on the highways shall not carry any other person on the vehicle.

B. Motorcycles. A person shall not operate or ride a motorcycle on the highways with another person on the motorcycle unless the motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person. The additional passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for two persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear of the operator. The motorcycle shall be equipped with footrests for the passenger unless the passenger is riding in a sidecar or enclosed cab. The motorcycle operator shall not carry any person nor shall any other person ride in a position that will interfere with the operation or control of the motorcycle or the view of the operator.

3. Sitting Position. A person operating a motorcycle or motorized bicycle shall ride only upon the vehicle’s permanent and regular attached seat. Every person riding upon the vehicle shall be sitting astride the seat, facing forward with one leg on either side of the vehicle.

4. Use of Traffic Lanes. Persons shall not operate motorcycles or motorized bicycles more than two abreast in a single lane. Except for persons operating such vehicles two abreast, a motor vehicle shall not be operated in a manner depriving a motorcycle or motorized bicycle operator of the full use of a lane. A motorcycle or motorized bicycle shall not be operated between lanes of traffic or between adjacent lines or rows of vehicles. The operator of a motorcycle or motorized bicycle shall not overtake and pass in the same lane occupied by the vehicle being overtaken unless the vehicle being overtaken is a motorcycle or motorized bicycle.

5. Headlights On. A person shall not operate a 1977 or later model year motorcycle or motorized bicycle upon the highways without displaying at least one lighted headlamp of the type described in section 321.409. However, this subsection is subject to the exceptions with respect to parked vehicles as provided in this chapter.

6. Packages. The operator of a motorcycle or motorized bicycle shall not carry any package, bundle, or other article which prevents the operator from keeping both hands on the handlebars.

7. Handlebars. A person shall not operate a motorcycle or motorized bicycle with handlebars more than fifteen inches in height above the portion of the seat occupied by the operator.

8. Parades. The provisions of this section do not apply to motorcycles or motorized bicycles when used in a parade authorized by proper permit from local authorities.

9. Bicycle Safety Flags Required on Motorized Bicycles. When operated on a highway, a motorized bicycle shall have a bicycle safety flag which extends not less than five feet above the ground attached to the rear of the motorized bicycle. The bicycle safety flag shall be triangular in shape with an area of not less than thirty square inches, and be Day-Glo In color.
(Ord. 849, 11-29-94)

CRIMINAL OFFENSES

3-3A-277 Reckless driving. Any person who drives any vehicle in such manner as to indicate either a willful or a wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of reckless driving.

Every person convicted of reckless driving shall be guilty of a simple misdemeanor.

3-3A-277A Careless Driving. A person commits careless driving if the person intentionally operates a motor vehicle on a public road or highway in any one of the following ways:
1. Creates or causes unnecessary tire squealing, skidding, or sliding upon acceleration or stopping.
2. Simulates a temporary race.
3. Causes any wheel or wheels to unnecessarily lose contact with the ground.
4. Causes the vehicle to unnecessarily turn abruptly or sway.
(Ord. No. 960- 12-17-01)

3-3A-278 Drag racing prohibited. No person shall engage in any motor vehicle speed contest or exhibition of speed on any street or highway of this State and no person shall aid or abet any motor vehicle speed contest or speed exhibition on any street or highway of this State, except that a passenger shall not be considered as aiding and abetting. Motor vehicle speed contest or exhibition of speed are defined as one or more persons competing in speed in excess of the applicable speed limit in vehicles on the public streets or highways.

Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a simple misdemeanor.
(C66, 71, 73, §321.284; C75, 77, 79, 81, §321.278]
Referred to in §805.8(2)g)

3-3A-279 Eluding or attempting to elude pursuing law enforcement vehicles. The driver of a motor vehicle commits a serious misdemeanor if the driver willfully fails to bring the motor vehicle to a stop or otherwise eludes or attempts to elude a marked official law enforcement vehicle driven by a uniformed peace officer after being given a visual or audible signal to stop and in doing so exceeds the speed limit by twenty-five miles per hour or more. The signal given by the peace officer shall be by flashing red light or siren. For purposes of this section, “peace officer” means those officers designated under section 801.4, subsection 7, paragraphs “A,” “B,” “C,” “G,” and “H.”
(C81, §321.279)
Referred to in §321.209(8)

3-3A-285 Speed Restrictions

1. Reasonable and Proper Speed. Any person driving a motor vehicle on a highway shall drive the same at a careful and prudent speed not greater than nor less than is reasonable and proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface and width of the highway and of any other conditions then existing, and no person shall drive any vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than will permit the person to bring it to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead, such driver having the right to assume, however, that all persons using said highway will observe the law.

2. Lawful Speed. The following shall be the lawful speed except as modified by sections 1 or 3, and any speed in excess thereof shall be unlawful:

1. Twenty miles per hour in any business district.

2. Twenty-five miles per hour in any residence or school district.

3. Forty miles per hour for any motor vehicle drawing another vehicle, except as hereinafter specified.

4. Forty-five miles per hour in any suburban district.

5. Fifty-five miles per hour from sunset to sunrise and fifty-five miles per hour from sunrise to sunset.

6. Fifty-five miles per hour for any motor vehicle drawing a one or two-wheel trailer or a tandem wheel trailer not more than thirty-two feet in length including towing arm and not more than eight feet in width.

7. Reasonable and proper, but not greater than fifty miles per hour at any time between sunrise and sunset, and not greater than fifty miles per hour at any time between sunset and sunrise, on secondary roads unless such roads are surfaced with concrete or asphalt or a combination of both, in which case the speed limits shall be the same as provided in subsection 5 of this section.

8. Notwithstanding any other speed restrictions, the speed limits for all vehicular traffic, except vehicles subject to the provisions of section 321.286 on fully controlled-access, divided, multilaned highways including the national system of interstate highways designated by the Federal Highway Administration and this State (23 U.S.C. 103 (e) 1977) shall be fifty-five miles per hour.

It is further provided that any kind of vehicle, implement, or conveyance incapable of attaining and maintaining a speed of forty miles per hour shall be prohibited from using the interstate system.

3. Speed Zones. The following shall be lawful speed except as hereinbefore or hereinafter modified, and any speed in excess thereof shall be unlawful:

1. Twenty miles per hour (20 m.p.h.) on Platt Street from Eliza Street to Niagara Street; and, on Main Street from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

2. Twenty-five miles per hour (25 m.p.h.) in any residential district.

3. Forty-five miles per hour (45 m.p.h.) in any suburban district except as follows: the maximum speed on Western Avenue shall be 25 miles per hour for Northbound traffic and Southbound traffic between West Summit Street and West Platt Street.
(ORD 877, passed 6-7-96)

4. Thirty miles per hour (30 m.p.h.) on East Summit Street from South Matteson Street to Jacobsen Drive; on Jacobsen Drive from East Summit Street to East Platt Street; on East Platt Street from Jacobsen Drive to Eliza Street; on West Platt Street from Niagara Street to the intersection of Iowa Highways 61 and 64.

5. Forty miles per hour (40 m.p.h.) on Iowa Highway 64 from the Highway 64-61 Intersection to the West City Limits.

6. Repealed
(Ord. 926, passed 12/6/99)

7. Repealed
(ORD. 926, passed 12/6/99)

8. Forty-five miles per hour (45 m.p.h.) on Iowa Highway 64 from Jacobsen Drive to the East City Limits.

9. Forty-five miles per hour (45 m.p.h.) on Iowa Highway 62 from Iowa Highway 64 to the North City Limits.

10. Twenty-Five miles per hour (25 m.p.h.) on Myatt Drive from Summit Street to the South City Limits.
(Ord. 763, 8-19-91)
(Ord. 977, 8-19-02)

11. Twenty-five miles per hour (25 m.p.h.) on old U.S. Highway 61 from the intersection of Grove Street and North Main Street to the North end of the City Limits.
(Ord. 848, 11-21-94)

12. Sixty-five miles per hour (65 m.p.h.) on U.S. Highway 61 four-lane that runs inside City Limits.
(Ord. 926, 12-6-99)

13. Thirty five miles per hour (30 mph) on 17th Street from South Main Street east to 211th Avenue; thirty miles per hour (30 mph) on 211th Avenue south to terminus at 13th Street; thirty miles per hour (30 mph) on 13th Street from 211th Avenue east to City Limits. (Ord, 1036, 11-20-06; Ord. No. 1072, 5-18-09)

14. Thirty-five miles per hour (35 m.p.h) on South Main Street from Monroe Street to the southbound on ramp of Highway 61.

15. Fifty-five miles per hour (55 m.p.h.) from the southbound ramp of Highway 61 to Family Dollar Parkway. (Ord. 1052, 01-21-08)

16. Fifteen miles per hour (15 m.p.h.) on alley between South Eliza and South Olive from East Pleasant to East Platt. (Ord. No. 1082, 3-1-10)

3-3A-286 Truck speed limits. It shall be unlawful for the driver of a freight-carrying vehicle, with a gross weight of over five thousand pounds, to drive the same at a speed exceeding the following:

1. Fifty-five miles per hour on all fully controlled-access, divided, multilaned highways including interstate highways.

2. Fifty-five miles per hour on all primary roads.

3. Fifty miles per hour on all secondary roads.

For the purposes of this section, interstate highways are those designated by the Federal Highway Administration and this State, and primary and secondary roads are those designated by the Federal Highway Administration and this State.
(S13, §1571-ml9, -m2O-, C24, 27, 31, 35, §5029; C39, §5023.02; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, §321.286)
Referred to in §321.285, §321.291, 321.292, 805.8(2)(g)

3-3A-287 Bus speed limits. No passenger-carrying motor vehicle used as a common carrier, except school buses, shall be driven upon the highways at a greater rate of speed than fifty-five miles per hour at any time.

3-3A-288 Control of vehicle-reduced speed.

1. A person operating a motor vehicle shall have the vehicle under control at all times.
2. A person operating a motor vehicle shall reduce the speed to a reasonable and proper rate:

A. When approaching and passing a person walking in the traveled portion of the public highway.

B. When approaching and passing an animal which is being led, ridden, or driven upon a public highway.

C. When approaching and traversing a crossing or intersection of public highways, or a bridge, sharp turn, curve, or steep descent, in a public highway.

D. When approaching and passing a fusee, flares, red reflector electric lanterns, red reflectors or red flags displayed in accordance with section 321.448 or an emergency vehicle displaying a revolving or flashing light.

E. When approaching and passing a slow moving vehicle displaying a reflective device as provided by section 321.383.

F. When approaching and passing through a sign posted construction or maintenance zone upon the public highway.

3-3A-294 Minimum speed regulation. No person shall drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law. Peace officers are hereby authorized to enforce this provision by directions to drivers, and in the event of apparent willful disobedience to this provision and refusal to comply with direction of an officer in accordance herewith the continued slow operation by a driver shall be a misdemeanor.

3-3A-295 Limitation on bridge or elevated structures. No person shall drive a vehicle on any public bridge or elevated structure at a speed which is greater than the maximum speed permitted under this chapter on the street or highway at a point where said street or highway joins said bridge or elevated structure, provided that if the maximum speed permitted on said street or highway differs from the maximum speed on any other street or highway joining said bridge or elevated structure, then the lowest of said speeds shall be the maximum speed limit on said bridge or elevated structure, subject to the following:

The Department upon request from any local authority shall, or upon its own initiative may, conduct an investigation of any bridge or other elevated structure constituting a part of a highway, and if it shall thereupon find that such structure cannot with safety to itself withstand vehicles traveling at the speed otherwise permissible under this chapter, the Department shall determine and declare the maximum speed of vehicles which such structure can withstand, and shall cause or permit suitable signs stating such maximum speed to be erected and maintained at a distance of two hundred feet before each end of such structure.

No person shall drive a vehicle over any bridge or other elevated structure constituting a part of a highway at a speed which is greater than the maximum speed which can be maintained with safety to such bridge or structure, when such structure is signposted as provided in this section.

Upon the trial of any person charged with driving a vehicle at a speed which is greater than the maximum speed which can be maintained with safety to such bridge or structure, proof of such determination of the maximum speed by said Department and the existence of said signs shall constitute conclusive evidence of the maximum speed which can be maintained with safety to such bridge or structure.

DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY-OVERTAKING AND PASSING

3-3A-297 Driving on right-hand side of roadway exceptions.

1. A vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway upon all roadways of sufficient width, except as follows:

A. When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing such movement.

B. When an obstruction exists making it necessary to drive to the left of the center of the roadway, provided, any person so doing shall yield the right of way to all vehicles traveling in the proper direction upon the unobstructed portion of the roadway within such distance as to constitute an immediate hazard.

C. Upon a roadway divided into three marked lanes for traffic under the rules applicable thereon.

D. Upon a roadway restricted to one-way traffic.

2. Any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall be driven in the right-hand lane then available for traffic upon all roadways, or as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction or when preparing for a left turn at an intersection, an alley, private road or driveway.

3. A vehicle shall not be driven upon any roadway having four or more lanes for moving traffic and providing for two-way movement of traffic, to the left of the center line of the roadway, except when authorized by official traffic-control devices designating certain lanes to the left side of the center of the roadway for use by traffic not otherwise permitted to use such lanes, or except as permitted under subsection 1, paragraph “B.” This subsection shall not be construed as prohibiting the crossing of the center line in making a left turn into or from an alley, private road, or driveway.

3-3A-298 Meeting and turning to right. Except as otherwise provided in section 321.297 vehicles or persons on horseback meeting each other on any roadway shall yield one-half of the roadway by turning to the right.

3-3A-299 Overtaking a vehicle. The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to those limitations, exceptions, and special rules hereinafter stated:

The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.

Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of the overtaken vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.

3-3A-300 Failure to recognize signal. Any driver of a vehicle that is overtaken by a faster moving vehicle who fails to heed the signal of the overtaking vehicle when it is given under such circumstances that the driver of the overtaken vehicle could, by the exercise of ordinary care and observation and precaution, hear such signal and who fails to yield that part of the traveled way as herein provided, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

3-3A-301 Burden of proof. Upon proof that a signal was given as contemplated by section 321.300, the burden shall rest upon the accused to prove that the accused did not hear said signal.

3-3A-302 Overtaking on the right. The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle which is making or about to make a left turn.

The driver of a vehicle may overtake and, allowing sufficient clearance, pass another vehicle proceeding in the same direction either upon the left or upon the right on roadway with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for four or more lines of moving traffic when such movement can be made in safety. No person shall drive off the pavement or upon the shoulder of the roadway in overtaking or passing on the right.

3-3A-303 Limitations on overtaking on the left. A vehicle shall not be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless the left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit the overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or a vehicle overtaken. The overtaking vehicle shall return to the right-hand side of the roadway before coming within three hundred feet of a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction when traveling on a roadway having a legal speed limit in excess of thirty miles per hour, and the overtaking vehicle shall return to the right-hand side of the roadway before coming within one hundred feet of a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction when traveling on a roadway having a legal speed limit of thirty miles per hour or less.

3-3A-304 Prohibited passing. No vehicle shall, in overtaking and passing another vehicle or at any other time, be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:

1. When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve in the highway where the driver’s view along the highway is obstructed for a distance of approximately seven hundred feet.

2. When approaching within one hundred feet of any narrow bridge, viaduct, or tunnel, when so signposted, or when approaching within one hundred feet of or traversing any intersection or railroad grade crossing.

3. Where official signs are in place directing that traffic keep to the right or a distinctive center line or off-center line is marked, which distinctive line also so directs traffic as declared in the sign manual adopted by the Department of Transportation.

3-3A-305 One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands. Upon a roadway designated and signposted for on-way traffic a vehicle shall be driven only in the direction designated.

A vehicle passing around a rotary traffic island shall be driven only tot he right of such island.

3-3A-306 Roadways laned for traffic. Whenever any roadway has been divided into three or more clearly marked lanes for traffic the following rules in addition to all others consistent herewith shall apply:

A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practical entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety.

Upon a roadway which is divided into three lanes a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway is clearly visible and such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, or in preparation for a left turn or where such center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is signposted to give notice of such allocation.

Official signs may be erected directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or allocating specified lanes to traffic moving in the same direction and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such sign.

Vehicles moving in a lane designated for slow-moving traffic shall yield the right of way to vehicles moving in the same direction in a lane not so designated when such lanes merge to form a single lane.

A portion of a highway provided with a lane for slow-moving vehicles does not become a roadway marked for three lanes of traffic.

3-3A-307 Following too closely. The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition of the highway.

3-3A-309 Towing-convoys-drawbars. No person shall pull or tow by motor vehicle, for hire, another motor vehicle over any highway outside the limits of any incorporated city, except in case of temporary movement of a disabled motor vehicle to the place where repairs will be made, unless such person has complied with the provisions of sections 321.57 and 321.58. Provided, however, if such person is a nonresident of the State of Iowa and has complied with the laws of the State of that person’s residence governing licensing and registration as a transporter of motor vehicles the person shall not be required to pay the fee provided in section 321.58 but only to submit proof of the person’s status as a bona fide manufacturer or transporter as may reasonably be required by the Department.

Every person pulling or towing by motor vehicle another motor vehicle in convoy or caravan shall maintain a distance of at least five hundred feet between the units of said convoy or caravan.

The drawbar or towing arm between a motor vehicle pulling or towing another motor vehicle shall be of a type approved by the Director, except in case of the temporary movement of a disabled vehicle in an emergency situation.

3-3A-310 Towing four-wheeled trailers. A motor vehicle shall not tow a four-wheeled trailer with a steering axle, or more than one trailer or semitrailer, or both in combination. However, this section does not apply to a motor home, multipurpose vehicle, motor truck, truck tractor or road tractor nor to a farm tractor towing a four-wheeled trailer, nor to a farm tractor or motor vehicle towing implements of husbandry, nor to a wagon box trailer used by a farmer in transporting produce, farm products or supplies hauled to and from market.

Any four-wheeled trailer towed by a truck tractor or road tractor shall be registered under the semitrailer provisions of section 321.122, provided, however, that the provisions of this section shall not be applicable to motor vehicles drawing wagon box trailers used by a farmer in transporting produce, farm products or supplies hauled to and from market.
TURNING AND STARTING AND SIGNALS ON STOPPING AND TURNING

3-3A-311 Turning at intersections. The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do so as follows:

Both the approach for a right turn and right turn shall be made as close as practical to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.

Approach for a left turn shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the center line thereof and after entering the intersection the left turn shall be made so as to depart from the intersection to the right of the center line of the roadway being entered.

Approach for a left turn from a two-way street into a one-way street shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the center line thereof and by passing to the right of such center line where it enters the intersection. A left turn from a one-way street into two-way street shall be made by passing to the right of the center line of the street being entered upon leaving the intersection.

Local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may cause markers, buttons, or signs to be placed within or adjacent to intersections and thereby require and direct that a different course from that specified in this section be traveled by vehicles turning at an intersection, and when markers, buttons, or signs are so placed no driver of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at an intersection other than as directed and required by such markers, buttons, or signs.

3-3A-312 Turning on curve or crest of grade. No vehicle shall be turned so as to proceed in the opposite direction upon any curve, or upon the approach to, or near the crest of a grade or hill, where such vehicle cannot be seen by the driver of any other vehicle approaching from either direction within five hundred feet.

3-3A-313 Starting parked vehicle. No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing, or parked unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety.

3-3A-314 When signal required. No person shall turn a vehicle from a direct course upon a highway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety and then only after giving a clearly audible signal by sounding the horn if any pedestrian may be affected by such movement or after giving an appropriate signal in the manner hereinafter provided in the event any other vehicle may be affected by such movement.

3-3A-315 Signal continuous. A signal of intention to turn right or left shall be given continuously during not less than the last one hundred feet traveled by the vehicle before turning when the speed limit is forty-five miles per hour or less and a continuous signal during not less than the last three hundred feet when the speed limit is in excess of forty-five miles per hour.

3-3A-3l6 Stopping. No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided herein to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to give such signal.

3-3A-317 Signals by hand and arm or signal device.

1. The signals required under the provisions of this chapter may be given either by means of the hand and arm as provided in section 321.318, or by a mechanical or electrical directional signal device or light of a type approved by the Department and conforming to the provisions of this chapter relating thereto.

2. Directional signal devices shall be designed with a white, yellow or amber lamp or lamps to be displayed on the front of vehicles and with a lamp or lamps of red, yellow or amber to be displayed on the rear of vehicles. Such devices shall be capable of clearly indicating any intention to turn either to the right or to the left and shall be visible and understandable during both daylight and darkness from a distance of at least one hundred feet from the front and rear of a vehicle equipped therewith.

3. It is unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sale or operate on the highways of the State any vehicle subject to registration under the provisions of this chapter which has never been registered in this or any other State prior to January 1, 1954, unless the vehicle is equipped with a directional signal device of a type approved by the Department and is in compliance with the provisions of subsection 2 of this section. Motorcycles, motorized bicycles and semitrailers and trailers less than forty inches in width are exempt from the provisions of this section.

4. When a vehicle is equipped with a directional signal device, such device shall at all times be maintained in good working condition. No directional signal device shall project a glaring or dazzling light. All directional signal devices shall be self-illuminated when in use while other lamps on the vehicle are lighted.

5. Whenever any vehicle or combination of vehicles is disabled or for other reason may present a vehicular traffic hazard requiring unusual care in approaching, overtaking or passing, the operator then may display on the vehicle or combination of vehicles four directional signals of a type complying with the provisions of this section relating to directional signal devices in simultaneous operation.

3-3A-318 Method of giving hand and arm signals. All signals herein required which may be given by hand and arm shall when so given be given from the left side of the vehicle and the following manner and interpretation thereof is suggested:

1. Left turn – Hand and arm extended horizontally.

2. Right turn – Hand and arm extended upward.

3. Stop or decrease of speed – Hand and arm extended downward.

RIGHT OF WAY

3-3A-3l9 Entering intersections from different highways. When two vehicles enter an intersection from different highways or public streets at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right of way to the vehicle on the right.

The foregoing rule is modified at through highways and otherwise as hereinafter stated in this chapter.

3-3A-320 Left turns-yielding. The driver of the vehicle intending to turn to the left within an intersection or into an alley, private road or driveway shall yield the right of way to all vehicles approaching from the opposite direction which are within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard, then said driver, having so yielded and having given a signal when and as required by this chapter, may make such left turn.

3-3A-321 Entering through highways. The driver of a vehicle shall stop or yield as required by this chapter at the entrance to a through highway and shall yield the right of way to other vehicles which have entered the intersection from said through highway or which are approaching so closely on said through highway as to constitute a hazard, but said driver having so yielded may proceed cautiously and with due care enter said through highway.

3-3A-322 Vehicles entering stop or yield intersection,

1. The driver of a vehicle approaching a stop intersection indicated by a stop sign shall stop at the first opportunity at either the clearly marked stop line or before entering the crosswalk or before entering the intersection or at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection. Before proceeding, the driver shall yield the right of way to any vehicle on the intersecting roadway which has entered the intersection or which is approaching so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time the driver is moving across or within the intersection.

2. The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign shall slow to a speed reasonable for the existing conditions and if required for safety, shall stop at the first opportunity at either the clearly marked stop line or before entering the crosswalk or before entering the intersection or at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway. After slowing or stopping, the driver shall yield the right of way to any vehicle on the intersecting roadway which has entered the intersection or which is approaching so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time the driver is moving across or within the intersection.

3-3A-323 Backing vehicle on highway. No person shall operate a vehicle on a highway in reverse gear unless and until such operation can be made with reasonable safety, and shall yield the right of way to any approaching vehicle on the highway or intersecting highway thereto which is so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard.

PEDESTRIANS RIGHTS AND DUTIES

3-3A-325 Pedestrians subject to signals. Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control signals at intersections as heretofore declared in this chapter, but at all other places pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and shall be subject to the restrictions stated in sections 321.327 to 321.331.

3-3A-326 Pedestrians on left. Pedestrians shall at all times when walking on or along a highway, walk on the left side of such highway.

3-3A-327 Pedestrians’ right of way. Where traffic-control signals are not in place or in operation the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right of way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within any marked crosswalk or within any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.

3-3A-328 Crossing at other than crosswalk. Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right of way to all vehicles upon the roadway except that cities may restrict such a crossing by ordinance.

Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right of way to all vehicles upon the roadway.

Where traffic-control signals are in operation at any place not an intersection pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.

3-3A-329 Duty of driver – pedestrians crossing or working on highways. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 321.328 every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway and shall give warning by sounding the horn when necessary and shall exercise due care upon observing any child or any confused or incapacitated person upon a roadway.

Every driver of a vehicle shall yield the right of way to pedestrian workers engaged in maintenance or construction work on a highway whenever the driver is notified of the presence of such workers by a flagman or a warning sign.

3-3A-331 Pedestrians soliciting rides. No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any private vehicle.

Nothing in this section or this chapter shall be construed so as to prevent any pedestrian from standing on that portion of the highway or roadway, not ordinarily used for vehicular traffic, for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any vehicle.

3-3A-332 White canes restricted to blind person. For the purpose of guarding against accidents in traffic on the public thoroughfares, it shall be unlawful for any person except persons wholly or partially blind to carry or use on the streets, highways, and public places of the State any white canes or walking sticks which are white in color or white tipped with red.

3-3A-340 Driving through safety zone. No vehicle shall at any time be driven through or within a safety zone.

SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

3-3A-353 Stop before crossing sidewalk right-of-way. The driver of a vehicle emerging from a private roadway, alley, driveway, or building shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving onto the sidewalk area and thereafter the driver shall proceed into the sidewalk area only when the driver can do so without danger to pedestrian traffic and the driver shall yield the right of way to any vehicular traffic on the street into which the driver’s vehicle is entering.

The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a highway from a private road or driveway shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving on said highway and shall yield the right of way to all vehicles approaching on said highway.

STOPPING, STANDING, AND PARKING

3-3A-354 Stopping on traveled way. Upon any highway outside of a business or residence district a person shall not stop, park, or leave standing a vehicle, whether attended or unattended:

1. Upon the paved part of the highway when it is practical to stop, park, or leave the vehicle off that part of the highway, however, a clear and unobstructed width of at least twenty feet of the paved part of the highway opposite the standing vehicle shall be left for the free passage of other vehicles. As used in this subsection, “paved highway” includes an asphalt surfaced highway.

2. Upon the main traveled part of a highway other than a paved highway when it is practical to stop, park, or leave the vehicle off that part of the highway. However, a clear and unobstructed width of that part of the highway opposite the standing vehicle shall be left to allow for the free passage of other vehicles.

A clear view of the stopped vehicle shall be available from a distance of two hundred feet in each direction upon the highway. However, school buses may stop on the highway for receiving and discharging pupils and all other vehicles shall stop for school buses which are stopped to receive or discharge pupils, as provided in section 321.372. This section does not apply to a vehicle making a turn as provided in section 321.311.

3-3A-355 Disabled vehicle. Section 321.354 shall not apply to the driver of any vehicle which is disabled while on the paved or improved or main traveled portion of a highway in such manner and to such extent that it is impossible to avoid stopping and temporarily leaving such disabled vehicle in such position.

3-3A-358 Stopping, standing, or parking. No person shall stop, stand, or park a vehicle, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a Police Officer or traffic-control device, in any of the following places:

1. On a sidewalk.

2. In front of a public or private driveway.

3. Within an intersection.

4. Within five feet of a fire hydrant.

5. On a crosswalk.

6. Within ten feet upon the approach to any flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control signal located at the side of a roadway.

7. Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within ten feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless any city indicates a different length by signs or markings.

8. Within fifty feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing, except when parked parallel with such rail and not exhibiting a red light.

9. Within twenty feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station and on the side of a street opposite the entrance to any fire station within seventy-five feet of said entrance when properly signposted.

10. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when such stopping, standing, or parking would obstruct traffic.

11. On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or parked at the edge or curb of a street.

12. Upon any bridge or other elevated structure upon a highway outside of cities or within a highway tunnel.

13. At any place where official signs prohibit stopping or parking.

14. Upon any street within the corporate limits of a city when the same is prohibited by a general ordinance of uniform application relating to removal of snow or ice from the streets.

3-3A-360 Theaters, hotels, and auditoriums. A space of not to exceed fifty feet is hereby reserved at the side of the street in front of any theater, auditorium, hotel having more than twenty-five sleeping rooms, or other buildings where large assemblages of people are being held, within which space, when clearly marked as such, no motor vehicle shall be left standing, parked, or stopped except in taking on or discharging passengers or freight, and then only for such length of time as is necessary for such purpose.

3-3A-361 Additional parking regulations. Except as otherwise provided in this section every vehicle stopped or parked upon a roadway where there are adjacent curbs shall be so stopped or parked with the right-hand wheels of such vehicle parallel to and within eighteen inches of the right-hand curb.

Local authorities may by ordinance permit parking of vehicles with the left-hand wheels adjacent to and within eighteen inches of the left-hand curb of a one-way roadway.

Local authorities may by ordinance permit angle or center parking on any roadway under their jurisdiction.

MISCELLANEOUS RULES

3-3A-362 Unattended motor vehicles. No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, or when standing upon any perceptible grade without effectively setting the brake thereon and turning the front wheels to the curb or side of the highway.

3-3A-363 Obstruction to driver’s view. No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded, or when there are in the front seat such number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or as to interfere with the driver’s control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.

No passenger in a vehicle shall ride in such position as to interfere with the driver’s view ahead or to the sides, or to interfere with the driver’s control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.

3-3A-364 Control of vehicle – signals. The driver of a motor vehicle traveling through defiles or on approaching the crest of a hill or grade shall have such motor vehicle under control and on the right-hand side of the roadway and, upon approaching any curve where the view is obstructed within a distance of two hundred feet along the highway, shall give audible warning with the horn of such motor vehicle.

3-3A-365 Coasting prohibited.

1. The driver of any motor vehicle when traveling upon a downgrade shall not coast with the gears of such vehicle in neutral.

2. The driver of a commercial motor vehicle when traveling upon a downgrade shall not coast with the clutch disengaged.

3-3A-366 Acts prohibited on fully controlled-access facilities. It is unlawful for a person, except a person operating highway maintenance equipment or an authorized emergency vehicle, to do any of the following on a fully controlled-access facility:

1. Drive a vehicle over, upon, or across a curb, central dividing section, or other separation or dividing line.

2. Make a left turn or a semicircular or U-turn at a maintenance cross-over where an official sign prohibits the turn.

3. Drive a vehicle except in the proper lane provided for that purpose and in the proper direction and to the right of the central dividing curb, separation, section, or line.

4. Drive a vehicle into the facility from a local service road.

5. Stop, park, or leave standing a vehicle, whether attended or unattended, upon the paved portion.

6. Stop, park, or leave standing a vehicle, whether attended or unattended, upon the shoulders, or the right of way except at designated rest areas or in case of an emergency or other dire necessity.

For the purpose of this section, fully controlled-access facility is a highway which gives preference to through traffic by providing access connections at interchanges with selected public roads only and by prohibiting crossings at grade or direct access at driveway connections.

3-3A-367 Following fire apparatus. The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than five hundred feet or drive into or park such vehicle within the block where the fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm.

3-3A-368 Crossing fire hose. No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a Fire Department when laid down on any street, private driveway, or streetcar track, to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the Fire Department official in command.

3-3A-369 Putting debris on highway. No person shall throw or deposit upon any highway any glass bottle, glass, nails, tacks, wire, cans, trash, garbage, rubbish, litter, offal, or any other debris. No substance likely to injure any person, animal or vehicle upon such highway shall be thrown or deposited by any person upon any highway. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

3-3A-370 Removing injurious material. Any person who drops, or permits to be dropped or thrown, upon any highway any destructive or injurious material and other material shall immediately remove the same or cause it to be removed.

3-3A-371 Clearing up wrecks. Any person removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a highway shall remove any glass or other injurious substance dropped upon the highway from such vehicle.

SCHOOL BUSES

3-3A-372 Discharging pupils – regulations

1. The driver of a school bus used to transport children to and from a public or private school shall, when stopping to receive or discharge pupils, turn on flashing warning lamps at a distance of not less than three hundred feet nor more than five hundred feet from the point where the pupils are to be received or discharged from the bus. At the point of receiving or discharging pupils the driver of the bus shall bring the bus to a stop, turn off the amber flashing warning lamps, turn on the red flashing warning lamps, and extend the stop arm. After receiving or discharging pupils, the bus driver shall turn off all flashing warning lamps, retract the stop arm and proceed on the route. Except to the extent that reduced visibility is caused by fog, snow or other weather conditions, a school bus shall not stop to receive or discharge pupils unless there is at least three hundred feet of unobstructed vision in each direction. However, the driver of a school bus is not required to use flashing warning lamps and the stop arm when receiving or discharging pupils at a designated loading and unloading zone at a school attendance center or at extracurricular or educational activity locations where students exiting the bus do not have to cross the street or highway.

If a school district contracts with an urban transit system to transport children to and from a public or private school, the school bus which is provided by the urban transit system shall not be required to be equipped with flashing warning lights and a stop arm. If the school bus provided by an urban transit system is equipped with flashing warning lights and a stop arm. the driver of the school bus shall use the flashing warning light and stop arm as required by law.

A school bus, when operating on a highway with four or more lanes shall not stop to load or unload pupils who must cross the highway, except at designated stops where pupils who must cross the highway may do so at points where there are official traffic control devices or police officers.

A school bus shall, while carrying passengers, have its headlights turned on.

2. All pupils shall be received and discharged from the right front entrance of every school bus and if said pupils must cross the highway, they shall be required to pass in front of the bus, look in both directions, and proceed to cross the highway on signal from the bus driver.

3. The driver of any vehicle when meeting a school bus on which the amber warning lamps are flashing shall reduce the speed of said vehicle to not more than twenty miles per hour, and shall bring said vehicle to a complete stop when school bus stops and stop signal arm is extended and said vehicle shall remain stopped until stop arm is retracted after which driver may proceed with due caution.

The driver of any vehicle overtaking a school bus shall not pass a school bus when red or amber warning signal lights are flashing and shall bring said vehicle to a complete stop not closer than fifteen feet of the school bus when it is stopped and stop arm is extended, and shall remain stopped until the stop arm is retracted and school bus resumes motion, or until signaled by the driver to proceed.

4. The driver of a vehicle upon a highway providing two or more lanes in each direction need not stop upon meeting a school bus which is traveling in the opposite direction even though the school bus is stopped.

3-3A-377 Speed of school bus. A motor vehicle in use as a school bus shall not be operated at a speed in excess of the posted maximum speed limit.

SAFETY STANDARDS

3-3A-381 Movement of unsafe or improperly equipped vehicles. It is a misdemeanor for any person to drive or move or for the owner to cause or knowingly permit to be driven or moved on any highway any vehicle or combination of vehicles which are in such unsafe condition as to endanger any person, or which does not contain those parts or is not at all times equipped with such lamps and other equipment in proper condition and adjustment as required in this chapter, or which is equipped with one or more unsafe tires or which is equipped in any manner in violation of this chapter.

3-3A-382 Upgrade pulls – minimum speed. A motor vehicle or combination of vehicles which cannot proceed up a three percent grade, on dry concrete pavement, at a minimum speed of twenty miles per hour, shall not be operated upon the highways of this State.

3-3A-383 Exceptions – slow vehicles identified.

1. This chapter with respect to equipment on vehicles does not apply to implements of husbandry, road machinery, bulk spreaders and other fertilizer and chemical equipment defined as special mobile equipment, road rollers, or farm tractors except as made applicable in this section. However, the movement of implements of husbandry between the retail seller and a farm purchaser or the movement of indivisible implements of husbandry between the place of manufacture and a retail seller or farm purchaser is subject to safety rules. The safety rules shall prohibit the movement of any power unit towing more than one implement of husbandry from the manufacturer to the retail seller, from the retail seller to the farm purchaser, or from the manufacturer to the farm purchaser.

2. When operated on a highway in this State at a speed of twenty-five miles per hour or less, every farm tractor, or tractor with towed equipment, self-propelled implement of husbandry, road construction or maintenance vehicle, road grader, horse-drawn vehicle, or any other vehicle principally designed for use off the highway and any such tractor, implement, vehicle or grader when manufactured for sale or sold at retail after the thirty-first of December, 1971, shall be identified with a reflective device of a type approved by the Director; however, this provision shall not apply to such vehicles when traveling in any escorted parade. The reflective device shall be visible from the rear and mounted in a manner approved by the Director. All vehicles specified in this section shall be equipped with such reflective device after the thirty-first of December, 1971. The Director, when approving such device, shall be guided as far as practicable by the standards of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. No vehicle other than those specified in this section shall display a reflective device approved for the use herein described. On vehicles specified herein operating at speeds above twenty-five miles per hour, the reflective device shall be removed or hidden from view.

3. Garbage collection vehicles, when operated on the streets or highways of this State at speeds of twenty-five miles per hour or less, may display a reflective device of a type and in a manner approved by the Director. At speeds in excess of twenty-five miles per hour the device shall not be visible.

LIGHTING EQUIPMENT

3-3A-384 When lighted lamps required.

1. Every motor vehicle upon a highway within the State, at any time from sunset to sunrise, and at such other times when conditions such as fog, snow, sleet, or rain provide insufficient lighting to render clearly discernible persons and vehicles on the highway at a distance of five hundred feet ahead, shall display lighted head lamps as provided in section .415, subject to exceptions with respect to parked vehicles as hereinafter stated.

2. Whenever requirement is hereinafter declared as to the distance from which certain lamps and devices shall render objects visible or within which such lamps or devices shall be visible, said provisions shall apply during the times stated in subsection 1 of this section upon a straight level unlighted highway under normal atmospheric conditions unless a different time or condition is expressly stated.

3-3A-389 Reflectors additional. Every new motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer hereafter sold and every commercial vehicle hereafter operated on a highway shall also carry at the rear, either as part of the rear lamp or separately, a red reflector meeting the requirements of this chapter.

3-3A-390 Reflector requirements. Whenever a red reflector is required or permitted to be used in substitution of lamps upon a vehicle under any one of the provisions of this chapter, such reflector shall be mounted upon the vehicle at a height not to exceed forty-two inches nor less than twenty inches above the ground upon which the vehicle stands, and every such reflector shall be so designed and maintained as to be visible at night from all distances within three hundred feet to fifty feet from such vehicle, except that on a commercial vehicle the reflector shall be visible from all distances within five hundred feet to fifty feet from such vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawfully lighted head lamps.

3-3A-391 Approval of reflectors. No reflector as required by this chapter shall be used expect of a type approved by the Department and the Department is hereby authorized to approve or disapprove types of reflectors submitted and to publish a list of such approved types by trade name or otherwise.

3-3A-392 Clearance and identification lights. Every motor truck, and every trailer or semitrailer of over three thousand pounds gross weight, shall be equipped with the following lighting devices and reflectors in addition to other requirements of this chapter.

1. Every motor truck, whatever its size shall have the following:
On each side, one reflector, at or near the rear; and
On the rear, two reflectors, one at each side.

2. Every motor truck, eighty inches or more in width shall have the following in addition to the requirements of subsection 1:

A. If thirty feet or less in overall length –
On the front, two clearance lamps, one at each side; and
On the rear, two clearance lamps, one at each side.

B. If more than thirty feet in overall length –
On the front, two clearance lamps, one at each side;
On each side, two side-marker lamps, one at or near the front, and one at or near the rear, and an additional reflector at or near the front; and
On the rear, two clearance lamps, one at each side.

3. Every truck tractor or road tractor shall have the following:

On the front, two clearance lamps, one at each side if the tractor cab is as wide as, or wider than, the widest part of the vehicle or vehicles towed;
On each side, one side-marker lamp at or near the front; and
On the rear, one tail lamp.

4. Every trailer or semitrailer having a gross weight in excess of three thousand pounds shall have the following:

On the front, two clearance lamps, one at each side, if the trailer is wider in its widest part than the cab of the vehicle towing it;
On each side, one side-marker lamp at or near the rear; two reflectors, one at or near the front and one at or near the rear; and
On the rear, two clearance lamps, one at each side; one stop light; one tail lamp; and two reflectors, one at each side.

5. Every motor truck or combination of motor truck and trailer having a length in excess of thirty feet or a width in excess of eighty inches shall be equipped with three identification lights on both front and rear. Each such group shall be evenly spaced not less than six nor more than twelve inches apart along a horizontal line near the top of the vehicle.

3-3A-393 Color and mounting. No lighting device or reflector, when mounted on or near the front of any motor truck or trailer, except school buses shall display any other color than white, yellow, or amber; provided that installations heretofore in place and otherwise complying with the law may display a green light, however, such green light shall be replaced with the appropriate color when replacement is made or prior to January 1, 1980, whichever is earlier.

No lighting device or reflector, when mounted on or near the rear of any motor truck or trailer, shall display any other color than red, except that the stoplight may be red, yellow, or amber.

Clearance lamps shall be mounted on the permanent structure of the vehicle in such manner as to indicate the extreme width of the vehicle or its load.

The provisions of this section shall not prohibit the use of a lighting device or reflector displaying an amber light when such lighting device or reflector is mounted on a motor truck, trailer, tractor, or motor grader owned by the State, or any political subdivision of the State, or any municipality therein, while such equipment is being used for snow removal, sanding, maintenance, or repair of the public streets or highways.

3-3A-394 Lamp or flag on projecting load. Whenever the load upon any vehicle extends to the rear four feet or more beyond the bed or body of such vehicle there shall be displayed at the extreme rear end of the load, a red light or lantern plainly visible from a distance of at least five hundred feet to the sides and rear. The red light or lantern required under this section shall be in addition to the red rear light required upon every vehicle. At any other time there shall be displayed at the extreme rear end of such load a red flag or cloth not less than sixteen inches square.

3-3A-395 Lamps on parked vehicles. Whenever a vehicle is parked or stopped upon a roadway or shoulder adjacent thereto, outside of a business district whether attended or unattended, such vehicle shall be equipped with one or more lamps which shall exhibit a white or amber light on the way side visible from a distance of five hundred to the front of such vehicle and a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear, except that local authorities may provide by ordinance or resolution that no lights need be displayed upon any such vehicle when stopped or parked in accordance with local parking regulations upon a highway where there is sufficient light to reveal any person or object within a distance of five hundred feet upon such highway. Lamps on parked or stopped vehicles, except trucks, trailers or semitrailers as defined in section .392, required to be exhibited by this section, but not including running lights, shall not be lighted at any time when the vehicle is being driven on the highway unless the head lamps are also lighted. Any lighted headlamps upon a parked vehicle shall be depressed or dimmed.

3-3A-397 Lamps on bicycles. Every bicycle shall be equipped with a lamp on the front exhibiting a white light, at the times specified in section .384 visible from a distance of at least three hundred feet to the front and with a lamp on the rear exhibiting a red light visible from a distance of three hundred feet to the rear; except that a red reflector meeting the requirements of this chapter may be used in lieu of a rear light.

3-3A-398 Lamps on other vehicles and equipment. All vehicles, including animal-drawn vehicles and including those referred to in section.383 not hereinbefore specifically required to be equipped with lamps, shall at the times specified in section .384 be equipped with at least one lighted lamp or lantern exhibiting a white light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the front of such vehicle and, except for animal-drawn vehicles, with a lamp or lantern exhibiting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear. Animal-drawn vehicles shall be equipped with a flashing amber light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear of the vehicle during the time specified in section .384.

3-3A-402 Spot lamps. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed one spot lamp and every lighted spot lamp shall be so aimed and used upon approaching another vehicle that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam will be directed to the left of the prolongation of the extreme left side of the vehicle nor more than one hundred feet ahead of the vehicle.

3-3A-403 Auxiliary driving lamps. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed three auxiliary driving lamps mounted on the front at a height not less than twelve inches nor more than forty-two inches above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands, and every such auxiliary driving lamp or lamps shall meet the requirements and limitations set forth in this chapter.

3-3A-404 Signal lamps and signal devices. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a signal lamp or signal device which is so constructed and 1ocated on the vehicle as to give a signal of intention to stop, which shall be red or yellow in color, which signal shall be plainly visible and understandable in normal sunlight and at night from a distance of one hundred feet to the rear but shall not project a glaring or dazzling light.

3-3A-409 Mandatory lighting equipment. Except as hereinafter provided, the head lamps or the auxiliary driving lamp or the auxiliary passing lamp or combination thereof on motor vehicles other than motorcycles or motorized bicycles shall be so arranged that the driver may select at will between distributions of light projected to different elevations and the lamps may, in addition, be so arranged that selection can be made automatically, subject to the following limitations.

1. There shall be an uppermost distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least three hundred fifty feet ahead for all conditions.

2. There shall be a lowermost distribution of light, or composite beam so aimed and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least one hundred feet ahead. On a straight level road under any condition of loading none of the high-intensity portion of the beam shall be directed to strike the eyes of an approaching driver.

3. Every new motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motorized bicycle which has multiple-beam road-lighting equipment shall be equipped with a beam indicator, which shall be lighted whenever the uppermost distribution of light from the head lamps is in use, and shall not otherwise be lighted. The indicator shall be so designed and located that when lighted it will be readily visible without glare to the driver of the vehicle.

3-3A-415 Required usage of lighting devices. Whenever a motor vehicle is being operated on a roadway or shoulder during the times specified in section .384, the driver shall use a distribution of light, or composite beam, directed high enough and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a safe distance in advance of the vehicle, subject to the following requirements and limitations:

1. Whenever a driver of a vehicle approaches an oncoming vehicle within five hundred feet, the driver shall use a distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed that the glaring rays are not projected into the eyes of the oncoming driver. The lowermost distribution of light, or composite beam, specified in section .409, subsection 2, shall be deemed to avoid glare at all times, regardless of road contour and loading.

2. Whenever the driver of a vehicle follows another vehicle within two hundred feet to the rear, except when engaged in the act of overtaking and passing; the driver shall use a distribution of light permissible under this chapter other than the uppermost distribution of light specified in section .409, subsection 1.

3. The provisions of subsection 1 and 2 do not apply to motorcycles or motorized bicycles being operated between sunrise and sunset.

3-3A-419 Number of driving lamps required permitted. At all times at least two lighted lamps, except where one only is permitted, shall be displayed, one on each side at the front of every motor vehicle except when such vehicle is parked subject to the regulations governing lights on parked vehicles.

3-3A-420 Number of lamps lighted. Whenever a motor vehicle equipped with head lamps as herein required is also equipped with any auxiliary lamps or a spot lamp or any other lamp on the front thereof projecting a beam of an intensity greater than three hundred candlepower, not more than a total of four of any such lamps on the front of a vehicle shall be lighted at any one time when upon a highway.

3-3A-422 Red light in front. No person shall drive or move any vehicle or equipment upon any highway with any lamp or device thereon displaying or reflecting a red light visible from directly in front thereof. This section shall not apply to authorized emergency vehicles or school buses.

No person shall display any color of light other than red on the rear of any vehicle, except that stop lights and directional signals may be red, yellow, or amber.

3-3A-423 Flashing lights.

1. Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

A. “Fire Department” means a paid or volunteer organized Fire Department.

B. “Member” means a person who is a member in good standing of a Fire Department.

2. Prohibited lights. A flashing light on or in a motor vehicle is prohibited except as follows:

A. On an authorized emergency vehicle.

B. On a vehicle as a means of indicating a right or left turn, a mechanical failure, or an emergency stop or intent to stop.

C. On a motor vehicle used by a rural mail carrier when stopping or stopped on or near a highway in the process of delivering mail, if such a light is any shade of color between white and amber and if it is mounted as a dome light on the roof of the vehicle.

D. On a vehicle being operated under an excess size permit.

E. A flashing blue light on a vehicle upon which a blue light is permitted pursuant to subsection 3 of this section.

3. Blue light. A blue light shall not be used on any vehicle except:

A. A vehicle owned or exclusively operated by a Fire Department; or

B. A vehicle authorized by the Director when:

1. The vehicle is owned by a member of a Fire Department.

2. The request for authorization is made by the member on forms provided by the Department.

3. Necessity for authorization is demonstrated in the request.

4. The Chief of the Fire Department certifies that the member is in good standing with the Fire Department and recommends that the authorization be granted.

4. Expiration of authority. The authorization shall expire at midnight on the thirty-first day of December five years from the year in which it was issued, or when the vehicle is no longer owned by the member, or when the member has ceased to be an active member of the Fire Department or when the member has used the blue light beyond the scope of its authorized use.

5. When used. The certificate of authorization shall be carried at all times with the certificate of registration of the authorized vehicle and the operator of the vehicle shall not illuminate the blue light except:

A. When the member is en route to the scene of a fire or is responding to an emergency in the line of duty requiring the services of the member;

B. When the authorized vehicle is transporting a person requiring emergency care; or

C. When the authorized vehicle is at the scene of an emergency.

D. The use of a blue light in or on a private motor vehicle shall be for identification purposes only.

6. Amber flashing light. A farm tractor, farm tractor with towed equipment, self-propelled implement of husbandry, road construction or maintenance vehicle, road grader, or other vehicle principally designed for use off the highway which, when operated on a primary or secondary road, is operated at a speed of twenty-five miles an hour or less, shall be equipped with and display an amber flashing light visible from the rear at any time from sunset to sunrise. All vehicles specified in this subsection which are manufactured for sale or sold in this state shall be equipped with an amber flashing light. The type, number, dimensions, and method of mounting of the lights shall be determined by the Director. The Director, when approving the light, shall be guided as far as practicable by the standards of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers.

BRAKES, HITCHES, AND SWAY CONTROL

3-3A-430 Brake, hitch,, and control requirements.

1. Every motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, or motorized bicycle, when operated upon a highway shall be equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold such vehicle, including two separate means of applying the brakes, each of which means shall be effective to apply the brakes to at least two wheels. If these two separate means of applying the brakes are connected in any way, they shall be so constructed that failure of any one part of the operating mechanism shall not leave the motor vehicle without brakes on at least two wheels.

2. Every motorcycle and motorized bicycle, when operated upon a highway shall be equipped with at least one brake, which may be operated by hand or foot.

3. Every trailer or semitrailer of a gross weight of three thousand pounds or more, and every trailer coach or travel trailer of a gross weight of three thousand pounds or more intended for use for human habitation, when operated on the highways of this State, shall be equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold such vehicle, and so designed as to be applied by the driver of the towing motor vehicle from its cab, or with self-actuating brakes, and weight equalizing hitch with a sway control of a type approved by the Director of Transportation. Every semitrailer, travel trailer, or trailer coach of a gross weight of three thousand pounds or more shall be equipped with a separate, auxiliary means of applying the breaks on the semitrailer, travel trailer, or trailer coach from the cab of the towing vehicle. Trailers or semitrailers with a truck or truck tractor need only comply with the brake requirements.

4. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, every new motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer hereafter sold in this State and operated upon the highways shall be equipped with service brakes upon all wheels of every such vehicle with the following exceptions:

A. Any motorcycle or motorized bicycle.

B. Any trailer or semitrailer of less than three thousand pounds gross weight need not be equipped with brakes.

MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT

3-3A-432 Horns and warning devices. Every motor vehicle when operated upon a highway shall be equipped with a horn in good working order and capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than two hundred feet, but no horn or other warning device shall emit an unreasonably loud or harsh sound or a whistle. The driver of a motor vehicle shall when reasonably necessary to insure safe operation give audible warning with the horn but shall not otherwise use such horn when upon a highway.

3-3A-433 Sirens and bells prohibited. No vehicle shall be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a vehicle any siren, whistle, or bell, except as otherwise permitted in this section. It is permissible but not required that any commercial vehicle be equipped with a theft alarm signal device which is so arranged that it cannot be used by the driver as an ordinary warning signal. Any authorized emergency vehicle may be equipped with a siren, whistle, or bell, capable of emitting sound under normal conditions from a distance of not less than five hundred feet and of a type approved by the Department, but such siren shall not be used except when such vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law, in which said latter events the driver of such vehicle shall sound said siren when necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the approach thereof.

3-3A-434 Bicycle sirens or whistles. No bicycle shall be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a bicycle any siren or whistle.

3-3A-436 Mufflers, prevention of noise. Every motor vehicle shall at all times be equipped with a muffler in good working order and in constant operation to prevent excessive or unusual noise and annoying smoke, and no person shall use a muffler cutout, by-pass or similar device upon a motor vehicle on a highway.

3-3A-437 Mirrors. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred feet to the rear of such vehicle. Any motor vehicle so loaded, or towing another vehicle in such manner, as to obstruct the view in a rear view mirror located in the driver’s compartment shall be equipped with a side mirror so located that the view to the rear will not be obstructed however when such vehicle is not loaded or towing another vehicle the side mirrors shall be retracted or removed. All van or van type motor vehicles shall be equipped with outside mirrors of unit magnification, each with not less than nineteen point five square inches of reflective surface, installed with stable supports on both sides of the vehicle, located so as to provide the driver a view to the rear along both sides of the vehicle, and adjustable in both the horizontal and vertical directions to view the rearward scene.

3-3A-438 Windshield and windows.

1. A person shall not drive a motor vehicle equipped with a windshield, sidewings, or side or rear windows which do not permit clear vision.

2. A person shall not operate on the highway a motor vehicle equipped with a front windshield, a side window to the immediate right or left of the driver, or a sidewing forward of and to the left or right of the driver which is excessively dark or reflective so that it is difficult for a person outside the motor vehicle to see into the motor vehicle through the windshield, window, or sidewing. The Department shall adopt rules establishing a minimum measurable standard of transparency which shall apply to violation of this subsection.

3. Every motor vehicle except a motorcycle, or a vehicle included in the provisions of section 383.115 shall be equipped with a windshield in accordance with section 383.444.

3-3A-439 Windshield wipers. The windshield on every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a device for cleaning rain, snow, or other moisture from the windshield, which device shall be so constructed as to be controlled or operated by the driver of the vehicle.

3-3A-440 Restrictions as to tire equipment. Every solid rubber tire on a vehicle shall have rubber on its entire traction surface at least one inch thick above the edge of the flange of the entire periphery. Any pneumatic tire on a vehicle shall be considered unsafe if it has:

1. Any part of the ply or cord exposed;

2. Any bump, bulge or separation;

3. A tread design depth of less than one-sixteenth of an inch measured in any two or more adjacent tread grooves, exclusive of tie bars or, for those tires with tread wear indicators, worn to the level of the tread wear indicators in any two tread grooves;

4. A marking “not for highway use,” “for racing purposes only,” unsafe for highway use”;

5. Tread or sidewall cracks, cuts or snags deep enough to expose the body cord;

6. Such other conditions as may be reasonably demonstrated to render it unsafe;

7. Been regrooved or recut below the original tread design depth, excepting special tires which have extra under tread rubber and are identified as such, or if a pneumatic tire was originally designed without grooves or tread, the safety standards therefor shall be established by the Director.

3-3A-441 Metal tires prohibited. No person shall operate or move on a paved highway any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer having any metal tire or metal track in contact with the roadway.

3-3A-442 Projections on wheels. No tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall have on its periphery any block, stud, flange, cleat, or spike or any other protuberances of any material other than rubber which projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire except that it shall be permissible to use:

1. Farm machinery with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highway.

2. Tire chains of reasonable proportions upon any vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice, or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid.

3. Pneumatic tires with inserted ice grips or studs projecting not more than one-sixteenth inch beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire upon any vehicle from November 1 of each year to April 1 of the following year, except that a school bus and Fire Department emergency apparatus may use such tires at any time.

3-3A-444 Safety glass.

1. No person shall sell any new motor vehicle nor shall any motor vehicle manufactured since July 1, 1935, be registered, or operated unless such vehicle in equipped with safety glass wherever glass is used in doors, windows, and windshields. Replacements of glass in doors, windows, or windshields shall be of safety glass.

2. The term “safety glass” shall mean any product composed of glass, so manufactured, fabricated, or treated as substantially to prevent shattering and flying of the glass when struck or broken or such other or similar product as may be approved by the Director.

3. The Director shall compile and publish a list of types of glass by name approved by the Director as meeting the requirements of subsection 2 and the Director shall not register any motor vehicle which is subject to the provisions of subsection 1 unless it is equipped with an approved type of safety glass, and the Director shall suspend the registration of any motor vehicle so subject to said section which the Director finds is not so equipped until it is made to conform to the requirements of said section.

3-3A-445 SAFETY BELTS AND SAFETY HARNESSES USE REQUIRED:

1. Except for motorcycles or motorized bicycles, 1966 model year or newer motor vehicles subject to registration in Iowa shall be equipped with safety belts and safety harnesses of a type and installed in a manner approved by rules adopted by the Department pursuant to chapter 17A. The Department shall adopt rules regarding the types of safety belts and safety harnesses required to be installed. The rules shall conform with Federal motor vehicle safety standard numbers 209 and 210 as published in 49 C.F.R. Sections 571.209-571.210 and with prior federal motor vehicle’s model year. The Department may adopt rules which comply with changes in the applicable federal motor vehicle safety standards with regard to the type of safety belts and safety harnesses and their manner of installation.

2. The driver and front seat occupants of a type of motor vehicle which is subject to registration in Iowa, except a motorcycle or motorized bicycle, shall each wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt or safety harness any time the vehicle is in forward motion on a street or highway in this State except that a child under six years of age shall be secured as required under section 321.466.

This subsection does not apply to:

A. The driver or front seat occupants of a motor vehicle which is not required to be equipped with safety belts or safety harnesses under rules adopted by the Department.

B. The driver and front seat occupants of a motor vehicle who are actively engaged in work which requires them to alight from and reenter the vehicle at frequent intervals, providing the vehicle does not exceed twenty-five miles per hour between stops.

C. The driver of a motor vehicle while performing duties as rural letter carrier for the United States Postal Service. This exemption applies only between the first delivery point after leaving the Post Office and the last delivery point before returning to the Post Office.

D. Passengers on a bus.

E. A person possessing a written certification from a physician on a form provided by the Department that the person is unable to wear a safety belt or safety harness due to physical or medical reasons. The certification shall specify the time period for which the exemption applies. The time period shall not exceed twelve months, at which time a new certification may be issued.

F. Front seat occupants of an authorized emergency vehicle while they are being transported in an emergency. However this exemption does not apply to the driver of the authorized emergency vehicle.

During the six-month period from July 1, 1986 through December 31, 1986, peace officers shall issue only warning citations for violations of this subsection, except this does not apply to drivers subject to the Federal motor carrier safety regulation 49 C.F.R. Section 392.16.

The Department, in cooperation with the Department of Public Safety and the Department of Education, shall establish educational programs to foster compliance with the safety belt and safety harness usage requirements of this subsection.

3. The driver and front seat passengers may be each charged separately for improperly used or nonused equipment under subsection 2. The owner of the motor vehicle may be charged for equipment violations under subsection 1.

4.

A. The nonuse of a safety belt or safety harness by a person is not admissible or material as evidence in a civil action brought for damages in a cause of action arising prior to July 1, 1986.

B. In a cause of action arising on or after July 1, 1986, brought to recover damages arising out of the ownership or operation of a motor vehicle, the failure to wear a safety belt or safety harness in violation of this section shall not be considered evidence of comparative fault under section 668.3, subsection 1. However, except as provided in section 321.446, subsection 6, the failure to wear a safety belt or safety harness in violation of this section may be admitted to mitigate damages, but only under the following circumstances:

1. Parties seeking to introduce evidence of the failure to wear a safety belt or safety harness in violation of the section must first introduce substantial evidence that the failure to wear a safety belt or safety harness contributed to the injury or injuries claimed by the plaintiff.

2. If the evidence supports such a finding, the trier of fact may find that the plaintiff’s failure to wear a safety belt or safety harness in violation of this section contributed to the plaintiff’s claimed injury or injuries, and may reduce the amount of plaintiff’s recovery by an amount not to exceed five percent of the damages awarded after any reductions for comparative fault.

5. The Department shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 17A providing exceptions from application of subsections 1 and 2 for front seats and front seat passengers of motor vehicles owned, leased, rented, or primarily used by physically handicapped persons who use collapsible wheelchairs.
(Ord. 812, passed 5-3-93)

3-3A-446 Child restraint devices.

1. A child under three years of age who is being transported in a motor vehicle subject to registration which has a gross weight of ten thousand pounds or less as specified by the manufacturer, except a school bus or motorcycle, shall be secured during transit by a child restraint system which meets Federal motor vehicle safety standards and the system shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

2. A child at least three years of age but under six years of age who is being transported in a motor vehicle subject to registration which has a gross weight of ten thousand pounds or less as specified by the manufacturer, except a school bus or motorcycle, shall be secured during transit by either a child restraint system that meets Federal motor vehicle safety standards and is used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, or by a safety belt or safety harness of a type approved under section 321.445.

3. This section does not apply to nonresidents of Iowa or to peace officers acting on official duty. This section also does not apply to the transportation of children in 1965 model year or older vehicles. This section does not apply to the transportation of a child who has been certified by a physician licensed under Chapter 148, 150, or 150A as having a medical, physical, or mental condition which prevents or makes inadvisable securing the child in a child restraint system, safety belt or safety harness.

4. The operator who violates subsection 1 or 2 is guilty of a misdemeanor and subject only to the penalty provisions of 805.8, subsection 2, paragraph “t”.

5. A person who is first charged for a violation of subsection 1 and who has not purchased or otherwise acquired a child restraint system shall not be convicted if the person produces in court, within a reasonable time, proof that the person has purchased or otherwise acquired a child restraint system which meets Federal motor vehicle safety standards.

6. Failure to use a child restraint system, safety belts, or safety harnesses required by this section does not constitute negligence nor is the failure admissible as evidence in a civil action.

SIZE, WEIGHT, AND LOAD

3-3A-466 Increased loading capacity – reregistration.

1. An increased gross weight registration may be obtained for any vehicle by payment of the difference between the annual fee for the higher gross weight and the amount of the fee for the gross weight at which it is registered.

2. During or after the seventh month of a current registration year, the owner of a motor truck, truck tractor, road tractor, semitrailer or trailer may, if the owner’s operation has not resulted in a conviction or action pending under this section, increase the gross weight of the vehicle to a higher gross weight classification by payment of one-twelfth of the difference between the annual fee for the higher gross weight and the amount of the fee for the gross weight at which it is registered, multiplied by the number of unexpired months of the registration year.

3. Upon conversion of a truck to a truck tractor or a truck tractor to a truck, an increased gross weight registration of the proper type may be obtained for the vehicle by payment, except as provided in section 321.106, of one-twelfth of the difference between the annual fee for the higher gross weight and the amount of the annual fee for the gross weight at which the vehicle is registered, multiplied by the number of unexpired months of the registration year from the date of the conversion.

4. The registered gross weight of any vehicle or combination of vehicles may also be increased by installing and using a properly registered auxiliary axle or axles, and the combined registered gross weight of such vehicle and auxiliary axle or axles shall determine the total registered gross weight thereof. No auxiliary axle may be used to convert a single axle to a tandem axle unless equipped with a device to equalize the load carried by the single axle and the said auxiliary axle when in tandem and when in motion or when standing, and the load transmitted to the highway by either the single axle or the auxiliary axle shall not exceed that permitted for any single axle, nor shall the load transmitted to the highway when in tandem and when in motion or when standing, exceed that permitted for any tandem axle.

5. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a motor truck, trailer, truck tractor, road tractor, semitrailer or combination thereof, or any such vehicle equipped with a transferable auxiliary axle or axles, on the public highways with a gross weight exceeding that for which it is registered by more than five percent of the gross weight for which it is registered, provided, however, that any vehicle or vehicle combination referred to herein, while carrying a load of raw farm products, soil fertilizers, including ground limestone, raw dairy products or livestock, live poultry, eggs, may be operated with a gross weight of twenty-five percent in excess of the gross weight for which it is registered.

6. For the purposes of this section cracked or ground soy beans, sargo, corn, wheat, rye, oats or other grain shall be deemed to be raw farm products, provided that such products are being directly delivered to a farm, from the place where the whole grain had been delivered from a farm for the purpose of cracking or grinding and immediate delivery to the farm to which such cracked or ground products are being delivered.

7. The truck operator shall have in the truck operator’s possession a receipt showing place of processing on the return trip.

FAWN BROOK ESTATES ENFORCEMENT

3-3A-467 The vehicular traffic provisions and all other provisions of the Maquoketa Code of Ordinances shall be enforced within the Fawn Brook Estates by the law enforcement officials of the City of Maquoketa. (Ord. 767, 9-3-91)

3-3A-468 WEIGHT RESTRICTIONS – CITY STREETS

l. When signs are erected giving notice thereof, no person shall operate any vehicle with a gross weight in excess of six (6) tons at any time upon any street that is not named as part of the truck route set forth in Subsection 2 of this Section.

2. Every motor vehicle weighing six (6) tons or more, when 1oaded or empty, having no fixed terminal within the City or making nonscheduled or definite stops within the City for the purpose of loading or unloading shall travel over or upon the following streets within the City and none other:

A. Business Highway 61 (Main Street) from the South City Limits to
the North end of the Maquoketa River Bridge where the street becomes the Old Hurstville Road or to the intersection of North Main and Pershing Street

B. Pershing Street from North Main to Iowa Highway 62

C. Iowa Highway 64 (Platt Street) from the West City Limit to the East City Limits

D. East Summit Street from South Main Street to the intersection with Jacobsen Drive

E. Jacobsen Drive from Summit Street to Iowa Highway 64 (Platt Street)
F. Maple Street from Jacobsen Drive to Clark Street

G. Clark Street from Maple Street to Iowa Highway 64 (Platt Street)

H. North Dearborn Street from Iowa Highway 64 (Platt Street) to Quarry Street

I. Quarry Street from North Dearborn Street to North Main

J. U.S. Highway 61 from the South City Limits to the North City Limits

K. McKinsey Drive from West Platt Street to German Street.
(Ord. 795, passed 8-3-92)

3. Any motor vehicle weighing six (6) tons or more, when loaded or empty, having a fixed terminal, making a scheduled or definite stop within the City for the purpose of loading or unloading shall proceed over or upon the designated routes set out in subsection 2 of this section to the nearest point of its scheduled or definite stop and shall proceed thereto, load or unload and return, by the most direct route to its point of departure from said designated route.

4. It shall be a violation of this section for the owner or operator or lessor of any vehicle to operate or require or knowingly permit the operation of such vehicle upon a street in any manner contrary to this section.

5. This section 3-3A-468 shall not apply to anyone who operates a vehicle enroute to and from their place of residence or business.
(Ord. 769, 11-4-91)

3-3A-469 Load Restriction: Maquoketa River Bridge. No person shall operate any vehicle with a gross vehicle weight in excess of ten (10) tons at any time upon the City-County Bridge over the Maquoketa River. (Ord. 840, 7-18-94)

3-3A-470 Loud and excessive noise: No person shall drive a motor vehicle on any street or alley of this City in a manner to cause loud and excessive noise by squealing tires or racing the motor of a motor vehicle.
(Ord. 784, 5-18-92)
(Ord. 991, Passed April 19, 2004)

3-3A-471 Engine Brakes and Compression Brakes:

1. It shall be unlawful for the driver of any vehicle to use or operate or cause to be used or operated within the City of Maquoketa, Iowa any engine brake, compression brake or mechanical exhaust device designed to aid in the braking or deceleration of any such vehicle that results in excessive, loud, unusual or explosive noise from such vehicle, except in response to an imminent traffic accident.

2. The usage of an engine brake, compression brake, compression brake or mechanical exhaust device designed to aid in braking or deceleration in such a manner so as to be audible at a distance of three hundred feet (300’) from the motor vehicle shall constitute evidence of a prima facie violation of this section.

3. The scheduled fine for a violation of this Section shall be one hundred dollars ($100.00).
(Ord. 979, Passed September 3, 2002)

Subchapter 3B Parking Regulations

3-3B-1 MANNER OF PARKING
3-3B-2 THEATERS, HOTELS AND AUDITORIUMS
3-3B-3 STREET CORNERS AND HYDRANTS
3-3B-4 PARKING ON SIDEWALK
3-3B-5 ANGLE PARKING
3-3B-6 BLOCKING PRIVATE DRIVE
3-3B-7 PROHIBITED PARKING
3-3B-8 ABANDONED VEHICLES
3-3B-9 TIME DESIGNATED FOR CERTAIN STREETS
3-3B-10 NO PARKING SIGNS
3-3B-11 PRESUMPTION AS TO ILLEGAL PARKING
3-3B-12 RESTRICTED PARKING
3-3B-13 RESTRICTED PARKING
3-3B-14 HANDICAPPED PARKING
3-3B-15 RESERVED PARKING
3-3B-16 SNOW ROUTE DESIGNATED
3-3B-17 SNOW REMOVAL EMERGENCY
3-3B-18 PARKING RESTRICTIONS
3-3B-19 LIMITATIONS
3-3B-20 PENALTIES
3-3B-21 RESTRICTED ZONES – STREETS
3-3B-22 RESTRICTED ZONES – PARKING LOTS
3-3B-23 DUTY OF POLICE OFFICER
3-3B-24 TRUCK, BOAT, AND TRAILER PARKING
3-3B-25 PARKING VIOLATIONS – PENALTIES

3-3B-1 MANNER OF PARKING. It shall be unlawful to stop a motor vehicle on a street unless the right side wheels of the vehicle are parallel and within six inches (6″) of the curb or edge of the roadway and vehicle headed in the direction of traffic, except when necessary in obedience to traffic signs, regulations, or signals, or unless signs or markings indicate that the vehicle shall be parked at an angle to the curb.

It shall be unlawful to park any motor vehicle upon any street or City parking lot where parking areas are marked or painted upon the surface on the street or parking lot unless such vehicle is parked within the marked or painted lines.

In places where stopping for the loading or unloading of merchandise or materials can be done with reasonable safety and without blocking traffic flow, vehicle may back into the curb to load or unload, but only for a time no longer than is necessary for the expeditious loading or unloading.

3-3B-2 THEATERS, HOTELS, AND AUDITORIUMS. A space of twenty-five feet (25′) is hereby reserved at the side of the street in front of a theater, auditorium, or hotel having more than twenty-five (25) sleeping rooms, or other building where large assemblages of people are being held, within which space when clearly marked as such, no motor vehicle shall be left standing parked, or stopped, except in taking on or discharging passengers, or freight and then only for such length of time as is necessary for such purpose.

3-3B-3 STREET CORNERS AND HYDRANTS. No operator of any motor vehicle shall leave such vehicle standing upon any street within five feet (5′) of the corner or within five feet (5′) of any hydrant.

3-3B-4 PARKING ON SIDEWALK. It shall be unlawful for any vehicle to be parked across, upon or in any manner to restrict the use of the sidewalk.

3-3B-5 ANGLE PARKING. Upon those streets which have been marked or signed for angle parking, vehicles shall be parked at the angle to the curb indicated by such marks or signs, and the Chief of Police shall determine upon what streets angle parking shall be permitted and shall mark or sign such streets or cause the same to be marked or signed.

3-3B-6 BLOCKING PRIVATE DRIVE. It shall be unlawful for any automobile or other vehicle to block a private drive.

3-3B-7 PROHIBITED PARKING. It shall hereafter be illegal for any person to park any vehicle in the following area:

1. On either side of South Main Street from Summit Street to the South Corporate line of the City.

2. On either side of Vermont Street from Summit Street to Washington Street.

3. On either side of Washington Street from Vermont Street to fifty feet (50′) East of the exit of the High School Drive.

4. On either side of West Platt Street, West of Second Street.

5. On either side of U.S. Highway 61 By-pass from the intersection of the North line of the City limits and U.S. Highway 61 By-pass to the intersection of the South line of the City limits and U.S. Highway St By-pass.

6. On the West side of South Otto Street from East Platt Street to East Locust Street.

7. On the South side of Kathey Drive from the Northwest corner of Lot 214 of the Meadowdale First Addition.

8. On the North side of Kathey Drive from the Southwest corner of Lot 46 of the Meadowdale First Addition to the Southeast corner of Lot 44 of the Meadowdale First Addition.

9. On the East side of South Vermont Street from West Platt Street to West Summit Street.

10. On the north and south side of West Grove Street from Decker Street to North Fifth Street (Ord. No. 1070, 5/18/09)

11. On the West side of North Niagara Street from West Platt Street to a point 50 feet (50’) North of the North right-of-way line on West Platt Street. (Ord. No 1077, 12-21-09)

12. On the North side of James Street from Second Street to North Niagara Street.

13. On the North side of East Maple Street from Main Street to Olive Street.

14. On the East side of Western Avenue from the Southwest corner of Lot 13 to the Southwest corner of Lot 21, Thomas Subdivision in the City.

15. On the East side of Arcade Street from West Platt Street to West Grove Street.

16. On the North side of East Summit Street for a distance of ninety feet (90’) East of the intersection of said street with South Main Street (Ord. No. 1069, 5-4-09)

17. On the South side of West Summit for a distance of one hundred and forty-one feet (141′) West of the intersection of West Summit Street with South Main Street.

18. On the North side of West Quarry Street from North Second Street to North Arcade Street. School Bus Vehicles that are boarding and delivering students to Briggs Elementary School shall be exempt from this subsection.
(Ord. 914, Passed February 15, 1999)

19. On the West side of South Otto Street from East Platt Street to East Pleasant Street. This Ordinance shall be in effect from 2:00 a.m. on the last Sunday in the month of April to 2:00 a.m. on the last Sunday in the month of October.

20. On the West side of Jacobsen Drive between East Summit Street and East Maple Street.

21. On the North side of Maple Street from Eliza Street to a point five hundred feet (500′) East of the East line of Clark Street.
22. On the East side of South Clark Street from East Maple to East Pleasant Street.

23. On the West side of South Clark Street from East Maple to East Locust Street.

24. On the East side of North Vermont Street from West Platt Street to West Quarry Street.

25. On the South side of Emma Street.

26. A) On the West side of South Otto Street from East Platt Street to East Locust.

B) On the East side of South Matteson Street from Platt Street to the alley between Platt Street and Pleasant Street.

27. On the West side of South Vermont Street between points as follows:

A) The Northeast corner of Lot 77, and the Southeast corner of Lot 75, Eddy’s Second Addition to the City of Maquoketa, Jackson County, Iowa; and,

B) On the remainder of the West side of South Vermont Street between the hours of four o’clock (4:00) p.m. on Saturday through twelve o’clock (12:00) noon on Sunday.

28. For a period of time of more than fifteen (15) minutes on the East side of South Main Street in the two hundred (200) block in the two parking spaces so designed as restricted parking located in front of the Maquoketa Municipal Electric Office from the hours of 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday.

29. On the East and West sides of Western Avenue from West Platt Street to a point 267 feet South of the South right-of-way line on West Platt Street. (Ord. 703, 1-16-89)

30. On the East and West sides of Creslane from West Platt Street to a point 75 feet North of the North right-of-way line on West Platt Street. (Ord. 703, 1-16-89)

31. On the East side of South Fifth Street from West Pleasant Street to West Locust Street.

32. On the East side of Creslane from West Platt Street to a point 640 feet North of the North right-of-way line on West Platt Street.

33. On the South side of West Grove Street from a point 200 feet West of the visitor parking driveway of the Jackson County Public Hospital.

34. On the North side of West Grove from a point 130 feet East of Beautiful Savior Lutheran Church driveway, West to a point on the East side of the driveway of the Beautiful Savior Lutheran Church. (Ord. 780, 3-2-92)

35. On the North side of West Judson between South Second Street and South
Fifth Street. (Ord. 878, 7-15-96)

36. On the east side of Jacobson Drive from Platt Street (US HWY 64) south
350 feet (Ord 964, 4-1-02)

37. On the east and west side of Myatt Drive from Summit Street south to the
City Limits (Ord 970, 5-6-02)

38. On the north and south side of 17th Street from South Main to 211th Avenue

39. On the north and south side of 13th Street from 211th Avenue east to City Limits

40. On both sides of 211th Avenue from 17th Street south to City Limits.
(Ord. No. 1050, 10-01-07; Ord. 1071, 5-18-09)

41. On the west side of Western Avenue from Wesley Drive south 100 feet

42. On the west side of Western Avenue from Wesley Drive north 96 feet

43. One the south side of Wesley Drive from Western Avenue west 82 feet

44. On the north side of Wesley Drive from Western Avenue west 66 feet
(Ord. No. 1055, 04-21-08)

45. On the South side of East Summit from South Main Street to Matteson Street (Ord. 1069, 5-4-09)

46. There shall be no parking on the West side of Eddy
Place from Eddy Street 85 feet South from 8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. Monday-Friday
(Ord. 1112, 7-1-13)

47. There shall be no parking on the North side of Eddy Street 140 feet from Jones Avenue running East from 8:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. Monday-Friday (Ord. 1112, 7-1-13)

48. No parking on the 122 feet of the street running south from Kathey Drive to Burlingame Field. (Ord. 1114, 9-16-13)

49. No parking on the North side of East Judson from Clark Street west 97 feet.
(Ord. 1115, 9-16-13)

3-3B-8 ABANDONED VEHICLES. Except within the parking meter wherein certain express rules and regulations prevail as therein fixed, the operator of a vehicle shall not park, abandon, leave, or store the vehicle in or along any of the streets, alleys, public parking lot or lots or areas privately owned by the City for a continuous period of time longer than twenty-four (24) hours.
(Ord. 991, Passed April 19, 2004)

3-3B-9 TIME DESIGNATED FOR CERTAIN STREETS

1. It shall hereafter be illegal for any person to park any vehicle on the following streets after eleven o’clock (11:00) p.m. until seven o’clock (7:00) a.m. when designated by proper signs:

A) On Main Street from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

B) On Platt Street from Second Street to Olive Street.

C) On Olive Street from Pleasant Street to Quarry Street.
(Ord. 925, Passed November 15, 1999)
D) On Second Street from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

E) On James Street from Main Street to Second Street.

F) On Pleasant Street from Olive Street to Second Street.
(C.233, 2-3-59)

2. It shall hereafter be illegal for any person to park any vehicle on the following streets on Monday-Friday between the hours of two o’clock (2:00) a.m. to five o’clock (5:00) a.m.

A) On Main Street from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

B) On Platt Street from Second Street to Olive Street.

C) On Second Street from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

D) On Olive Street from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

E) On Maple Street from Second Street to Main Street.

F) On Pleasant Street from Second Street to Olive Street.

3. It shall hereafter be illegal for any person to park any vehicle for more than two (2) hours on the South side of Maple Street from Otto Street to a point three hundred feet (300′) East of the East line of Clark Street on Monday through Saturday between the hours of seven o’clock (7:00) a.m. and six o’clock (6:00) p.m.

4. It shall be hereafter be illegal for any person to park any vehicle for more than two (2) hours on the West side of South Clark Street from East Maple Street to East Pleasant Street.

5. It shall be hereafter illegal for any person to park any vehicle for more than two (2) hours on the North and South side of the 100 block of East Quarry on Monday through Friday between the hours of eight o’clock (8:00) a.m. and five o’clock (5:00) p.m. (Ord. 1085, passed 9-20-10)

3-3B-10 NO PARKING SIGNS. Where because of restrictions of visibility or where standing or parking vehicles would be a hazard or obstruction to traffic, the Chief of Police as traffic conditions require, may cause curbings to be painted with a yellow color or cause no parking or no standing signs to be erected prohibiting parking or standing, and it shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to stand or park a vehicle in an area so painted or where such a sign is posted.

3-33-11 PRESUMPTION AS TO ILLEGAL PARKING. The fact that a vehicle which is charged with being illegally parked or standing is registered in the name of a person shall be considered prima facie proof that such person parked or placed such vehicle where the violation occurred.

3-3B-12 RESTRICTED PARKING. It shall be unlawful to park any vehicle:

1. On the East side of Niagara Street from West Platt to a point one hundred twenty-five feet (125′) South of West Platt for more than fifteen (15) minutes.

2. Other than an “Authorized Emergency Vehicle” on the East side of Niagara Street from a point one hundred twenty-five feet (125′) South of West Platt Street to a point one hundred sixty-eight feet (168′) South of West Platt Street. “Authorized Emergency Vehicle” means vehicles of the Fire Department, Police vehicles, Sheriff’s vehicles, ambulances, and emergency vehicles owned by the United States, State of Iowa, or any municipalities, and such privately owned emergency vehicles as are designated or authorized by the Chief of Police.

4. For a period of time of more than fifteen (15) minutes on the East Side of the 100 Block of North Main Street the first two parking spaces.
(Ord No 953 – 6-4-01)

5. For a period of time of more than fifteen (15) minutes on the South side of the
100 block of East Platt Street in the first space East of Main Street.
(Ord. 828, 3-21-94)

6. For a period of time of more than fifteen (15) minutes in front of 113 North Main Street.
(Ord No 953- 6-4-01)

7. For a period of time of more than fifteen minutes in front of 102 North
Otto Street
(Ord No 962 – 1-30-02)

3-3B-13 RESTRICTED PARKING. It shall hereafter be illegal to park any vehicle on the North side of West Summit Street between South Main Street and South Second Street, Mondays through Fridays between the hours of nine o’clock (9:00) a.m. to four o’clock (4:00) p.m.

3-3B-14 HANDICAPPED PARKING. It shall hereafter be illegal to park any vehicle not displaying special identification issued to handicapped persons by the Iowa Department of Transportation in parking spaces designated as reserved spaces by signs bearing the international symbol of accessibility.

3-3B-15 RESERVED PARKING: The City Manager is hereby authorized to designate parking spaces in Penrose Parking Lot, Library Parking Lot and the Southern portion of the City Parking Lot in the middle of South Olive Street as reserved parking spaces. These spaces shall be leased as reserved parking spaces for nine dollars ($9.00) per month. Each space shall be numbered and a reserved parking tag number shall be issued to the lessee. This tag will be displayed hanging from the rear view mirror of the vehicle being parked in the reserved space. If the tag is not displayed the vehicle will be ticketed. It shall hereafter be illegal to park any vehicle in the Library Lot, Penrose Lot or the Southern portion of the lot in the middle of South Olive without first leasing such parking space.
(Ord. 689, passed 3-4-96)

3-3B-16 SNOW ROUTE DESIGNATED. The following public streets within the
City are hereby designated official snow routes, and shall be so identified by signs conforming to Iowa State Department of Transportation guidelines:

1. Main Street from the South City limits to Maple Street.

2. Main Street from Quarry Street to Pershing Road.

3. Platt Street from the West City limits to Second Street.

4. Platt Street from Olive Street to the East City limits.

5. Summit Street from West City limits to Jacobsen Drive.

6. Jacobsen Drive.

7. West Maple Street from Main Street to East City limits.

8. North Arcade from Platt Street to West Grove Street.

9. Niagara Street from West Grove Street to West Monroe.

10. Matteson Street from East Apple Street to East Summit.

11. Grove Street from North Arcade to North Walnut.

12. Pershing Road from Main Street to East Corporate limits.

13. Walnut Street from Platt Street to Pershing Road.

14. Quarry Street from North Arcade to North Walnut.

3-3B-17 SNOW REMOVAL EMERGENCY. A snow removal emergency shall be deemed to exist after an accumulation of three inches (3″) or more of snow, or after declaration of a snow removal emergency by a public radio announcement, and shall be deemed to continue for a period of twenty-four (24) hours thereafter unless such period of time shall be shortened or extended by declaration of the Director of Public Works or City Manager through a public radio announcement.

3-3B-18 PARKING RESTRICTIONS.

A. It shall be unlawful for any person to park or leave unattended or unoccupied any vehicle upon a designated snow route within the City, during the existence of a snow removal emergency.

B. On streets of the City, it shall be unlawful for any person to park or leave unattended or unoccupied any vehicle in a parking place that has not been cleared of snow. (Ord. 827, 3-21-94) (Ord. 1102, 1-3-12)

3-3B-19 LIMITATIONS: The parking restrictions in Section 3-3B-18 above, shall be inapplicable to vehicles parked upon a street within a City block in any designated snow route that has been cleared of snow from curb to curb, for the entire length of the block.

3-3B-20 PENALTIES. Any vehicle parked or left unattended upon a designated snow route in violation of this subchapter may be towed or removed at its owner’s expense through police authorization, and the owner of any vehicle parked or left unattended in violation of this subchapter shall be subject to fine for illegal parking.

3-3B-21 RESTRICTED ZONES – STREETS. It shall be unlawful to park any vehicle in a parking space for more than two consecutive hours between the hours of nine o’clock (9:00) a.m. and five o’clock (5:00) p.m. except on Sundays, and the first day of January, the last Monday in May, the fourth day of July, the first Monday in September, the fourth Thursday in November, and the twenty-fifth day of December, in the following areas:

1. Main Street, from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

2. Platt Street, from Olive Street to Second Street.

3. Pleasant Street, from Olive Street to Second Street.

4. Second Street, from James Street to Pleasant Street.

5. Olive Street, from Pleasant Street to Quarry Street.

6. The South side of James Street, from North Main Street to North Second Street.

7. The East side of South Olive Street in the 200 Block from the North boundary line of Lot 1 to the South boundary line of Lot 4 of Block 9 in the Original Town Addition.

8. The South side of East Pleasant Street in the 200 Block along the North boundary line of Lot 1 of Block of the Original Town Addition.

9. North Fifth Street from Quarry Street to Decker Street.
(Ord. 911, Passed November 16, 1998)

9A. North and South side of East Quarry from North Main to North Olive
(Ord. 992, Passed May 17, 2004)
(Ord. 1086, Passed Oct 4, 2010)

3-3B-22 RESTRICTED ZONES – PARKING LOTS. It shall be unlawful to park any vehicle in a parking space for more than three consecutive hours between the hours of nine o’clock (9:00) a.m. and seven o’clock (7:00) p.m., except Sundays, and the first day of January, the last Monday in May, the fourth day of July, the first Monday in September, the fourth Thursday in November, and the twenty-fifth day of December, in the following areas:
(Ord. 917, 5-17-99)

1. Parking Lot No. 3, at the Southeast corner of Platt Street and Second Street.

2. Parking Lot No. 4, between the public alley and Olive Street in the block bounded by Main Street, Platt Street, Olive Street and Pleasant Street.

3. Parking Lot No. 5, located in the center of the block bounded by Platt Street, Second Street, James Street and Main Street.

3-3B-22A RESTRICTED PARKING FOR FARMER’S MARKET. It shall be unlawful to park any vehicle in a parking space in Parking Lot No. 3, at the Southeast corner of Platt Street and Second Street, on Saturdays between the hours of 6:00 o’clock a.m. and noon during the period from May 1st to October 31st each year. This shall not apply to any vehicle from which goods are sold in the farmer’s market.
(Ord. No. 1014, 10-17-05)

3-3B-23 DUTY OF POLICE OFFICER. A Police Officer or other person acting under the direction of the Chief of Police shall affix to any vehicle parked in violation of this Ordinance, a notice stating that the owner or operator may within fourteen (14) days after the time that such notice was given, pay the Chief of Police in full satisfaction of such violation, the sum of seven dollars and 50 cents ($7.50).

After a period of fourteen (14) days has been expired from the date of the violation, and the sum of seven dollars and 50 cents ($7.50) has not been paid to the Chief of Police, then the Chief of Police shall file a complaint for the violation with the Clerk of Court.
(Ord. No. 1012, 10-3-05)

3-3B-24 TRUCK, BOAT, AND TRAILER PARKING. It shall be unlawful to park a truck of over three-quarter (3/4) ton, manufacturer’s rated capacity, or to
park any converted bus, truck-tractor, trailer or semitrailer, or boat, on any street or public alley in the City; provided, that this section does not apply to trucks, semitrailer, or trailer being used for the purpose of delivering or collecting goods, wares, merchandise for longer than is necessary for the expeditious delivery or collection thereof, and in no event for a period of time to exceed three (3) hours, nor does it apply to trucks, semitrailers or trailers being used in construction; and provided further that no trucks of three-quarter ton or less, manufacturer’s rated capacity, carrying livestock shall park at any time on the following streets:

1. Second Street from Pleasant Street to Olive Street.

2. Main Street from Maple Street to Quarry Street.

3. Platt Street from Second Street to Eliza Street,

4. Pleasant Street from Niagara Street to Eliza Street.

5. Olive Street from Pleasant Street to Quarry Street.

(Ord. 631, 9-6-83)

(Ord. 806, 3-1-93)

3-3B-25 PARKING VIOLATIONS – PENALTIES.
(Ord. 847, 11-7-94)
(Ord. No. 948, 2-23-01)
Repealed by the provisions of Ord. 956.

Subchapter 3C Speed Regulations

3-3C-1 Repealed – Refer to 3-3A-285
Ord. 763, 8-19-91

Subchapter 3D One-Way Streets and Alleys

3-3D-1 One Way Street – James
3-3D-2 One Way Alley – Block 3 Original Town
3-3D-3 One Way Alley – Block 10 Original Town
3-3D-4 One Way Alley – Block 18 Original Town
3-3D-5 Between Olive & Eliza going from East Platt to East Pleasant

3-3D-1 ONE WAY STREET. James Street is hereby designated as a one-way street and all vehicles shall proceed East thereon from Second Street to Main Street. (Ord. 438, 2-7-72)

3-3D-2 ONE WAY ALLEY: BLOCK 3: That portion of Shaw’s Alley running North from Pleasant Street to Truax’s Alley as shown on the plat recorded in Book P, Page 423, Office of Recorder, Jackson County, Iowa, is hereby designated as a one-way alley and all vehicles shall proceed North from Pleasant Street to Truax’s
Alley. (Ord. 590; 7-20-81)

3-3D-3 (Deleted in its entirety, Ord. 905, passed 8-3-98)

3-3D-4 ONE WAY ALLEY: BLOCK 18: That portion of the South 300 feet of the alley between Main and Olive Street going from East Platt Street to East Quarry Street identified as located in Block 18 of the Original Town in the City of Maquoketa is hereby designated as a one-way alley and all vehicles shall proceed South from that portion of the alley to East Platt.
(Ord. 749; 3-18-91)

3-3D-5 The portion of the South 230 feet of the alley between Olive and Eliza going from East Platt to East Pleasant Street is hereby designated as a one-way alley and all vehicles shall proceed North from Pleasant Street to that portion of the alley 230 feet north.
(Ord. No. 1083, 3-1-10)

Subchapter 3E Arterial Streets

3-3E-l ARTERIAL STREETS DESIGNATED.

3-3E-1 ARTERIAL STREETS DESIGNATED. All of Main Street; all of Platt Street; Pleasant Street from Prospect Street to Matteson Avenue; West Summit Street from Main Street to and including Western Avenue; Quarry Street from Vermont Street to and including Dearborn Street; Maple Street from and including Fourth Street to Niagara Street; Maple Street from Niagara Street to Main Street; Maple Street from Olive Street to Matteson Avenue; Maple Street from Matteson Avenue to and including Clark Street; Locust Street from Main Street to Vermont Street; Matteson Avenue from Platt Street to East Judson Street; Olive Street from Pleasant Street to Locust Street; Niagara Street from Pleasant Street to Locust Street; are hereby designated as arterial highways and all vehicles shall stop or yield before entering such streets from intersecting streets, private drives, and alleys. (C. 223, 2-23-59)

Subchapter 3F School Zones

3-3F-1 LEGISLATIVE DIRECTION
3-3F-2 CONTROL DEVICES

3-3F-1 LEGISLATIVE DIRECTION. Subject to the legislative direction of the Council, the Chief of Police is hereby empowered to designate by appropriate devices, markings or lines upon the surface of the roadway, or crosswalks at intersections, such zones, and to place appropriate traffic control devices to regulate traffic.

3-3F-2 CONTROL DEVICES. All traffic control devices shall comply with standards established by the Manual of Uniform Control Devices for Streets and Highways.

Subchapter 3G Stop and Yield Intersections

3-3G-1 STOP INTERSECTIONS
3-3G-2 YIELD INTERSECTIONS

3-3G-1 STOP INTERSECTIONS. The stop intersections listed in this Section are hereby authorized and all vehicles shall come to a full stop before entering such streets from intersecting streets or private drives.

1. Stop at Walnut Street on Grove Street going East.

2. Stop at Walnut Street on Grove Street going West.

3. Stop at Quarry Street on Fifth Street going North.

4. Stop at Quarry Street on Fifth Street going South.

5. Stop at Niagara Street on Pleasant Street going East.

6. Stop at Niagara Street on Pleasant Street going West.

7. Stop at Pleasant Street on Olive Street going North.

8. Stop on Pleasant Street on Olive Street going South.

9. Stop at Clark Street on Pleasant Street going East.

10. Stop at Grove Street on Niagara Street going North.

11. Stop at Quarry Street on Walnut Street going North.

12. Stop at Quarry Street on Walnut Street going South.

13. Stop at Vermont Street on Dunham Court going West.

14. Stop at Locust Street on Niagara Street going North.

15. Stop at Locust Street on Niagara Street going South.

16. Stop at Fifth Street on Washington Street going West.

17. Stop at Fifth Street on Washington going East.

18. Stop at Summit Street on Fifth going North.

19. Stop at Summit Street on Vermont going North.

20. Stop at Washington Street on Vermont going South.

21. Stop at intersection of Washington Street and Vermont Street on Unnamed
Street going East.

22. Stop at Washington Street and East exit on High School Drive.

23. Stop at Summit Street on Fifth Street going South.

24. Stop at Vermont Street on Locust Street going West.

25. Stop at Vermont Street on Quarry Street going West.

26. Stop at Vermont Street on Quarry Street going East.

27. Stop at Maple Street on Matteson Street going North.

28. Stop at Maple Street on Matteson Street going South.

29. Stop at Grove Street on Fifth Street going North.

30. Stop at Second Street on James Street going East.

31. Stop at Judson Street on Eliza Street going South.

32. Stop at Niagara Street on James Street going West.

33. Stop at Niagara Street on James Street going East.

34. Stop at Quarry Street on Niagara Street going North.

35. Stop at Quarry Street on Niagara Street going South.

36. Stop at Quarry Street on Second Street going North.

37. Stop at Quarry Street on Second Street going South.

38. Stop at Quarry Street on Olive Street going North.

39. Stop at Quarry Street on Olive Street going South.

40. Stop at Quarry Street on Matteson Street going North.

4l. Stop at Quarry Street on Matteson Street going South.

42. Stop at Pleasant Street on Second Street going North.

43. Stop at Pleasant Street on Second Street going South.

44. Stop at Matteson Street on Pleasant Street going East.

45. Stop at Matteson Street on Pleasant Street going West.

46. Stop at Maple Street on Second Street going North.

47. Stop at Maple Street on Second Street going South.

48. Stop at Maple Street on Eliza Street going North.

49. Stop at Maple Street on Eliza Street going South.

50. Stop at Maple Street on Otto Street going North.

51. Stop at Maple Street on Otto Street going South.

52. Stop at Maple Street on Clark Street going North.

53. Stop at Maple Street on Clark Street going South,

54. Stop at Summit Street on Niagara Street going North.

55. Stop at Summit Street on Niagara Street going South.

56. Stop at Locust Street on Prospect Street going North.

57. Stop at Locust Street on Prospect Street going South.

58. Stop at Summit Street on Western Avenue going South.

59. Stop at Niagara Street on Maple Street going East.

60. Stop at Niagara Street on Maple Street going West.

61. Stop at Quarry Street on Decker Street going North.

62. Stop at Quarry Street on Dearborn Street going North.

63. Stop at Quarry Street on Dearborn Street going South.

64. Stop at Olive Street on Maple Street going East.

65. Stop at Olive Street on Maple Street going West.

66. Stop at Eliza Street on Locust Street going East.

67. Stop at Eliza Street on Locust Street going West.

68. Stop at Judson Street on Eliza Street going North.

69. Stop at Arcade Street on Quarry Street going West.

70. Stop at Monroe Street on Second Street going South.

7l. Stop at Apple Street on Olive Street going South.

72. Stop at Apple Street on Olive Street going North.

73. Stop at Otto Street on Apple Street going East.

74. Stop at Otto Street on Apple Street going West.

75. Stop at Quarry Street on Otto Street going South.

76. Stop at Quarry Street on Otto Street going North.

77. Stop at Quarry Street on Eliza Street going North.

78. Stop at Quarry Street on Eliza Street going South.

79. 4-Way stop at the intersection of Fifth Street and Quarry Street.

80. 4-Way stop at the intersection of Pleasant Street and Olive Street.

81. Stop at Summit Street on Melrose Street going North.

82. Stop at Apple Street on Eliza Street going North.

83. Stop at Apple Street on Eliza Street going South.

84. Stop at Pershing Road on County Road Street going South.

85. Stop at Summit Street on Jones Avenue going South.

86. Stop at Locust Street on Olive Street going South.

87. Stop at Eddy Street on Vermont Street going North, East and South, whenever the school crossing stop sign is in place.

88. Stop at Summit Street on Vermont Street going South.

89. Stop at Decker Street on West Quarry Street going East and West, whenever the school crossing stop sign is in place.

90. Stop at extension on Washington Street on Vermont Street going South.

91. Stop at South Fifth Street on Extension of Washington Street going East.

92. Stop at Pleasant Street on Eliza going North or South.

93. Stop at Niagara Street on Apple Street going East or West.

94. Stop at Jacobsen Dr. on Maple Street going East or West.

95. Stop at Niagara Street on Washington going East or West.

96. Stop at Olive Street on Locust Street going East or West.

97. Stop at Pershing Road on Dearborn Street going North.

98. Stop at Maple Street on Clark Street going North or South.

99. Stop at Main Street on Monroe Street going East or West.

100. Stop at Main Street on Jefferson Street going West.

10l. Stop at Main Street on Summit Street going East or West.

102. Stop at Main Street on Judson Street going West.

103. Stop at Main Street on Locust Street going East or West.

104. Stop at Main Street on Maple Street going East or West.

105. Stop at Main Street on James Street going East.

106. Stop at Main Street on Apple Street going East or West.

107. Stop at Main Street on Grove Street going East or West.

108. Stop at Main Street on North Street going West.

109. Stop at South Fifth Street going West on West Monroe Street.

110. Stop at Pershing Road going North on Cardinal Drive.

111. Stop at Fourth Street on Washington Street going West.

112. Stop at Fourth Street on Washington Street going East.

113. Stop at German Street on McKinsey Drive going North.

114. Stop at Second Street on Jefferson Street going East.

115. Stop at West Summit Street on Rosemere Lane going South.

116. Stop at Myatt Drive on Country Club Drive going East.

117. Stop at Fifth Street on Jefferson Street going West.

118. Stop at Niagara Street on Jefferson Street going West.

119. Stop at Monroe Street on Fourth Street going South.

120. Stop at Washington Street on Fourth Street going South.

121. Stop at Fifth Street on Maple Street going West.

122. Stop at Pleasant Street on Fifth Street going North.

123. Stop at Apple Street on Decker Street going South.

124. Stop at German Street on Maquoketa Park Apartments Road going South.

125. Stop at Summit Street on Second Street going North.

126. Stop at Summit Street on Second Street going South.

127. Stop at Second Street on Apple Street going East.

128. Stop at Second Street on Apple Street going West.

129. Stop at North Matteson Street on North Clark Street going West.

130. Stop at James Street on North Second Street going North.

13l. Stop at Main Street on North Street going West.

132. Stop at Otto Street on North Street going East.

133. Stop at Grove Street on Otto Street going North.

134. Stop at Grove Street on Otto Street going South.

135. Stop at Eddy Street on South Vermont Street going North.

136. Stop at Eddy Street on South Vermont Street going South.

137. Stop at James Street on North Second Street going North.

138. Stop at South Vermont Street on Eddy Street going East.

139. Stop at Apple Street on North Decker going North.

140. Stop at Grove Street on North Fifth going South.

141. Stop at Prospect on Dunham Court going East. (Ord 879, 8-5-96)

142. Four-way stop at the intersection of North Niagara and West Quarry Street.

143. Stop at Farmland on Access Lane going East and going West.
(Ord. 918, 5-17-99)

144. Stop at U. S. Highway 61 on Summit Street going West.

145. Stop at U.S. Highway 61 on Summit Street going East.

146. Four-way stop at the intersection of U.S. Highway 61 and State Highway 64.

147. Stop at U.S. Highway 61 on German Street going West.

148. Repealed (Ord. No. 1078, 2-15-10)

149. Stop at West Platt Street on North James going South.

150. Stop at West Platt Street on Jones Avenue going North.

151. Stop at West Platt Street on Arcade Street going South.

152. Stop at West Platt Street on South Prospect going North.

153. Stop at West Platt Street on North Fifth going South.

154. Stop at West Platt Street on North Decker going South.

155. Stop at West Platt Street on North Second going South.

156. Stop at West Platt Street on South Second going North.

157. Stop at East Platt Street on North Eliza Street going South.

158. Stop at East Platt Street on South Eliza Street going North.

159. Stop at East Platt Street on North Otto going South.

160. Stop at East Platt Street on South Otto Street going North.

161. Stop at East Platt Street on North Matteson Street going South.

162. Stop at East Platt Street on South Matteson Street going North.

163. Stop at East Platt Street on South Clark Street going North.

164. Stop at East Platt Street on North Dearborn Street going South.

165. Stop at East Platt Street on South Dearborn Street going North.

166. Stop at East Platt Street on North Walnut Street going South.

167. Stop at East Platt Street on North Edna Street going South.

168. Stop at East Platt Street on North Anderson Street going South.

169. Stop at State Highway 64 on State Highway 62 going South.

170. Stop at State Highway 62 on State Highway 64 going West.

171. Stop at State Highway 64 on Jacobson Drive going North.

172. Stop at State Highway 62 on Iowa State University Avenue going West.

173. Stop at State Highway 62 on Ross River Road going South.

174. Stop at Dearborn Street on Apple Street going East.

175. Stop at Dearborn Street on Apple Street going West.

176. Stop at Locust Street on Fourth Street going South.

177. Stop at Locust Street on Fourth Street going North. (Ord 752, 5-6-91)

178. Stop at German Street on Creslane going North. (Ord. 796, 9-21-92)

179. Stop at Walnut Street on Quarry going East (Ord. 1005, 7-18-05)

180. Stop at Walnut Street on Quarry going West (Ord. 1005, 7-18-05)

181. Stop at North Fifth Street on Apple Street going West.
(Ord. 890, 8-4-97)

182. Stop at Myatt Drive on Moore Drive going West.
(Ord 891, 12-01-97)

183. Stop at East End of Moore Drive connecting to Frontage Road.
(Ord 892, 4-6-98)

184. Stop at Grove Street on Olive Street going North. (Ord. 896, 5-18-98)

185. Stop at Grove Street on Olive Street going South. (Ord. 896, 5-18-98)

186. Stop at Grove Street on Eliza Street going North. (Ord. 896, 5-18-98)

187. Stop at Grove Street on Eliza Street going South. (Ord. 896, 5-18-98)

188. Stop at Grove Street on Dearborn Street going North.
(Ord. 896, 5-18-98)

189. Stop at Grove Street on Dearborn Street going South,
(Ord, 896, 5-18-98)

190. Stop at Grove Street on Clark Street going North. (Ord. 896, 5-18-98)

191. Stop at Main Street on Pershing Road going West (Ord. 921, 11-1-99)

192. Stop at West Grove at Arcade going West (Ord 924, 11-15-99)

193. Stop at Arcade at West Grove going South (Ord 924, 11-15-99)

194. Stop at Arcade on West Grove going North (Ord 924, 11-15-99)

195. Stop at Highway 64 on Ehlers Lane Going South (Ord 930, 2-7-00)

196. Repealed (Ord. 963, 3-13-02) (Ord. No. 1078, 2-15-10)

197. Stop at Washington Street on Fifth Street going North (Ord. 1005, 7-18-05)

198. Stop at Washington Street on Fifth Street going South (Ord. 1005, 7-18-05)

199. Stop at Nairn Drive at David Street going West (Ord. 1007, 9-6-05)

200. Stop at Highway 61 on David Street going East (Ord. 1007, 9-6-05)

201. Stop at Highway 61 on Carlisle going East (Ord. 1007, 9-6-05)

202. Stop at Platt Street on Olive Street going North (Ord. 1010, 10-3-05)

203. Stop at Platt Street on Olive Street going South (Ord. 1010, 10-3-05)

204. Four-way stop at intersection of North Main Street and West Quarry (Ord. No. 1029, 09-05-06)

205. Stop at 200th Avenue on 17th Street going West (Ord. 1038, 11-20-06)

206. Stop at 17th Street on Timber Drive going South (Ord. 1038, 11-20-06)

207. Stop at Maple Street on Austin Avenue going South (Ord. 1058, 7-21-08)

208. Stop on East Pleasant Street at Clark going West (Ord. No. 1080, 2-15-10)

209. Stop at Washington Street on Niagara going South (Ord. No. 1093, 4-18-11)

210. Stop at Washington Street on Niagara going North (Ord. No. 1093, 4-18-11)

211. Stop at Monroe on 5th Street going North (Ord. No. 1097, 9-19-11)

212. Stop at Monroe on 5th Street going South (Ord. No. 1097, 9-19-11)

213. Stop at 5th Street on Monroe going West (Ord. No. 1097, 9-19-11)

214. Stop at Main on Pleasant going East (Ord. No. 1101, 12-19-11)

215. Stop at Main on Pleasant going West (Ord. No. 1101, 12-19-11)

216. Stop at Pleasant on Main going North (Ord. No. 1101, 12-19-11)

217. Stop at Pleasant on Main going South (Ord. No. 1101, 12-19-11)

218. Stop at Eliza on Quarry going East (Ord. No. 1116, 11-18-13)

219. Stop at Eliza on Quarry going West (Ord. No. 1116, 11-18-13)

3-3G-2 YIELD INTERSECTIONS. The yield intersections listed in the following sections are hereby authorized and all vehicles shall yield the right-of-way before entering such intersections.

1. Yield at Jefferson Street on Fourth Street going South.

2. Yield at Grove Street on Decker Street going North.

3. Yield at Grove Street on Second Street going North.

4. Yield at 2nd Street on Judson going East

5. Repealed (Ord. 895, 5-18-98)

6. Repealed (Ord. 895, 5-18-98)

7. Yield at Monroe Street on Niagara Street going South.

8. Yield at Jones Avenue on Thomas Avenue going East at both intersections of Jones Avenue and Thomas Avenue.

9. Yield at Walnut Street on Apple Street going East.

10. Yield at Quarry Street on Prospect Street going South.

11. Yield at Vermont Street on Emma Court going West.

12. Yield at Matteson Street on Locust Street going West.

13. Yield at Matteson Street on Locust Street going East.

14. Yield at Judson Street on Clark Street going South
(Ordinance No. 1000, Passed 1-3-05)

15. Yield at Vermont Street on Erie Street going East.

16. Repealed (Ord. 895, 5-18-98)

17. Repealed (Ord. 895, 5-18-98)

18. Repealed (Ord. 895, 5-18-98)

19. Yield at Fifth Street on Apple Street going West.

20. Yield at Fifth Street on Short Street going East.

21. Yield at Prospect Street on Pleasant Street going West.

22. Yield at Quarry Street on Edna Street going North.

23. Yield at Quarry Street on Anderson Street going North.

24. Yield at Jefferson Street on Fourth Street going North.

25. Yield at Cynthia Drive going South on Cardinal Drive.

26. Yield at Pleasant Street on Otto Street going South.

27. Yield at Pleasant Street on Otto Street going North.

28. Yield at Cardinal Drive going North on East Grove Street.

29. Yield at Locust Street on Fifth Street going North.

30. Yield at Locust Street on Fifth Street going South.

31. Yield at Cardinal Drive going East on Lisa Drive.

32. Yield at Niagara Street on Judson Street going East.

33. Yield at Niagara Street on Judson Street going West.

34. Yield at Lisa Drive going North on Cynthia Drive.

35. Yield at Matteson Street on Judson Street going East.

36. Yield at Matteson Street on Judson Street going West.

37. Yield at Summit Street on Fourth Street going South.

38. Yield at Summit Street on Prospect Street going South.

39. Yield at Summit Street on Eliza Street going South.

40. Yield at Summit Street on Allen Street going North.

41. Yield at Pershing Road on Butternut Street going North.

42. Yield at Pershing Road on Walnut Street going North.

43. Yield at Pershing Road on Otto Street going North.

44. Repealed. (Ord. 895, 5-18-98)

45. Yield at East Grove going South on Cynthia Drive.

46. Yield at Summit Street on Matteson Street going South.

47. Repealed. (Ord 929, 12-20-99)

48. Repealed (Ord 929, 12-20-99)

49. Yield at South Niagara Street on West Jefferson Street going West.

50. Yield at South Niagara Street on West Jefferson Street going East.

51. Yield at Grove Street on Butternut Street going South.

52. Yield at Grove Street on Kathey Drive going North.

53. Yield at Fourth Street on Judson Street going East or West.

54. Yield at Butternut Street going West on Lisa Drive.

55. Yield at Country Club Drive on Okeeta Drive going West.

56. Yield at Swagosa Drive on Country Club Drive going South.

57. Yield at Myatt Drive on Swagosa Drive going East.

58. Yield at Okeeta Drive on Country Club Drive going South.

59. Yield at Access Lane on Farmland Drive going North. (Ord. 918, 5-17-99)

60. Yield at Fifth Street on Judson Street going West.

61. Yield at Apple Street on Matteson Street going North.

62. Yield at Fifth Street on Circle Drive going West.

63. Yield at Arcade on German Street going East (Ord. 932, 3-20-00)

64. Yield at Jones on German Street going West (Ord. 932, 3-20-00)

65. Yield at Clark on Locust going East (Ord. 932, 3-20-00)

66. Yield at 5th Street on Emma Court going East (Ord. 932, 3-20-00)

67. Yield on Clark Street at Apple Street going South (Ord. 932, 3-20-00)

68. Yield on North Street Entering North Otto Street (Ord. 1027, 8-7-06)

69. Yield on North Eliza Street Entering North Street (Ord. 1027, 8-7-06)

70. Yield on North Olive Street Entering North Street (Ord. 1027, 8-7-06)

71. Yield at Pleasant Street on South Dearborn going South (Ord. 1081, 2/15/10)

72. Yield at Allen Street on Jefferson going East (Ord. 1108, 5/20/13)

SNOWMOBILES

3-3G-3 Registration and numbering required – competition registration. Every snowmobile used on public streets, highways, land or ice of this State shall be currently registered and numbered. No person shall operate, maintain, or give permission for the operation or maintenance of any such snowmobile on such land or ice unless the snowmobile is numbered in accordance with this chapter, or in accordance with applicable Federal laws, or in accordance with an approved numbering system of another state, and unless the identifying number set forth in the registration is displayed on each side of the forward half of such snowmobile.

A registration number shall be assigned, without payment of fee, to snowmobiles owned by the State of Iowa or its political subdivisions upon application therefor, and the assigned registration number shall be displayed on the snowmobile as required under section 321G.5.

Upon proper application and payment of the registration fee provided in section 321G.6, the Commission shall issue a competition registration for a snowmobile. A competition registration authorizes the operation of the snowmobile only in special events in which the Commission has authorized their operation. The fees collected for the competition registration shall be deposited in the special conservation fund.

3-3G-4 Registration with County Recorder – fee. The owner of each snowmobile required to be numbered shall register it every two years with the County Recorder of the County in which the owner resides or, if the owner is a nonresident, the owner shall register it in the County in which such snowmobile is principally used. The Commission shall have supervisory responsibility over the registration of all snowmobiles and shall provide each County Recorder with registration forms and certificates and shall allocate identification numbers to each County.

The owner of the snowmobile shall file an application for registration with the appropriate County Recorder on forms provided by the Commission. The application shall be completed and signed by the owner of the snowmobile and shall be accompanied by a fee of twelve dollars and a writing fee. Proof of payment of Iowa sales or use tax must accompany all applications for registration. Upon receipt of the application in approved form accompanied by the required fees, the County Recorder shall enter the same upon the records and shall issue to the applicant a pocket-size registration certificate. The certificate shall be executed in triplicate, one copy to be delivered to the owner, one copy to the Commission, and one copy to be retained on file by the County Recorder. The registration certificate shall bear the number awarded to the snowmobile and the name and address of the owner. The registration certificate shall be carried either in the snowmobile or on the person of the operator of the machine when in use. The operator of a snowmobile shall exhibit the registration certificate to a peace officer upon request or to the owner or operator of another snowmobile or the owner of personal or real property when the snowmobile is involved in a collision or accident of any nature with another snowmobile or the property of another person.

If a snowmobile is placed in storage, the owner shall return the current registration certificate to the County Recorder with an affidavit stating that the snowmobile is placed in storage and the effective date of storage. The County Recorder shall notify the Commission of each snowmobile placed in storage. When the owner of a stored snowmobile desires to renew the registration, the owner shall make application to the County Recorder and pay the registration and writing fees without penalty. A refund of the registration fee shall not be allowed for a stored snowmobile.

3-3G-5 Display of identification numbers. A plate or decal containing the identification numbers or letters shall be furnished by the Conservation Commission.

The owner shall cause the identification number to be attached to each side of the forward half of the snowmobile in such manner as may be prescribed by the rules and regulations of the Commission and shall be maintained in legible condition at all times.

The owner of any snowmobile which is used as a watercraft and is required to be numbered as a watercraft may display the watercraft number on the forward half of the snowmobile in lieu of the snowmobile identification number, but the current snowmobile registration decal shall also be affixed aft of the current watercraft registration decal.

3-3G-6 Registration – renewal – transfer. Every registration certificate and number issued shall expire at midnight December 31, and every two years thereafter unless sooner terminated or discontinued in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. After the first day of September each even-numbered year, any unregistered snowmobile and renewals of registration may be so registered for the subsequent biennium beginning January 1. Any snowmobile registered between January 1 and September 1 of even-numbered years shall be registered for a fee of six dollars for the remainder of the registration period.

After the first day of September in even-numbered years an unregistered snowmobile may be registered for the remainder of the current registration period and for the subsequent registration period in one transaction. The fee shall be three dollars for the remainder of the current period, in addition to the registration fee of twelve dollars for the subsequent biennium beginning January 1, and a writing fee. Registration certificates and numbers may be renewed upon application of the owner in the same manner as provided in securing the original registration. The snowmobile registration fee is in lieu of personal property tax for each year of the registration.

If the application for registration for the subsequent biennium is not made before January 1 of each odd-numbered year, the applicant shall be charged a penalty of two dollars for each six months’ delinquency, or any portion of six months.

Whenever any person, after registering a snowmobile, moves from the address shown on the registration certificate, the person shall, within ten days, notify the County Recorder in writing of such fact.

Upon the transfer of ownership of a snowmobile, the owner shall complete the form on the back of a current registration certificate and shall deliver it to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivering the snowmobile. The purchaser or transferee shall, within five days, file a new application form with the County Recorder with a fee of one dollar and the writing fee, and a transfer of number shall be awarded in the same manner as provided in an original registration.

All registrations must be valid for the current registration period prior to the transfer of any registration, including assignment to a dealer.

Duplicate registrations may be issued upon application therefor and the payment of the same fees collected for the transfer of registrations.

3-3G-8 Exempt vehicles. No registration shall be required for the following described snowmobiles:

1. Snowmobiles owned and used by the United States, another state, or a political subdivision thereof.

2. Snowmobiles registered in a country other than the United States temporarily used within this state.

3. Snowmobiles covered by a valid license of another state and which have not been within this State for more than twenty consecutive days.

4. Snowmobiles not registered or licensed in another state or country being used in this State while engaged in a special event and not remaining in the State for a period of more than ten days.

3-3G-9 Operation on roadways and highways. No person shall operate a snowmobile upon roadways or highways, as defined in section .1, except as provided in this chapter.

1. A snowmobile shall not be operated at any time within the right-of-way of any interstate highway or freeway within this State.

2. A snowmobile may make a direct crossing of a street or highway provided:

A. The crossing is made at an angle of approximately ninety degrees to the direction of the highway and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing; and

B. The snowmobile is brought to a complete stop before crossing the shoulder or main traveled way of the highway; and

C. The driver yields the right-of-way to all oncoming traffic which constitutes an immediate hazard; and

D. In crossing a divided highway, the crossing is made only at an intersection of such highway with another public street or highway.

3. A registered snowmobile shall not be operated on public highways:

A. On the roadway portion of a highway and adjacent shoulder, or at least five feet on either side of the roadway, except as provided in subsection 4 of this section; and

B. On limited access highways and approaches; and

C. For racing any moving object; and

D. Abreast with one or more other snowmobiles on a City highway.

4. A registered snowmobile may be operated under the following conditions:

A. Upon City highways which have not been plowed during the snow season or on such highways as designated by the governing body of a municipality.

B. On that portion of County roadways that have not been plowed during the snow season or not maintained or utilized for the operation of conventional two-wheel drive motor vehicles.

C. On highways in an emergency during the period of time when and at locations where snow upon the roadway renders travel by conventional motor vehicles impractical.

D. On the roadways of that portion of County highways designated by the County Board of Supervisors for such use during a specified period. The County Board of Supervisors shall evaluate the traffic conditions on all County highways and designate roadways on which snowmobiles may be operated for the specified period without unduly interfering with or constituting an undue hazard to conventional motor vehicle traffic. Signs warning of the operation of snowmobiles on the roadway shall be placed and maintained on the portions of highway thus designated during the period specified for such operation.

E. On the roadway or shoulder when necessary to cross a bridge or culvert, or avoid an obstruction which makes it impossible to travel on the portion of the highway not intended for motor vehicles, if the snowmobile is brought to a complete stop before entering onto the roadway or shoulder and the driver yields the right-of-way to any approaching vehicle on the roadway.

5. The headlight and taillight shall be lighted during the operation on a public highway at any time from sunset to sunrise, and at such other times when conditions such as fog, snow, sleet or rain provide insufficient lighting to render clearly discernible persons and vehicles at a distance of five hundred feet ahead.

6. A snowmobile shall not be operated on or across a public highway by a person under sixteen years of age who does not have in the person’s possession a safety certificate issued to the person pursuant to this chapter.

Any person twelve to fifteen years of age and possessing a valid safety certificate must be accompanied by and under the direct supervision of a responsible person of at least eighteen years of age who is experienced in snowmobile operation and who possesses a valid operator’s or chauffeur’s license, instruction permit, restricted license or temporary permit issued under chapter 321 or a safety certificate issued under this chapter.

7. A snowmobile shall not be operated within the right-of-way of any primary highway between the hours of sunset and sunrise except on the right-hand side of such right-of-way and in the same direction as the motor vehicular traffic on the nearest lane of traveled portion of such right-of-way.

3-3G-11 Mufflers required. A snowmobile shall not be operated without suitable and effective muffling devices which limit engine noise to not more than eighty-six decibels as measured on the “A” scale at a distance of fifty feet; and a snowmobile, manufactured after July 1, 1973, which is sold, offered for sale or used in this state, except in an authorized special event, shall have a muffler system that limits engine noise to not more than eighty-two decibels as measured on the “A” scale at a distance of fifty feet.

The Commission may adopt rules with respect to the inspection of snowmobiles and the testing of snowmobile mufflers.

A separate placard shall be affixed, permanently and conspicuously, to any new snowmobile sold or offered for sale in this state that does not meet the muffler requirements as stated above. The placard shall designate each snowmobile which does not meet the muffler requirements.

A snowmobile manufactured after July 1, 1975, which is sold, offered for sale or used in this state, except in an authorized special event, shall have a muffler system that limits engine noise to not more than seventy-eight decibels as measured on the “A” scale at a distance of fifty feet.

3-3G-12 Lamps required. Every snowmobile shall be equipped with at least one head lamp and one tail lamp, and with brakes which conform to standards prescribed by the Director of Transportation.

3-3G-13 Unlawful operation. It shall be unlawful for any person to drive or operate any snowmobile:

1. At a rate of speed greater than reasonable or proper under all existing circumstances.

2. In a careless, reckless, or negligent manner so as to endanger the person or property of another or to cause injury or damage thereto.

3. While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or narcotics or habit-forming drugs.

4. Without a lighted headlight and taillight from sunset to sunrise and at such other times when conditions provide insufficient lighting to render clearly discernible persons and vehicles at a distance of five hundred feet ahead.

5. In any tree nursery or planting in a manner which damages or destroys growing stock.

6. On any public land, ice, or snow, in violation of official signs of the Commission prohibiting such operation in the interest of safety for persons, property, or the environment. Any officer appointed by the Commission may post an official sign in an emergency for the protection of persons, property, or the environment.

7. In or on any park or fish and game areas except on designated snowmobile trails.

8. Upon an operating railroad right-of-way. A snowmobile may be driven directly across a railroad right-of-way only at an established crossing and, notwithstanding any other provisions of law, may, where necessary, use the improved portion of such established crossing after yielding to all oncoming traffic. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any law enforcement officer or railroad employee in the lawful discharge of the officer’s or employee’s duties.

9. On any public road or street without a bright colored pennant or flag displayed at least sixty inches above the ground. Said pennant or flag shall be a minimum of six inches by nine inches, shall be orange and shall provide a fluorescent effect.

10. On public land without a measurable snow cover.

11. No person shall operate or ride in any snowmobile with any firearm in the person’s possession unless it is unloaded and enclosed in a carrying case, or any bow unless it is unstrung or enclosed in a carrying case.

3-3G-14 Penalty. Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter or any regulation of the Commission or Director of Transportation shall be guilty of a simple misdemeanor.

Chapter 232 shall have no application in the prosecution of offenses which are committed in violation of this chapter, and which constitute simple misdemeanors.

3-3G-15 Operation pending registration. The State Conservation Commission shall furnish snowmobile dealers with pasteboard cards bearing the words “registration applied for”. Any unregistered snowmobile sold by a dealer shall bear one of these cards which shall entitle the purchaser to operate it for ten days immediately following the purchase. The purchaser of a registered snowmobile shall be entitled to operate it for ten days immediately following the purchase, without having completed a transfer of registration. Any person who purchases a snowmobile from a dealer shall, within five days of the purchase, apply for a snowmobile registration or transfer of registration.

3-3G-16 Special Events. The Commission may authorize the holding of organized special events as defined in this chapter within this State. The Commission shall adopt and may amend rules and regulations relating to the conduct of special events held under Commission permits and designating the equipment and facilities necessary for safe operation of snowmobiles or for the safety of operators, participants, and observers in the special events. At least thirty days before the scheduled date of a special event in this State, an application shall be filed with the Commission for authorization to conduct the special event. The application shall set forth the date, time and location of the proposed special event and any other information as the Commission may require. The special event shall not be conducted without written authorization of the Commission. Copies of such rules shall be furnished by the Commission to any person making an application therefor.

3-3G-17 Violation of “stop” sign. It shall be unlawful for any person, after having received a visual or audible signal from any officer to come to a stop, to operate a snowmobile in willful or wanton disregard of such signal or interfere with or endanger the officer or any other person or vehicle, or increase speed or attempt to flee or elude the officer.

3-3G-18 Negligence. The owner and operator of any snowmobile shall be liable for any injury or damage occasioned by the negligent operation of such snowmobile.

3-3G-19 Rented snowmobiles.

1. The owner of any rented snowmobile shall keep a record of the name and address of each person renting the snowmobile, its identification number, the departure date and time, and the expected time of return. The records shall be preserved for six months.

2. The owner of a snowmobile operated for hire shall not permit the use or operation of a rented snowmobile unless it shall have been provided with all equipment required by this chapter or rules of the Commission or the Director of Transportation, properly installed and in good working order.

3-3G-20 Minors under twelve. No owner or operator of any snowmobile shall permit any person under twelve years of age to operate nor shall any person less than twelve years of age operate, the snowmobile except when accompanied on the same snowmobile by a responsible person of at least eighteen years of age who is experienced in snowmobile operation and who possesses a valid operator’s or chauffeur’s license, instruction permit, restricted license, or temporary permit issued under chapter 321 or a safety certificate issued under this chapter.

Subchapter 3H Local Regulations

3-3H-1 APPROACHING OR ENTERING AN INTERSECTION
3-3H-2 MAIN AND PLATT STREET INTERSECTION
3-3H-3 FIRE DEPARTMENTS
3-3H-4 INJURY TO PAVEMENT
3-3H-5 CHIEF OF POLICE POWER
3-3H-6 POLICE TO DIRECT MOVEMENT
3-3H-7 VEHICLES FOR SALE: UNLAWFUL TO DISPLAY ON STREET
3-3H-8 ANGLE PARKING
3-3H-9 SPEED – RECKLESS DRIVING

3-3H-1 APPROACHING OR ENTERING INTERSECTIONS. The driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle which has entered the intersection from a different highway.

When two (2) vehicles enter an intersection from different highways at the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right.

3-3H-2 MAIN AND PLATT STREET INTERSECTION. Traffic movement through Main Street and Platt Street intersection shall be as follows:

Right-hand lane for all through traffic and for all right turns, center lane for all left turns. Signs indicating the direction of traffic movement shall be placed at such intersections, and it shall be unlawful for any person to operate any vehicle in violation of such sign placed in accordance with this Section. (Ord. No. 1023, 03-6-06)

3-3H-3 FIRE DEPARTMENTS. Vehicles driven or propelled by the Fire Department shall, in case of fire, have absolute right-of-way upon the highways and streets of the City; and upon due alarm given by vehicles driven by the Fire Department all persons operating vehicles on the street or highway traveled by the Fire Department shall stop and park on the right side of the road.

3-3H-4 INJURY TO PAVEMENT. Nothing that will cut, injure or destroy any roadway or pavement shall be dragged over the same.

3-3H-5 CHIEF OF POLICE; POWER. Subject to the legislative direction of the Council, the Chief of Police is hereby empowered to make and enforce regulations necessary to make effective the provisions of this Code, regulating traffic and the parking and stopping of vehicles upon the streets and alleys and when such regulations are placed in force, the Chief shall, by appropriate signs, call attention thereto; provided however, that no signs shall be required whenever any emergency regulation is being enforced by an officer present to direct and warn traffic.

3-3H-6 POLICE TO DIRECT MOVEMENT. Motor vehicles, at theaters, and public gatherings, or under unusual circumstances, shall stand, or move as directed by the Police.

3-3H-7 VEHICLES FOR SALE: UNLAWFUL TO DISPLAY ON STREET. It shall
be unlawful for any person to place upon any street any vehicle displayed for sale.

3-3H-8 ANGLE PARKING. Upon those streets which have been marked or signed for angle parking, vehicles shall be parked at the angle to the curb indicated by such marks or signs, and the Chief of Police shall determine upon what streets angle parking shall be permitted and shall mark or sign such streets or cause the same to be marked or signed.

3-3H-9 SPEED, RECKLESS DRIVING. The maximum speed of any vehicle shall be the same as now or may hereafter be provided by State law. Any person who drives any vehicle in such manner as to indicate either a willful or a wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of reckless driving. Every person convicted of reckless driving shall be punished as herein set out in Title 1, Chapter 3 of this Code.

3-3H-10 U-TURNS. It shall be unlawful for the driver of any vehicle westbound on Highway 64 (East Platt Street) to make a U-Turn at the intersection of Highway 62 and Highway 64.
(Ord. 980, 12-2-02)

3-3H-11 ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES:

1. The following City streets may be used for the operation of registered all-terrain vehicles during special events approved by the City Council

A. Main Street from 17th Street to the north City limits

B. 17th Street within the City limits

C. 211th Avenue within the City limits

2. The all-terrain vehicles shall be operated by a licensed driver and shall obey all speed limits and traffic laws

(Ord. 1104, 6-18-12)

Subchapter 3I Vehicle Impoundment

3-3I-1 PURPOSE
3-3I-2 DEFINITIONS
3-3I-3 ENFORCEMENT
3-3I-4 PENALTIES
3-3I-5 EXCEPTIONS
3-3I-6 NUISANCE
3-3I-7 VIOLATION
3-3I-8 EXCEPTION FOR LICENSED SALVAGE YARDS OR JUNK YARDS
3-3I-9 PRIMA FACIE RESPONSIBILITY
3-3I-10 IMPOUNDING
3-3I-11 IMPOUNDING FEES
3-3I-12 NOTICE

3-3I-1 PURPOSE. The purpose of this Chapter is to protect the health and welfare of the citizens of Maquoketa by prohibiting the parking of junk vehicles on private and public property and to provide penalties and a procedure for the removal of junk vehicles from private property.

3-3I-2 DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this Ordinance the term vehicle shall mean every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway.

The term junk vehicle shall mean:

A. Any vehicle with a shattered or broken out windshield, or rear window.

B. Any vehicle that has missing from it visible current registration plate, an axle, a tire, an engine, a bumper, door, windshield or rear window or steering wheel.

C. Any vehicle which has become habitat of rats, mice or snakes or any other vermin or insects.

D. Any other vehicle which because of its defective or obsolete condition is in any other way a threat to the public health or safety or contains gasoline or other flammable fluids.

E. The term abandoned motor vehicle shall mean:

1. A vehicle that has been left unattended on public property for more than twenty-four (24) hours or lacks current registration plate or two or more wheels or other parts which renders the vehicle inoperable.

2. A vehicle that has remained illegally on public property for more than twenty-four (24) hours.

3. A vehicle that has been unlawfully parked on private property or has been placed on private property without the consent of the owner or person in control of the property, for more than twenty-four (24) hours.

4. Any vehicle parked on the highway, determined by a police authority, to create a hazard to other vehicular traffic.

However, a vehicle shall not be considered abandoned for a period of five (5) days if its owner or operator is unable to move the vehicle and notifies the police authority and requests assistance in the removal of the vehicle.
(Ord. 991, Passed April 19, 2004)

3-3I-3 ENFORCEMENT. A law enforcement official who observes an abandoned or junk vehicle or parts of a junk vehicle on private property shall follow this procedure:

1. The law enforcement official shall verbally warn the owner of the junk vehicle or vehicle parts to remove the junk vehicle or parts from the premises or to store the junk motor vehicle or parts in an enclosed building so that the junk vehicle or parts are hidden from the public view.

2. In the event that the junk motor vehicle or parts are still within public view in the City of Maquoketa after the elapse of 48 hours from the verbal warning, then the law enforcement official shall serve an abatement notice upon the property owner. The abatement notice shall clearly inform the owner of the premises or person in control of the premises or the owner of the car to remove the motor vehicle from the premises within five (5) days from the delivery of the notice.

3. In the event that the junk vehicle or parts of a vehicle remain on the premises 5 days after the serving of the notice of abatement, a law enforcement official may have the junk vehicle or parts of the vehicle towed to the City impound lot.

If a law enforcement official observes an abandoned vehicle or junk vehicle on the public streets or public property, the law enforcement official shall follow the following procedure:

1. He shall place on the windshield a Notice stating that the vehicle shall be impounded by the City police if not removed within forty-eight (48) hours.

2. If the vehicle remains on the public streets or the public place after the expiration of the forty-eight (48) hours, then the officer shall have the vehicle
removed to the City impound lot.

3. The officer shall follow the notification procedure set forth in 321.89, Paragraph 3A, within twenty (20) days of the impounding of the vehicle.

3-3I-4 PENALTIES. It shall be a simple misdemeanor for a person for any person to park a junk vehicle on the City street or to park a junk vehicle or parts of a vehicle on private property; and,

It is hereby declared to be a nuisance to park a junk vehicle or parts of a vehicle on private or public property; and, this nuisance may be abated under the Municipal Infractions Ordinance or the Nuisance Abatement Ordinance of the City of Maquoketa.
(Ord. 991, Passed April 19, 2004)

3-3I-5 EXCEPTIONS. It shall not be a violation of this Ordinance for a property owner to store a junk vehicle or parts of a junk vehicle in an enclosed building which covers the junk vehicle or parts of vehicle from public view.

It shall not be a violation of this Ordinance if the owner of a junk vehicle has been issued a permit by a law enforcement official to park a junk vehicle on his premises for a period of time not to exceed 30 days; and,

A law enforcement official may grant a permit for an owner to park a junk vehicle on his premises for not to exceed 30 days if the owner is making efforts to have the vehicle repaired for lawful operation on the public highways.

It shall not be a violation of this Ordinance if the owner of a body shop, in a zone of the City zoned commercial, shall retain one or more vehicles, that by this Ordinance would be classified as junk vehicles; provided however, that the junk vehicles on the premises of the body shop shall be contained in an area that is completely separated from public view by a site barrier such as a fence or equivalent site barrier.

3-3I-6 NUISANCE. It is hereby declared that the storage of abandoned motor vehicles or junk vehicles within the corporate limits of the City, with the exceptions in Section 3-3I-5 and 3-3I-81, is dangerous to the health and welfare of the citizens of the City and is a nuisance under the provisions of Section 657.1 of the 1993 Code of Iowa as amended from time to time.

3-3I-7 VIOLATION. Any property owner or person in possession of property within the corporate limits of the City with the exceptions of Section 3-3I-5 and 3-3I-8 of this Subchapter who shall allow the storage of obsolete motor vehicles or junk vehicles upon his property in his possession shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

3-3I-8 EXCEPTION FOR LICENSED SALVAGE YARDS OR JUNK YARDS. The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to auto salvage yards or junk yards that are duly licensed by the City.

3-3I-9 PRIMA FACIE RESPONSIBILITY. If any obsolete motor vehicle is stored upon property in violation of this Subchapter the owner of said property shall be prima facie responsible for said violation.

3-3I-10 IMPOUNDING. If any abandoned or junk motor vehicle is stored upon property in violation of the provisions of this Subchapter or is found upon the streets and highways, parking lots, or public places reasonably appearing to be abandoned, it may be removed under the direction of the Police Chief or any police officer and may be impounded. Impoundment shall be in any City owned garage or area or in any privately owned public garage designated by the Council.

Within twenty (20) days after the impoundment of a vehicle the City shall cause a Notice that complies with Section 12 of this Ordinance to be sent by Certified Mail to everyone entitled to Notice under Section 12.

3-3I-11 IMPOUND FEES. Within twenty-one (21) days after the impoundment of any such motor vehicle the owner thereof may appear and claim the same on payment of an impoundment fee of $20.00 for the first day of impound plus $5.00 per day thereafter, plus towing charges is stored by the City, or upon payment of the towing charges and storage fees, if stored in a public garage, whereupon said vehicle shall be released.
(Ord. No 1013, 11-7-05)

3-3I-12 NOTICE. Notice to be sent by Certified Mail within twenty (20) days of taking vehicle into custody.

1. Last known name and address of registered owner (Here state the last known name and address of vehicle owner)

2. Lien Holders of Record
(Here state the name and address)

1.

2.

3.

3. Anyone else who may claim the vehicle or personal property in it.
(Here state the name and address)

1.

2.

You are hereby NOTIFIED that on the _____ day of _______________, 19_____, the following vehicle was taken into custody.

Vehicle Make:

Model Year:

Vehicle ID No.:

Personal Property in Vehicle:

The vehicle is being held at the following location:

You are hereby NOTIFIED that you have the right to reclaim the vehicle and the personal property within twenty-one (21) days from the mailing of this Notice upon payment of the following:

A. Towing Charges: $

B. Preservation and Storage Charges: $

C. The cost of this Notice: $

You are further NOTIFIED that your failure to reclaim the vehicle or personal property within the allowed time shall be deemed a waiver of your right title, claim and interest in the vehicle and the property.

You are further NOTIFIED that your failure to reclaim the vehicle or property shall be deemed a consent to the sale of the vehicle and property at public auction or the disposal of the vehicle by a demolisher.

You have the right to dispute the amount of the charges stated above and you may ask for an Evidentiary hearing on these charges by delivering to the office of the City Clerk at City Hall a written request for a hearing on the charges. The written request must contain your name, address and telephone number.

If you fail to reclaim or ask for a hearing within twenty-one (21) days after the date of the mailing of this Notice as shown by the postmark, you shall no longer have any right, title, claim or interest in or to the vehicle or the property.

You are further NOTIFIED that after twenty-one (21) days from the date of the mailing of this Notice, if no one has reclaimed the vehicle or property or asked for a hearing within the time allowed, the vehicle and property will be sold at public auction unless the vehicle lacks an engine or two or more wheels or is otherwise totally inoperable. If the vehicle lacks an engine or two or more wheels or is otherwise totally inoperable, the vehicle will be disposed of to a demolisher with or without a public auction.

(Ord 833, 5-16-94)

Subchapter 3K Bicycles and Skateboards

3-3K-1 LICENSE REQUIRED
3-3K-2 LICENSE TRANSFER
3-3K-3 LOST LICENSE PLATE
3-3K-4 ALTERATION UNLAWFUL
3-3K-5 LIGHTS REQUIRED
3-3K-6 WARNING DEVICES
3-3K-7 PARKING BICYCLES
3-3K-8 RIDING ON SIDEWALKS
3-3K-9 RIGHT OF PEDESTRIANS
3-3K-10 SINGLE FILE RIDING
3-3K-11 OBSERVANCE OF TRAFFIC RULES
3-3K-12 TOWING UNLAWFUL
3-3K-13 CARRYING EXTRA PASSENGERS
3-3K-14 IMPROPER RIDING FORBIDDEN
3-3K-15 SPEED
3-3K-16 IMPOUNDMENT OF BICYCLES
3-3K-17 DEFINITION
3-3K-18 OPERATING SKATING DEVICES ON SIDEWALKS
3-3K-19 RIGHTS OF PEDESTRIANS
3-3K-20 IMPROPER OPERATION OF SKATING DEVICES FORBIDDEN
3-3K-21 OPERATING SKATING DEVICES ON PUBLIC STREETS
3-3K-22 OBSERVANCE OF TRAFFIC RULES
3-3K-23 IMPOUNDMENT OF SKATING DEVICES

3-3K-1 LICENSE REQUIRED. Every person operating a bicycle within the City shall cause the ownership thereof to be registered at the office of the Police Department. Upon such registration and passage of an examination as to knowledge of the laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the City, and passage of a riding test, and payment of a fee in the amount of one dollar ($1.00), the Police Department will issue a license tag, which thereafter shall be kept attached to the bicycle. All persons using the same bicycle must take a test.

3-3K-2 LICENSE TRANSFER. In the event a licensed bicycle be sold or transferred, the license tag shall pass to the new owner or transferee and the sale or transfer of the bicycle shall be reported to the Police Department by the former owner within five (5) days after the sale or the transfer of such bicycle and the Police Department shall make a record of the sale or transfer together with the name of the new owner or transferee of the bicycle.

3-3K-3 LOST LICENSE PLATE. In the event that an owner shall lose his license tag or same should be destroyed or stolen, he shall report same immediately to the Police Department, which shall then issue to such owner a new license tag for a fee in the amount of fifty cents (50 cents).

3-3K-4 ALTERATION UNLAWFUL. It shall be unlawful for any person to alter or
counterfeit any license tags issued in conformity with this Chapter.

3-3K-5 LIGHTS REQUIRED. All bicycles used within the City limits shall during the hours from one-half (1/2) hour after sunset and one-half (1/2) hour before sunrise, display a headlight on the forward part of the bicycle visible from a distance of at least three hundred feet (300′), the headlight to be stationary and with an illuminating power equal to that produced by a one and twenty-five hundredths (1.25) volt electric bulb and battery. There shall also be displayed on the rear part of the bicycle a suitable light or red reflector not to be smaller than one and one-half inches (1- 1/2″) in diameter.

3-3K-6 WARNING DEVICES. All bicycles shall be equipped with either a suitable horn or bell. The use of sirens on bicycles shall be unlawful.

3-3K-7 PARKING BICYCLES. Bicycles shall be parked in such a manner as to not block or interfere with the free movement of pedestrians upon any City sidewalk, or interfere or block any entrance to any commercial or public place. Bicycles shall be parked at a special parking place or rack when approved and provided, in a safe and suitable place, by the Police Department.

3-3K-8 RIDING ON SIDEWALKS. Bicycles may be operated upon the sidewalks in the Residential District, but not in the Business District or upon the sidewalks adjoining any School Premises.

3-3K-9 RIGHT OF PEDESTRIANS. Pedestrians upon sidewalks shall have the right-of-way at all times over persons using or operating bicycles upon any sidewalks not herein prohibited, and any person using or operating a bicycle upon any sidewalk shall turn off the sidewalk at all times when meeting or passing pedestrians.

3-3K-10 SINGLE FILE RIDING. Bicycles shall be ridden single file in Business Districts and upon sidewalks in Residential Districts but may be ridden not over two (2) abreast on any other City Street. The bicycles shall be operated as near the right curb as possible at all times.

3-3K-11 OBSERVANCE OF TRAFFIC RULES. All persons using or operating bicycles upon any street or sidewalk within the City shall observe all traffic rules as to traffic lights and highway stop signs and shall signal any change of direction or course of
travel in the same manner as such signals are required under the law governing the use of motor vehicles upon streets and highways, and shall not turn left in traffic except at regular intersections of streets or alleys.

3-3K-12 TOWING UNLAWFUL. It shall be unlawful for any person riding a bicycle to be towed or to tow any other vehicle upon the streets of the City. It shall also be unlawful for any person riding a bicycle to follow a fire truck or other fire equipment at any time.

3-3K-13 CARRYING EXTRA PASSENGERS. Extra passengers shall not be carried upon a bicycle at any time, except for bicycles that are manufactured as bicycles built for two (2), or bicycles equipped with a child safety seat manufactured and properly installed and the bicycle is operated by a person sixteen (16) years of age or older.

3-3K-14 IMPROPER RIDING FORBIDDEN. It shall be unlawful for any person riding a bicycle within the Corporate Limits to ride in an irregular or reckless manner such as zigzagging, stunting, speeding, or otherwise riding with disregard for either the operator’s safety or the safety of others.

3-3K-15 SPEED. It shall be unlawful to ride a bicycle on any sidewalk in the Residential Section of the City faster than five miles per hour (5 m.p.h.) or faster than twenty-five miles per hour (25 m.p.h.) on the streets and highways in any part of the City.

3-3K-16 IMPOUNDMENT OF BICYCLES. The Police Department may impound any bicycle used in any violation of the provisions of this Chapter. No such impoundment shall exceed 30 days.

3-3K-17 DEFINITION. For the remainder of this Ordinance, skating devices include: skateboards, roller skates, inline skates and/or roller blades.

3-3K-18 OPERATING SKATING DEVICES ON SIDEWALKS. Skating devices may be operated upon the sidewalks in the Residential District, but not in the Business District or upon any sidewalk adjoining any school premises during regular school hours or any extra curricular school activities hours.

3-3K-19 RIGHTS OF PEDESTRIANS. Pedestrians upon the sidewalks shall have the right-of-way at all times over persons using skating devices upon the sidewalks not herein prohibited, and any person using or operating a skating device upon any sidewalk shall stop and remove the skating device from the sidewalk in order to give this right-of-way.

3-3K-20 IMPROPER OPERATION OF SKATING DEVICES FORBIDDEN. It shall be unlawful for any person operating a skating device to ride in any irregular or reckless manner such as zigzagging, stunting, or otherwise riding with disregard for either the operator’s safety or the safety of others.

3-3K-21 OPERATING SKATING DEVICES ON PUBLIC STREETS. Skating devices may be operated on public streets in the Residential District but not in the Business District or upon North or South Main Streets, or West Platt Streets at any time.

3-3K-22 OBSERVANCE OF TRAFFIC RULES. All persons using or operating skating devices on any street or sidewalk within the City shall observe all traffic rules, as to traffic lights and stop signs and shall stop before entering a street from any sidewalk. All persons operating a skating device on a public street shall operate as near the right curb as possible at all times.

3-3K-23 IMPOUNDMENT OF SKATING DEVICES. The Police Department may impound any skating device used in violation of the provisions of this chapter. No such impoundment shall exceed 30 days.
(Ord. 873, passed 3-18-96)

Subchapter 3L Primary Road Number 61

3-3L-1 DEFINITION
3-3L-2 UNLAWFUL USE OF CONTROLLED-ACESS FACILITIES
3-3L-3 ESTABLISHMENT
3-3L-4 SPEED LIMITS
3-3L-5 INGRESS OR EGRESS
3-3L-6 POINTS OF ACCESS

3-3L-1 DEFINITION. For the purpose of this Subchapter, a controlled-access facility shall mean:

A controlled right-of-easement of access, light, air or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such controlled-access facility or for any other reason.

3-3L-2 UNLAWFUL USE OF C0NTROLLED-ACCESS FACILITIES. It shall be unlawful for any person to:

1. Drive a vehicle over, upon or across any curb, central dividing section or other separation or dividing line on such controlled-access facilities.

2. Make a left turn or a semi-circular or U-turn except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing curb section, separation or line.

3. Drive any vehicle except in the proper lane provided for that purpose and in the proper direction and to the right of the central dividing curb, separation section or line.

4. Drive any vehicle into the controlled-access facility from a local service road except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing section or dividing line which separates such service road from the controlled-access facility property.

3-3L-3 ESTABLISHMENT. There are hereby fixed and established controlled-access facilities on the Primary Road System extension improvements, Project No. F N 21 Primary Road No. U.S. 61 within the City, described as follows:

South Main Street (U.S. 61) from South Summit Street to the South corporation line (station 79×36.0 to station 105×84.9) regulating access to and from abutting properties along the (Highway) all in accordance with the plans for such improvement identified as Project No. F N 21 on file in the Office of the Clerk.
3-3L-4 repealed refer to 3-3A-285 Ord. 763, 8-19-91
3-3L-5 INGRESS OR EGRESS. No person shall have any right to ingress or egress to, from or across the Controlled-Access facility except on such points as may be permitted by the Iowa State Highway Commission and designated by the provisions of this Code.

3-3L-6 POINTS OF ACCESS. The points of access shall consist of access ways from abutting property to the adjacent traffic lane or roadway and their location shall be expressed in terms of stations, such representing a distance of one hundred feet (100′) measured along the centerline of the Controlled-Access facility from the points of reference stated in this Chapter and identified as Project Number F N 21.

Points of access are hereby permitted as follows:

Address Station Side Width Description

Belle Reynolds 82×80 Lt. 20 Agricultural
Old R.R. ROW 85×96 Lt. 30 Commercial
Old R.R. ROW 86×05 Rt. 44 Commercial
Motel 87×06 Rt. 30 Commercial
Motel 88×03 Rt. 24 Commercial
Monroe St. 88×30 Rt. City Street
Ranger Station 88×56 Rt. 38 Commercial
Monroe St. 88×75 Lt. City Street
Ranger Station 89×46 Rt. 87 Commercial
818 S. Main St. 89×82 Lt. 12 Residential
816 S. Main St. 90×73 Lt. 12 Residential
817 S. Main St. 90×48 Rt. 12 Residential
814 S. Main St. 91×16 Lt. 12 Residential
811 S. Main St. 91×60 Rt. 12 Residential
810 S. Main St. 92×11 Lt. 14 Residential
809 S. Main St. 92×21 Rt. 13 Residential
80 S. Main St. 92×82 Rt. 12 Residential
806 S. Main St. 93×50 Lt. 10 Residential
802 S. Main St. 93×88 Lt. 11 Residential
Jefferson St.. 94×35 Rt. City Street
719 S. Main St. 96×43 Rt. 16 Residential
717 S. Main St. 97×39 Rt. 16 Residential
Dairy from 98×26
Queen to 99×84 Rt. Open Commercial
708 S. Main St. 99×23 Lt. 13 Residential
706 S. Main St. 100×01 Lt. 11 Residential
Zephyr from 99×84
Station to l00x86 Rt. Open Commercial
702 S. Main St. l00x74 Lt. 16 Residential
A & W from l00x86

Address Station Side Width Description

to 102×00 Rt. Open Commercial
Dr. Hepker Clinic 101×86 Lt. 27 Commercial
Vet’s Clinic 102×23 Rt. 21 Commercial
620 S. Main St. 103xl6 Lt. 15 Residential
613 S. Main St. 103×22 Rt. 13 Residential
611 S. Main St. 103x4l Rt. 15 Residential
610 S. Main St. 103x5l Lt. 12 Residential
607 S. Main St. 104×70 Rt. 20 Residential
Standard from 105×13 Rt. Open Commercial
Station to 105×86

(Ord. 357, 11-27-61)

Subchapter 3M Primary Road Number 62

3-3M-1 DEFINITION
3-3M-2 UNLAWFUL USE OF CONTROLLED-ACCESS FACILITIES
3-3M-3 ESTABLISHMENT
3-3M-4 PARKING
3-3M-5 SPEED LIMITS
3-3M-6 INGRESS OR EGRESS
3-3M-7 POINTS OF ACCESS

3-3M-1 DEFINITION. For the purpose of this Subchapter, a controlled-access facility shall mean:

A controlled right-of-easement of access, light, air or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such controlled-access facility or for any other reason.

3-3M-2 UNLAWFUL USE OF CONTROLLED-ACCESS FACILITIES. It shall be unlawful for any person to:

1. Drive a vehicle over, upon or across any curb, central dividing section or other separation or dividing line on such controlled-access facilities.

2. Make a left turn or a semi-circular or U-turn except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing curb section, separation or line.

3. Drive any vehicle except in the proper lane provided for that purpose and in the proper direction and to the right of the central dividing curb, separation section or line.

4. Drive any vehicle into the controlled-access facility from a local service road except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing curb or dividing section or dividing line which separates such service road from the controlled-access facility property.

3-3M-3 ESTABLISHMENT. There are hereby fixed and established controlled-access facilities on the Primary Road System extension improvement, Project No. F-991 Primary Road Iowa #62 within the City, described as follows:

1. On Iowa #62 from Iowa #64 to Station 16×25.5

2. On Iowa #64 from Station 993×00 to Station 2×24

3. Regulating access to and from (Iowa #64 to Station 16×25.5) abutting properties along the highway all in accordance with the plans for such improvement identified as Project No. E-991 on file in the Office of the Clerk.

3-3M-4 PARKING. It shall hereafter be illegal to park on Iowa #62 from Iowa #64 to Station 16x.25.5 and on Iowa #64 from Station 993×00 to Station 2×24.

3- 3M-5 SPEED LIMITS: The following speed limits are hereafter established:

1. Northbound of Iowa #62 from Iowa #64 to Station 16×25.5; 55 M.P.H.

2. Southbound on Iowa #62 from Station 16×25.5 to Iowa #64; 45 M.P.H.

3. East or Westbound on Iowa #64 (East Platt Street) from Station 993×00 to Station 2×24; 45 M.P.H

(C.335, 12-28-59)

3-3M-6 INGRESS OR EGRESS. No person shall have any right to ingress or egress to, from or across the Controlled-Access facility except at such points as may be permitted by the Iowa State Highway Commission and designated by the provisions of this Code.

3-3M-7 POINTS OF ACCESS. The points of access shall consist of access ways from abutting property to the adjacent traffic lane or roadway and their location shall be expressed in terms of stations, each representing a distance of one hundred feet (100′) measured along the centerline of the Controlled-Access facility from the points of reference stated in this Chapter and identified as Project Number F-991.

Points of access are hereby permitted as follows:

Station Side Width Description

996xl4 Lt. 35 Commercial-Fair Ground
11×52 Lt. 43 Commercial-Fair Ground
2×24 Rt. 31 Side Road

(Ord. 358, 11-27-61)

Subchapter 3N Primary Road Number 64

3-3N-1 PURPOSE
3-3N-2 DEFINITION
3-3N-3 UNLAWFUL USE OF CONTROLLED-ACCESS FACILITIES
3-3N-4 ESTABLISHMENT
3-3N-5 POINTS OF ACCESS
3-3N-6 SPEED LIMITS

3-3N-1 PURPOSE. This Subchapter shall be deemed an exercise of the police power of the City under Chapter 321, Code of Iowa, 1979, for the preservation of the public peace, health, safety, and the promotion of the general welfare.

3-3N-2 DEFINITION. For the purpose of this Subchapter, a controlled-access facility shall mean a “controlled right-of-easement of access, light, air or view” by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such controlled-access facility or for any other reason.

3-3N-3 UNLAWFUL USE OF CONTROLLED-ACCESS FACILITIES. It shall be unlawful for any person to:

1. Drive a vehicle over, upon or across any curb, central dividing section or other separation or dividing line on such controlled access facilities.

2. Make a left turn or a semicircular or U-turn except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing curb section, separation or line.

3. Drive any vehicle except in the proper lane provide for that purpose and in the proper direction and to the right of the central dividing curb, separating section or line.

4. Drive any vehicle into the controlled-access facility from a local service road except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing curb or dividing section or dividing line which separates such service road from the controlled-access facility property.

3-3N-4 ESTABLISHMENT. There are hereby fixed and established controlled-access facilities on the Primary Road System extension improvements, Project #FN-64-9, Primary Road #Iowa 64 within the City described as follows:

1. Beginning at Sta. 631+18 (end of tapers for US #61 intersection) thence easterly to Sta. 648+10 (Vermont Street).
2. Regulating access to and from abutting properties along said highway, all in accordance with the plans for such improvement identified as Project #FN-64-9 on file in the Office of the Clerk.

3-3N-5 POINTS OF ACCESS. The points of access shall consist of access ways from abutting property to the adjacent traffic lane or roadway and their location shall be expressed in terms of stations, each representing a distance of one hundred feet (100′) measured along the centerline of the controlled-access facility from the points of reference stated in Section 3-3N-4 hereof.

Station Side Width Use

631+47 Rt. 24′ Residential
631+93 Lt. 95′ Commercial
633+55 Rt. 36′ Western Avenue
636+00 Lt. 24′ Residential
636+48 Lt. 35′ Commercial
637+33 Lt. 35′ Commercial
637+55 Lt. 35′ Commercial
637+88 Lt. 35′ Commercial
638+50 Lt. 35′ Commercial
639+41 Lt. 36′ Jones Avenue (North)
640+60 Lt. 35′ Commercial
635+68 Rt. 35′ Commercial
636+73 Rt. 30′ Residential
637+46 Rt. 35′ Commercial
639+41 Rt. 45′ Commercial
639+97 Rt. 45′ Commercial
640+45 Rt. 35′ Commercial
641+33 Rt. 35′ Commercial
641+76 Rt. 33′ Jones Avenue
642+10 Rt. 35′ Commercial
641+60 Lt. 24′ Residential
641+76 Lt. 24′ Residential
643+00 Rt. 45′ Commercial
643+15 Lt. 35′ Commercial
644+17 Lt. 32′ Arcade Street
644+30 Rt. 22′ Residential
644+52 Rt. 22′ Residential
645+29 Rt. 22′ Residential
645+66 Lt. 55′ Commercial
646+00 Rt. 22′ Residential
646+59 Rt. 22′ Residential
646+59 Lt. 22′ Residential
646+76 Lt. 22′ Residential

3-3N-6 Repealed refer to 3-3A-285 (Ord. 763; 8-19-91)